Set - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ A-1,Verb,G2476, histemi ]
to cause to stand," is translated "to set" in Matthew 4:5 (aorist tense in the best texts; some have the present, as in AV); Matthew 18:2; Matthew 25:33; Mark 9:36; Luke 4:9; Luke 9:47; John 8:3; Acts 4:7; Acts 5:27; Acts 6:6; in Acts 6:13, "set up;" Acts 22:30; in Jude 1:24, RV, "to set" (AV, "to present"). See ABIDE, No. 10.

[ A-2,Verb,G2525, kathistemi ]
lit., "to set down" (kata, "down," and No. 1), "to appoint, constitute," is translated "to set" in Matthew 24:45, Matthew 24:47; Matthew 25:21, Matthew 25:23, RV (AV, "made"); so Luke 12:42, Luke 12:44; it is found in some mss. in Hebrews 2:7, and translated "set over" (AV), See APPOINT, No. 2.

[ A-3,Verb,G5087, tithemi ]
"to put, to place," is translated "to set" in Acts 1:7, of times and seasons (AV, "put"); Acts 13:47; Revelation 10:2; "setteth on" (of wine) in John 2:10, RV (AV, "doth set forth"); in the AV of Mark 4:21 (2nd part) and in Luke 8:16 it is rendered "set" (RV, "put"), of a lamp (some texts have No. 6 in both). In Mark 4:30 it is used of "setting" forth by parable the teaching concerning the kingdom of God, RV, "shall we set (it) forth" (AV, "compare"). See APPOINT, No. 3.

[ A-4,Verb,G3908, paratithemi ]
"to place beside" (para, "beside," and No. 3), "to set forth," of a parable, Matthew 13:24, RV (AV, "put forth"); "to set before," of food, Mark 6:41; Mark 8:6 (twice), Mark 8:7; Luke 9:16; Luke 10:8; Luke 11:6; Acts 16:34; 1 Corinthians 10:27. See ALLEGE, No. 1, PUT, No. 3.

[ A-5,Verb,G4060, peritithemi ]
"to place or put around" (peri, "around," and No. 3), is translated "to set about" (of a hedge) in Mark 12:1. See BESTOW, No. 5, PUT.

[ A-6,Verb,G2007, epitithemi ]
"to put, set or lay upon," is used of the placing over the head of Christ on the cross "His accusation," Matthew 27:37, "set up;" of attacking a person, Acts 18:10, "shall set on." See ADD. No. 1.

[ A-7,Verb,G4388, protithemi ]
"to set before" (pro, "before," and No. 3), is used in the Middle Voice, translated "set forth," of Christ, in Romans 3:25 (RV marg., "purposed"). See PURPOSE, B, No. 3.

[ A-8,Verb,G1325, didomi ]
"to give," is translated "I have set before" in Revelation 3:8 (RV marg., "given"). See GIVE.

[ A-9,Verb,G2523, kathizo ]
used transitively, signifies "to cause to sit down, set, appoint," translated "to set" in Acts 2:30, RV (AV, incorrectly, "to set"); in 1 Corinthians 6:4, of appointing, i.e., obtaining the services of, judges in lawcourts; in Ephesians 1:20, RV, "made (Him) to sit" (AV, "set").

Note: In Hebrews 8:1, kathizo is used intransitively, RV, "sat down" (AV, "is set"); so in Hebrews 12:2, RV, "hath sat down" (AV, "is set down"); Revelation 3:21, RV, "I ... sat down" (AV, "am set down"). So epikathizo in Matthew 21:7 (last part), RV, "He sat" [some mss. have the plural in a transitive sense, AV, "they set (Him)]" See SIT, No. 8.

[ A-10,Verb,G5021, tasso ]
"to arrange, assign, order," is translated "set (under authority)" in Luke 7:8. In 1 Corinthians 16:15, RV, "have set (themselves)," AV, "addicted." See APPOINT, No. 5.

[ A-11,Verb,G392, anatassomai ]
"to arrange in order, draw up in order" (ana, "up," and the Middle Voice of No. 10), occurs in Luke 1:1, AV, "to set forth in order," RV, "to draw up." See DRAW, No. 9.

[ A-12,Verb,G1416, duno ]
"to sink into," is used of the "setting" of the sun, Mark 1:32, "did set;" Luke 4:40, "was setting." The sun, moon and stars were conceived of as sinking into the sea when they set.

[ A-13,Verb,G4862, sunallasso ]
236), "to reconcile" (sun, "together," allasso, "to change or exchange"), is translated "he ... would have set (them at one, lit., 'into peace') again" in Acts 7:26 (the imperfect tense being conative, expressing an attempt); some mss. have sunelauno, "to drive together, force together."

[ A-14,Verb,G2605, katangello ]
"to declare, proclaim," is translated "set forth" in Acts 16:21, RV (AV, "teach"); "set I forth" in Acts 17:23, RV (AV, "declare I"). See DECLARE, No. 4.

