BIB(i) 1 Παῦλος (Paul), δοῦλος (a servant) Χριστοῦ (of Christ) Ἰησοῦ (Jesus), κλητὸς (a called) ἀπόστολος (apostle) ἀφωρισμένος (having been set apart) εἰς (for) εὐαγγέλιον (the gospel) Θεοῦ (of God), 2 ὃ (which) προεπηγγείλατο (He promised beforehand) διὰ (through) τῶν (the) προφητῶν (prophets) αὐτοῦ (of Him) ἐν (in) γραφαῖς (the Scriptures) ἁγίαις (Holy), 3 περὶ (concerning) τοῦ (the) Υἱοῦ (Son) αὐτοῦ (of Him), τοῦ (-) γενομένου (having come) ἐκ (of the) σπέρματος (seed) Δαυὶδ (of David) κατὰ (according to) σάρκα (flesh), 4 τοῦ (-) ὁρισθέντος (having been declared) Υἱοῦ (Son) Θεοῦ (of God) ἐν (in) δυνάμει (power) κατὰ (according to the) πνεῦμα (Spirit) ἁγιωσύνης (of holiness) ἐξ (by) ἀναστάσεως (resurrection) νεκρῶν (from the dead), Ἰησοῦ (Jesus) Χριστοῦ (Christ), τοῦ (the) Κυρίου (Lord) ἡμῶν (of us); 5 δι’ (through) οὗ (whom) ἐλάβομεν (we have received) χάριν (grace) καὶ (and) ἀποστολὴν (apostleship) εἰς (unto) ὑπακοὴν (obedience) πίστεως (of faith) ἐν (among) πᾶσιν (all) τοῖς (the) ἔθνεσιν (Gentiles) ὑπὲρ (on behalf of) τοῦ (the) ὀνόματος (name) αὐτοῦ (of Him), 6 ἐν (among) οἷς (whom) ἐστε (are) καὶ (also) ὑμεῖς (you) κλητοὶ (called) Ἰησοῦ (of Jesus) Χριστοῦ (Christ). 7 Πᾶσιν (To all) τοῖς (those) οὖσιν (being) ἐν (in) Ῥώμῃ (Rome), ἀγαπητοῖς (beloved) Θεοῦ (of God), κλητοῖς (called) ἁγίοις (saints): Χάρις (Grace) ὑμῖν (to you) καὶ (and) εἰρήνη (peace) ἀπὸ (from) Θεοῦ (God) Πατρὸς (the Father) ἡμῶν (of us) καὶ (and) Κυρίου (the Lord) Ἰησοῦ (Jesus) Χριστοῦ (Christ). 8 Πρῶτον (First) μὲν (indeed), εὐχαριστῶ (I thank) τῷ (the) Θεῷ (God) μου (of me) διὰ (through) Ἰησοῦ (Jesus) Χριστοῦ (Christ) περὶ (for) πάντων (all) ὑμῶν (of you), ὅτι (because) ἡ (the) πίστις (faith) ὑμῶν (of you) καταγγέλλεται (is being proclaimed) ἐν (in) ὅλῳ (all) τῷ (the) κόσμῳ (world). 9 μάρτυς (Witness) γάρ (for) μού (my) ἐστιν (is) ὁ (-) Θεός (God), ᾧ (whom) λατρεύω (I serve) ἐν (in) τῷ (the) πνεύματί (spirit) μου (of me) ἐν (in) τῷ (the) εὐαγγελίῳ (gospel) τοῦ (of the) Υἱοῦ (Son) αὐτοῦ (of Him), ὡς (how) ἀδιαλείπτως (unceasingly) μνείαν (mention) ὑμῶν (of you) ποιοῦμαι (I make), 10 πάντοτε (always) ἐπὶ (upon) τῶν (the) προσευχῶν (prayers) μου (of me) δεόμενος (imploring), εἴ (if) πως (perhaps) ἤδη (now) ποτὲ (at last) εὐοδωθήσομαι (I will make a prosperous journey) ἐν (by) τῷ (the) θελήματι (will) τοῦ (-) Θεοῦ (of God), ἐλθεῖν (to come) πρὸς (to) ὑμᾶς (you). 11 ἐπιποθῶ (I long) γὰρ (for) ἰδεῖν (to see) ὑμᾶς (you), ἵνα (that) τι (some) μεταδῶ (I may impart) χάρισμα (gift) ὑμῖν (to you) πνευματικὸν (spiritual), εἰς (to) τὸ (the) στηριχθῆναι (strengthening) ὑμᾶς (of you), 12 τοῦτο (that) δέ (now) ἐστιν (is), συμπαρακληθῆναι (to be encouraged together) ἐν (among) ὑμῖν (you), διὰ (through) τῆς (the) ἐν (among) ἀλλήλοις (one another) πίστεως (faith) ὑμῶν (of you) τε (both) καὶ (and) ἐμοῦ (of me). 