ABU(i) 1 PAUL, a servant of Jesus Christ, a called apostle, set apart unto the gospel of God, 2 which he before announced through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures, 3 concerning his Son, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh, 4 who was declared to be the Son of God with power according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord; 5 through whom we received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all the nations, for his name's sake; 6 among whom are ye also, called of Jesus Christ; 7 to all the beloved of God that are in Rome, called to be saints: Grace to you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of in all the world. 9 For God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the gospel of his Son, how without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers; 10 making request, if haply now at length I may be prospered by the will of God to come to you. 11 For I long to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established; 12 that is, to be comforted together among you, by each other's faith, both yours and mine. 13 Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that often-times I purposed to come to you (but was hindered hitherto), that I might have some fruit among you also, as among the rest of the Gentiles. 14 I am debtor both to Greeks and Barbarians; both to wise and unwise. 15 So, as far as lies in me, I am ready to preach the good news to you also who are at Rome. 16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel; for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believes, to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. 17 For therein is revealed a righteousness of God, from faith to faith; as it is written: The just shall live by faith. 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; 19 because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God manifested it to them. 20 For, from the creation of the world, his invisible things are clearly seen, being perceived by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse. 21 Because, knowing God, they glorified him not as God, nor gave thanks; but became vain in their reasonings, and their foolish heart was darkened. 22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools; 23 and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things. 24 Wherefore God also gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to uncleanness, to dishonor their bodies among themselves; 25 who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshiped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen. 26 For this cause God gave them up to vile passions; for their women changed the natural use into that which is against nature; 27 and in like manner the men also, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves the recompense of their error which was meet. 28 And as they did not choose to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not becoming; 29 being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malignity; whisperers, 30 slanderers, haters of God, overbearing, proud, boasters, devisers of evil things, disobedient to parents, 31 without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful; 32 who, knowing the judgment of God, that they who commit such things are worthy of death, not only do them, but have pleasure in those who do them.