- ὅ ἐστι
- which is
- G:V
- 1. as Substantive Verb,
**to be, to exist**, οὐκ ἔσθ᾽ οὗτος ἀνήρ, οὐδ᾽ ἔσσεται [8th/7th c.BC]; τεθνηῶτος, μηδ᾽ ἔτ᾽ ἐόντος [8th/7th c.BC]; οὐκέτ᾽ ἔστι he**is no more**, [Refs 5th c.BC]; θεοὶ αἰὲν ἐόντες [8th/7th c.BC]; ἐσσόμενοι posterity, [8th/7th c.BC]; ζώντων καὶ ὄντων Ἀθηναίων [Refs 4th c.BC]:—;so of cities, etc., ὄλωλεν, οὐδ᾽ ἔτ᾽ ἔστι Τροία (cf.**Troja fuit)**, [Refs 5th c.BC]

2. of things,**to be, exist**, εἰ ἔστιν ἀληθέως [ ἡ τράπεζα] [Refs 5th c.BC]; ἕως ἂν ὁ πόλεμος ἦι so long as it**last**, [Refs 5th c.BC]

3.**to be**, opp. to**appearing to be**, as**esse**to**videri**, τὸν ἐόντα λόγον the**true**story, [Refs 5th c.BC]; τὰ ὄντα ἀπαγγέλλειν [Refs 5th c.BC]; τῶι ὄντι, Lat. revera, in reality, in fact, [5th/4th c.BC]

4. foll. by the Relative, οὐκ ἔστιν ὅς,**no one**, [8th/7th c.BC], etc.; εἰσὶν οἵ, Lat. sunt qui, [Refs 5th c.BC], etc.; ἐστὶν ἅ**some things**, [Refs 5th c.BC]; also ἔστιν οἵ, for εἰσὶν οἵ, [Refs 5th c.BC], etc.:—;so withrelat. Particles, ἔστιν ἔνθα, Lat. est ubi, [5th/4th c.BC], etc.; ἔστιν ὅπη, ἔσθ᾽ ὅπου,**somewhere**, or**somehow**, [5th/4th c.BC], etc.; ἔστιν ὅπως**in some manner**, [Refs 5th c.BC], etc.; ἔστιν ὅτε, ἔσθ᾽ ὅτε,**sometimes**, [Refs 5th c.BC], etc.

5. ἔστι impers., c. inf., like πάρεστι,**it is possible**, [8th/7th c.BC], attic

6.**to be**, Copula connecting predicate with subject, both being in the same case, [8th/7th c.BC], etc.

7. sometimes εἶναι with Part. represents finite Verb, ἦν τεθνηκώς, for ἐτεθνήκει, [6th/5th c.BC]; πεφυκός ἐστι = πέφυκε, [5th/4th c.BC]

8. the Inf. is redundant in some phrases, ἑκὼν εἶναι (v. ἑκών II); τὸ ἐπ᾽ ἐκείνοις εἶναι**quantum in illis esset**, [Refs 5th c.BC]; τὸ σύμπαν εἶναι [Refs 5th c.BC]; τὸ νῦν εἶναι [5th/4th c.BC], etc. (ML)