13 Οὐ (Not) θέλω (I do want) δὲ (now) ὑμᾶς (you) ἀγνοεῖν (to be ignorant), ἀδελφοί (brothers), ὅτι (that) πολλάκις (many times) προεθέμην (I purposed) ἐλθεῖν (to come) πρὸς (to) ὑμᾶς (you), καὶ (and) ἐκωλύθην (was hindered), ἄχρι (until) τοῦ (the) δεῦρο (present), ἵνα (that) τινὰ (some) καρπὸν (fruit) σχῶ (I might have) καὶ (also) ἐν (among) ὑμῖν (you), καθὼς (as) καὶ (even) ἐν (among) τοῖς (the) λοιποῖς (other) ἔθνεσιν (Gentiles). 14 Ἕλλησίν (To Greeks) τε (both) καὶ (and) Βαρβάροις (to barbarians), σοφοῖς (to the wise) τε (both) καὶ (and) ἀνοήτοις (the foolish), ὀφειλέτης (a debtor) εἰμί (I am). 15 οὕτως (Thus) τὸ (-) κατ’ (as to) ἐμὲ (me there is) πρόθυμον (readiness) καὶ (also) ὑμῖν (to you) τοῖς (who are) ἐν (in) Ῥώμῃ (Rome), εὐαγγελίσασθαι (to preach the gospel). 16 Οὐ (Not) γὰρ (for) ἐπαισχύνομαι (I am ashamed of) τὸ (the) εὐαγγέλιον (gospel), δύναμις (the power) γὰρ (for) Θεοῦ (of God) ἐστιν (it is), εἰς (unto) σωτηρίαν (salvation) παντὶ (to everyone) τῷ (-) πιστεύοντι (believing)— Ἰουδαίῳ (to Jewish) τε (both) πρῶτον (first) καὶ (and) Ἕλληνι (to Greek). 17 δικαιοσύνη (The righteousness) γὰρ (for) Θεοῦ (of God) ἐν (in) αὐτῷ (it) ἀποκαλύπτεται (is revealed), ἐκ (from) πίστεως (faith) εἰς (to) πίστιν (faith), καθὼς (as) γέγραπται (it has been written): “Ὁ (-) δὲ (And) δίκαιος (the righteous) ἐκ (by) πίστεως (faith) ζήσεται (will live).” 18 Ἀποκαλύπτεται (Is revealed) γὰρ (for) ὀργὴ (the wrath) Θεοῦ (of God) ἀπ’ (from) οὐρανοῦ (heaven) ἐπὶ (upon) πᾶσαν (all) ἀσέβειαν (ungodliness) καὶ (and) ἀδικίαν (unrighteousness) ἀνθρώπων (of men), τῶν (-) τὴν (the) ἀλήθειαν (truth) ἐν (by) ἀδικίᾳ (unrighteousness) κατεχόντων (suppressing), 19 διότι (because) τὸ (the) γνωστὸν (known) τοῦ (-) Θεοῦ (of God) φανερόν (manifest) ἐστιν (is) ἐν (among) αὐτοῖς (them), ὁ (-) θεὸς (God) γὰρ (for) αὐτοῖς (to them) ἐφανέρωσεν (has revealed it). 20 τὰ (The) γὰρ (for) ἀόρατα (invisible qualities) αὐτοῦ (of Him) ἀπὸ (from) κτίσεως (the creation) κόσμου (of the world), τοῖς (by the) ποιήμασιν (things made) νοούμενα (being understood), καθορᾶται (are clearly seen), ἥ (the) τε (both) ἀΐδιος (eternal) αὐτοῦ (of Him) δύναμις (power) καὶ (and) θειότης (divinity), εἰς (for) τὸ (-) εἶναι (to be) αὐτοὺς (them) ἀναπολογήτους (without excuse). 21 Διότι (For) γνόντες (having known) τὸν (-) Θεὸν (God), οὐχ (not) ὡς (as) Θεὸν (God) ἐδόξασαν (they glorified Him), ἢ (or) ηὐχαρίστησαν (were thankful), ἀλλὰ (but) ἐματαιώθησαν (they became futile) ἐν (in) τοῖς (the) διαλογισμοῖς (thinking) αὐτῶν (of them), καὶ (and) ἐσκοτίσθη (was darkened) ἡ (the) ἀσύνετος (foolish) αὐτῶν (of them) καρδία (heart). 22 φάσκοντες (Professing) εἶναι (to be) σοφοὶ (wise), ἐμωράνθησαν (they became fools), 23 καὶ (and) ἤλλαξαν (they changed) τὴν (the) δόξαν (glory) τοῦ (of the) ἀφθάρτου (immortal) Θεοῦ (God) ἐν (into) ὁμοιώματι (a likeness) εἰκόνος (of an image) φθαρτοῦ (of mortal) ἀνθρώπου (man) καὶ (and) πετεινῶν (birds) καὶ (and) τετραπόδων (quadrupeds) καὶ (and) ἑρπετῶν (creeping things). 