Thomson(i) 1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, a called apostle, set apart for the gospel of God, 2 which he promised heretofore by his prophets in the Holy Scriptures 3 concerning his son, [him who was of a seed of David with respect to flesh 4 him who was determinately marked out as son of God by a power, according to a spirit of holiness, of rising up from the dead,] 5 [namely]] Jesus Christ, our Lord, by whom we have received favour and an apostolical mission, that for his name there may be an obedience of faith among all the nations, 6 among which you indeed are called ones of Jesus Christ 7 to all who are at Rome, beloved of God, called and consecrated; favour be to you, and peace from God our father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 8 In the first place, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your belief is celebrated throughout the whole world. 9 For God, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his son, is my witness how incessantly I make mention of you, intreating always in my prayers 10 that by the will of God I may at length have some how a favourable opportunity to come to you. 11 For I long to see you that I may impart to you some spiritual gift for your establishment, 12 that is, to partake of consolation among you by the faith which is mutually in us, both yours and my own. 13 Now, brethren, I would not have you ignorant that I have hitherto been hindered, though I have often heretofore purposed to come to you, that I might have some fruit among you even as among the other nations. 14 I am a debtor both to Greeks and barbarians, to both the learned and the unlearned, 15 so that as far as it rests with me, I am ready to publish the glad tidings to you also who are at Rome. 16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of the Christ; for it is the power of God for salvation to every one who believeth, to the Jew in the first place, and also to the Greek. 17 For by it there is revealed a justification of God's appointment because of belief, that we may believe. As it is written, "But the just shall live because of belief: 18 for the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of the men, who by unrighteousness repress truth. 19 Because that which is to be known of God is manifest among them, for God hath manifested it to them; 20 for his invisible attributes, both his eternal power and divine majesty, being thought upon, are from the creation of the world clearly discoverable by the things made, so that they are without excuse 21 because when they knew God, they did not glorify him as God, nor give him thanks, but became vain by their ill- grounded reasonings, and their foolish heart was darkened; 22 pretending to be wise, they became fools, 23 and changed the glory of the incorruptible God for an image representing coruptible man, and birds, and four footed beasts, and reptiles; 24 therefore God delivered them up, by the desires of their own hearts, to impurity, that by themselves their own bodies might be dishonoured. 25 They changed the truth of God for a falsity, and worshipped and served the creature, and not the creator who is blessed forever, Amen: 26 therefore God gave them up to infamous passions; for even their women perverted the instinct of nature; 27 and in like manner the males also leaving the sex, were inflamed with desires towards each other, which they most shamefully indulged, men with men, and received in themselves the retribution which was justly due to their error. 28 And as they did not search out God to have constantly a due sense of him, God gave them up to an undiscerning mind to do things unseemly, 29 filled as they were with all manner of injustice, lewdness, maliciousness, covetousness, mischief, being full of envy, murder, contention, fraud, evil habits; being whisperers, 30 backbiters, haters of God, insulters of men, insolent, boastful, inventors of evils, disobedient to parents, 31 without understanding, covenant breakers, void of natural affection, implacable, unmerciful. 32 Some having recognised God's law, That they who do such things deserve death, not only do the same things themselves, but have even a complacency in them who commit them;