[ A-15,Verb,G1758, enecho ]
"to hold in," has a secondary significance of "setting oneself against a person," "being urgent against," Mark 6:19; Luke 11:53 (RV, marg.). See ENTANGLE, No. 3, QUARREL, URGE.

[ A-16,Verb,G4311, propempo ]
lit., "to send forward" (pro, "forward," pempo, "to send"), is translated "set forward" in Titus 3:13, RV (AV, "bring") and in 3 John 1:6, RV (AV, "bring forward"), of practical assistance to servants of God in their journeys. See ACCOMPANY, No. 4.

[ A-17,Verb,G584, apodeiknumi ]
"to show forth, declare," is translated "set forth" in 1 Corinthians 4:9, here, a technical term, used for exhibiting gladiators in an arena, "last of all" referring to the grand finale, to make the most thrilling sport for the spectators (cp. 1 Corinthians 15:32); prophets and others had preceded the apostles in the spectacle; in 2 Thessalonians 2:4 it is used of the man of sin, who will "set (himself) forth (as God)," AV, "showing." Elsewhere Acts 2:22; Acts 25:7. See APPROVE, PROVE. The word is frequently used in the papyri of the proclamation of the accession of a king or the appointment of an official. Cp. apodeixis, "demonstration," 1 Corinthians 2:4.

[ A-18,Verb,G1913, epibibazo ]
"to place upon," is used of causing persons to mount animals for riding, Luke 10:34; Luke 19:35; Acts 23:24.

[ A-19,Verb,G4741, sterizo ]
"to fix, establish," is rendered "He steadfastly set (His face)" in Luke 9:51. See ESTABLISH, No. 1.

[ A-20,Verb,G461, anorthoo ]
"to set straight, set up" (ana, "up," orthos, "straight"), is used in Acts 15:16 in God's promise to "set" up the fallen tabernacle (skene, "tent") of David. The word is used in the papyri of rearing buildings again. See LIFT, No. 6, STRAIGHT.

[ A-21,Verb,G2749, keimai ]
"to lie, to be laid" (used as the Passive Voice of tithemi, No. 3), is translated "to be set," e.g., in Matthew 5:14 (of a city); Luke 2:34 (of Christ); John 2:6 (of waterpots); John 19:29 (of vessel of vinegar); Philippians 1:16, RV (Philippians 1:17, AV) (of the Apostle Paul); Revelation 4:2 (of the throne in heaven). See APPOINT, LAY, LIE.

[ A-22,Verb,G345, anakeimai ]
"to be laid up" (ana "up"), "to recline at a meal," is so used in John 6:11, "(to them) that were set down." See LEAN, LIE, Note
(1) SIT, No. 3.

[ A-23,Verb,G4295, prokeimai ]
(a) "to be set before" (pro, "before," and No. 21), and is so rendered in Hebrews 6:18 of the hope of the believer; Hebrews 12:1, of the Christian race; Hebrews 12:2, of the joy "set" before Christ in the days of His flesh and at His death;
(b) "to be set forth," said of Sodom and Gomorrah, in Jude 1:7. It is used elsewhere in 2 Corinthians 8:12, for which See FIRST, D, Note

[ A-24,Verb,G4270, prographo ]
"to write before," is translated "were set forth (unto this condemnation)" in Jude 1:4, RV (AV, "ordained"); the evil teachers were "designated of old for this judgment" (cp. 2 Peter 2:3). For the meaning of this verb in Galatians 3:1, RV, "openly set forth," See OPENLY, No. 2, Note. See WRITE.

[ B-1,Adjective,G5002, taktos ]
an adjective (from tasso, A, No. 10), "ordered, fixed, set," is said of an appointed day, in Acts 12:21. In the Sept., Job 12:5.


(1) For "to set at liberty" (apoluo and apostello), See LIBERTY.

(2) In Acts 21:2, AV, anago, "to set sail" (RV), is translated "set forth;" See LAUNCH.

(3) In Luke 22:55, AV, sunkathizo, "to sit down together" (RV), is translated "were set down together." See SIT, No. 10.

(4) For Acts 7:5, "to set his foot on," See FOOT, A, No. 1, Note.

(5) In Acts 13:9, AV, atenizo, "to look fixedly, gaze," is rendered "set his eyes on" (RV, "fastened his eyes on"). See FASTEN, No. 1.

(6) In Matthew 27:19, AV, kathemai, "to sit," is rendered "he was set down" (RV, "he was sitting"). See SIT, No. 1.

(7) In John 13:12, (AV, anapipto, "to recline at table," is translated "was set down" (RV, "sat down;" marg., "reclined"). See RECLINE.

(8) In Matthew 27:66 there is no word in the Greek representing the AV "setting;" the RV has "the guard being with them," lit., "with (meta) the guard."

(9) The verb is combined with other words, e.g., AFFECTION, FIRE, MIND, NOUGHT, ORDER, SEAL, UPROAR, VARIANCE.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words