24 Διὸ (Therefore) παρέδωκεν (gave up) αὐτοὺς (them) ὁ (-) Θεὸς (God) ἐν (in) ταῖς (the) ἐπιθυμίαις (desires) τῶν (of the) καρδιῶν (hearts) αὐτῶν (of them) εἰς (to) ἀκαθαρσίαν (impurity) τοῦ (-) ἀτιμάζεσθαι (to dishonor) τὰ (the) σώματα (bodies) αὐτῶν (of them) ἐν (between) αὐτοῖς (themselves), 25 οἵτινες (who) μετήλλαξαν (changed) τὴν (the) ἀλήθειαν (truth) τοῦ (-) Θεοῦ (of God) ἐν (into) τῷ (the) ψεύδει (falsehood), καὶ (and) ἐσεβάσθησαν (reverenced) καὶ (and) ἐλάτρευσαν (served) τῇ (the) κτίσει (created thing) παρὰ (beyond) τὸν (the One) Κτίσαντα (having created it), ὅς (who) ἐστιν (is) εὐλογητὸς (blessed) εἰς (to) τοὺς (the) αἰῶνας (ages)! ἀμήν (Amen). 26 Διὰ (Because of) τοῦτο (this) παρέδωκεν (gave up) αὐτοὺς (them) ὁ (-) Θεὸς (God) εἰς (to) πάθη (passions) ἀτιμίας (of dishonor). αἵ (-) τε (Even) γὰρ (for) θήλειαι (females) αὐτῶν (of them) μετήλλαξαν (changed) τὴν (the) φυσικὴν (natural) χρῆσιν (use) εἰς (into) τὴν (that) παρὰ (contrary to) φύσιν (nature). 27 ὁμοίως (Likewise) τε (then) καὶ (also) οἱ (the) ἄρσενες (males), ἀφέντες (having left) τὴν (the) φυσικὴν (natural) χρῆσιν (use) τῆς (of the) θηλείας (female), ἐξεκαύθησαν (were inflamed) ἐν (in) τῇ (the) ὀρέξει (desire) αὐτῶν (of them) εἰς (toward) ἀλλήλους (one another), ἄρσενες (males) ἐν (with) ἄρσεσιν (males), τὴν (the) ἀσχημοσύνην (shame) κατεργαζόμενοι (working out), καὶ (and) τὴν (the) ἀντιμισθίαν (recompense) ἣν (which) ἔδει (was fitting) τῆς (of the) πλάνης (error) αὐτῶν (of them), ἐν (in) ἑαυτοῖς (themselves) ἀπολαμβάνοντες (receiving). 28 Καὶ (And) καθὼς (as) οὐκ (not) ἐδοκίμασαν (they did see fit) τὸν (-) Θεὸν (God) ἔχειν (to have) ἐν (in their) ἐπιγνώσει (knowledge), παρέδωκεν (gave up) αὐτοὺς (them) ὁ (-) Θεὸς (God) εἰς (to) ἀδόκιμον (a depraved) νοῦν (mind), ποιεῖν (to do) τὰ (things) μὴ (not) καθήκοντα (being proper); 29 πεπληρωμένους (being filled with) πάσῃ (all) ἀδικίᾳ (unrighteousness), πονηρίᾳ (wickedness), πλεονεξίᾳ (covetousness), κακίᾳ (malice); μεστοὺς (full) φθόνου (of envy), φόνου (murder), ἔριδος (strife), δόλου (deceit), κακοηθείας (maliciousness); ψιθυριστάς (gossips), 30 καταλάλους (slanderers), θεοστυγεῖς (hateful to God), ὑβριστάς (insolent), ὑπερηφάνους (arrogant), ἀλαζόνας (boastful); ἐφευρετὰς (inventors) κακῶν (of evil things), γονεῦσιν (to parents) ἀπειθεῖς (disobedient); 31 ἀσυνέτους (foolish), ἀσυνθέτους (untrustworthy), ἀστόργους (heartless), ἀνελεήμονας (unmerciful); 32 οἵτινες (who) τὸ (the) δικαίωμα (righteous decree) τοῦ (-) Θεοῦ (of God) ἐπιγνόντες (having known), ὅτι (that) οἱ (those) τὰ (such) τοιαῦτα (things) πράσσοντες (doing), ἄξιοι (worthy) θανάτου (of death) εἰσίν (are), οὐ (not) μόνον (only) αὐτὰ (them) ποιοῦσιν (are practicing), ἀλλὰ (but) καὶ (also) συνευδοκοῦσιν (are approving of) τοῖς (those) πράσσουσιν (practicing them).