Sawyer(i) 1 (1:1) PAUL, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle, set apart to the gospel of God,— 2 which he promised by his prophets in the Holy Scriptures,— 3 concerning his Son born of the posterity of David as to the flesh, 4 declared to be the Son of God in power as to the Spirit of holiness by the resurrection from the dead,—Jesus Christ our Lord,— 5 through whom we have received grace and an apostleship for the obedience of the faith in all nations in behalf of his name, 6 among whom are you also the called of Jesus Christ,— 7 to all who are at Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints. Grace be to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 8 (1:2) First, indeed, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is proclaimed in all the world. 9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, how incessantly I make mention of you, always in my prayers 10 asking if by any means I may now at some time have a prosperous journey by the will of God to come to you. 11 For I greatly desire to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift, that you may be strengthened, 12 that is, that I may be comforted in you by the mutual faith both of you and me. 13 (1:3) But I wish you not to be ignorant, brothers, that I often purposed to come to you, and was hindered hitherto, that I might have some fruit also among you, as among the other gentiles. 14 I am a debtor both to the Greeks and the Barbarians, both to the wise and the ignorant; 15 so that as far as depends upon me I am ready also to preach the gospel to those at Rome. 16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel; for it is the power of God to salvation to every one that believes, the Jew first and also the Greek. 17 For God's righteousness is revealed in it by faith in the faith [the gospel]; as it is written; The righteous shall live by faith. 18 (2:1) FOR the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all impiety and wickedness of men who hold the truth in wickedness, 19 because what can be known of God is manifest among them; for God has manifested [himself] to them. 20 For his invisible [attributes] are clearly seen from the creation of the world, being perceived by the things which are made, even his eternal power and deity, so that they have no defense, 21 because having known God they glorified him not as God neither were thankful, but became vain in their reasonings and their ignorant mind was darkened. 22 Saying that they were wise they became foolish, 23 and changed the glory of the imperishable God into the likeness of the image of perishable man, and of birds, and quadrupeds, and reptiles. 24 (2:2) Wherefore God also gave them up with the desires of their hearts to impurity, to disgrace their bodies among themselves, 25 who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creation more than the Creator, who is blessed forever, amen. 26 (2:3) Therefore God gave them up to infamous affections; for their females changed a natural enjoyment for that which is against nature, 27 and in like manner also the males, leaving the natural enjoyment of the female, became the subjects of inordinate desires for each other, males with males committing indecency, and receiving in return the recompense of their error which was fit. 28 (2:4) And as they did not choose to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them up to a reprobate mind, to do things which are not proper, 29 being filled with all wickedness, malice, covetousness, vice, full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, evil dispositions, whisperers, 30 evil speakers, haters of God, injurious, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, 31 unintelligent, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, unmerciful, 32 who knowing the ordinance of God, that those who do such things deserve death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in those who do them.