- to exist
with various uses and significations, like the English verb to be.
__I. As substantive verb.
__1. Of persons and things, to be, exist:, al; ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν (for past ptcp.),
RefsAct.17:28, Jhn.1:1, 8:58, 17:5(see Swete, Ap., 5; M, Pr., 228); τὰ (μὴ) ὄντα,
RefsRev.1:4, 8, 4:8, 11:17, 16:5.
__2. Of times, events, etc., to be, happen, take place:
RefsMat.24:3, Mrk.14:2, 15:42, Luk.21:23, Jhn.4:6, 23, 5:10, al.
__3. to be present, be in a place, have come:; before εἰς, Mrk.2:1; before ἐκ, (ἐξ),
RefsMat.2:13, 15, Mrk.1:45, 5:21, 15:40, Luk.1:80, 5:29, Jhn.7:30, al.
RefsMat.1:20, 21:25, Mrk.11:30, Jhn.3:31, al.
__4. Impers., ἔστι, ἦν, etc.;
__(a) there is (Fr. il y a), was, etc.:; with dative (of the possessor; Bl., §37, 3),
RefsMat.16:28, Luk.16:19, Jhn.3:1, 5:2, Rom.3:10, al.; ἔστιν ὅς, ὅστις (chiefly in pl),
RefsMat.16:22, Luk.1:7, Jhn.18.10, Rom.9:2, al.;
RefsMat.16:28, 19:2, Mrk.9:1, al.
__(b) with inf., = ἔξεστιν (which see), it is possible:, RV (but see ICC, in l.).
__II. As copula uniting subject and predicate.
__1. Expressing simply identity or equivalence:mult.
RefsMat.5:13, 14:15, Luk.1:18, 19, Jhn.1:1, 4:19, Rev.3:9, al.
__2. Explicative, as in parable, figure, type, etc.:; ταῦτ᾽ ἔστιν,
RefsMat.13:19, 1Co.9:2, 10:4, 11:25, Gal.4:24, Rev.17:15, al.; ὅ ἐστιν,
RefsMat.27:46, Mrk.7:2, Rom.7:18 al.; akin to this is the sacramental usage:
RefsMrk.3:17, Col.1:24, Heb.7:2, al.(see ICC on Mk, I Co, ll. with; DB, iii, 148 f.).
RefsMat.26:26-28, Mrk.14:22, 24, Luk.22:19, 1Co.11:24
__3. C. genitive: qual., etc.,; part.,
RefsMrk.5:42, Luk.3:23, 1Co.14:33, Heb.12:11, al.; poss.,
Refs1Ti.1:20, 2Ti.1:15; of service or partisanship,
RefsMat.5:3, 10, Mrk.12:7, Luk.4:7.
RefsRom.8:9, 1Co.1:12, 2Co.10:7, 2Ti.2:19
__4. C. dative (BL, §37, 3):
RefsAct.1:8, 9:15, Rom.4:12, 1Co.1:18, 2:14, Rev.21:7, al.
__5. C. ptcp., as a periphrasis for the simple verb (Bl., §62, 1, 2; M, Pr., 225 ff.);
__(a) with ptcp. pf. (cl.):, al;
RefsMat.10:30, Luk.9:32, Jhn.3:24, Act.21:35, 1Co.15:19
__(b) with ptcp. pr. (esp. in impf., as in Heb. and Aram.; Dalman, Words, 35 f.),mult., id. for imper. (M, Pr., 180f., 182f.), with ellipsis of εἰμί,
RefsMat.7:29, Mrk.1:22, Luk.4:31, 14:1, Act.1:10, al.;
RefsRom.12:9, 10, Heb.13:5, al.
__(with) with ptcp. aor. (cl), Luk.23:9.
__6. Seq. εἰς (cf. Heb. הָיָה לְ), a vernac. usage (M, Pr., 71):
RefsMat.19:5, Mrk.10:8, Heb.8:10, al.
__7. C. adv.:
RefsMat.19:20, Mrk.4:26, Luk.18:11, al.
__(a) of the copula (Bl., §30, 3):;
RefsMat.8:29, 24:32, Jhn.21:22, 23, Heb.6:4, al.
__(b) of the predicate: ἐγώ εἰμί,; absol. (cf. Deu.32:39; אֲנִי הוּא),
RefsMat.14:27, Mrk.6:50, al.(cf. ἄπ-, ἔν-, πάρ-, συμ-πάρ-, σύν-ειμι).
RefsMrk.13:6, Jhn.4:26, al.
Present infinitive from G1510; to exist
KJV Usage: am, are, come, is, X lust after, X please well, there is, to be, was.