H5647 עבד - Strong's Hebrew Lexicon Number

A primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.

KJV Usage: X be, keep in bondage, be bondmen, bond-service, compel, do, dress, ear, execute, + husbandman, keep, labour (-ing man), bring to pass, (cause to, make to) serve (-ing, self), (be, become) servant (-s), do (use) service, till (-er), transgress [from margin], (set a) work, be wrought, worshipper.

Brown-Driver-Briggs' Hebrew Definitions



1. to work, serve
a. (Qal)
1. to labour, work, do work
2. to work for another, serve another by labour
3. to serve as subjects
4. to serve (God)
5. to serve (with Levitical service)
b. (Niphal)
1. to be worked, be tilled (of land)
2. to make oneself a servant
c. (Pual) to be worked
d. (Hiphil)
1. to compel to labour or work, cause to labour, cause to serve
2. to cause to serve as subjects
e. (Hophal) to be led or enticed to serve
Origin: a primitive root
TWOT: 1553
Parts of Speech: Verb

to serve
1) to work, serve
1a) (Qal)
1a1) to labour, work, do work
1a2) to work for another, serve another by labour
1a3) to serve as subjects
1a4) to serve (God)
1a5) to serve (with Levitical service)
1b) (Niphal)
1b1) to be worked, be tilled (of land)
1b2) to make oneself a servant
1c) (Pual) to be worked
1d) (Hiphil)
1d1) to compel to labour or work, cause to labour, cause to serve
1d2) to cause to serve as subjects
1e) (Hophal) to be led or enticed to serve

View how H5647 עבד is used in the Bible

First 30 of 293 occurrences of H5647 עבד

Genesis 2:5 to till
Genesis 2:15 to tend
Genesis 3:23 to till
Genesis 4:2 was a tiller
Genesis 4:12 thou tillest
Genesis 14:4 they served
Genesis 15:13 that is not theirs, and shall serve
Genesis 15:14 which they shall serve,
Genesis 25:23 shall serve
Genesis 27:29 serve
Genesis 27:40 and shalt serve
Genesis 29:15 shouldest thou therefore serve
Genesis 29:18 I will serve
Genesis 29:20 served
Genesis 29:25 to me? did I not serve
Genesis 29:27 which thou shalt serve
Genesis 29:30 and served
Genesis 30:26 whom I have served
Genesis 30:26 which I have done
Genesis 30:29 I have served
Genesis 31:6 I have served
Genesis 31:41 I served thee
Genesis 49:15 and became a slave
Exodus 1:13 made
Exodus 1:13 to serve
Exodus 1:14 in which they made them serve,
Exodus 3:12 ye shall serve
Exodus 4:23 that he may serve
Exodus 5:18 therefore now, and work;
Exodus 6:5 keep in bondage;

Distinct usage

25 and serve
24 and served
17 to serve
11 serve
10 served
9 shall serve
8 that they may serve
6 to do
3 that we should serve
3 me, and served
3 them, and served
2 I have served
2 ye, serve
2 And ye shall serve
2 to serve,
2 and they served
2 and have served
2 and we will serve
2 that will not serve
2 Ye shall not serve
2 that none should retain
2 He that tilleth
2 to till
2 thyself to them, nor serve
1 to tend
1 they served
1 which they shall serve,
1 and shalt serve
1 shouldest thou therefore serve
1 to me? did I not serve
1 which thou shalt serve
1 whom I have served
1 which I have done
1 I served thee
1 and became a slave
1 in which they made them serve,
1 ye shall serve
1 that he may serve
1 not with what we must serve
1 that thou shalt keep
1 from serving
1 that we may serve
1 for us to serve
1 shalt thou labour,
1 he shall serve:
1 nor serve
1 against me: for if thou shalt serve
1 thou shalt work,
1 to thee; thou shalt not compel
1 for them: so shall they serve.
1 of it, and shall serve
1 and ye shall serve:
1 And there ye shall serve
1 thou shalt labour,
1 him shalt thou serve,
1 and let us serve
1 to thee, and serve
1 to thee, in serving
1 thou shalt do no work
1 to thee, and they shall serve

Corresponding Greek Words

avad G1399,1400 & G1401 doulos
avad G142 airo
avad G599 apo thnesko
avad G1092 georgos
avad G1587 ek leipo
avad G2038 ergazomai
avad G2041 ergon
avad G3000 latreuo
avad G3008 leitourgeo
avad G4352 pros kuneo
avad G4921 sun istemi
avad G5255 hupekoos
avad aph. G615 apo kteino
avad aph. G1554 ek didomi
avad aph. G1806 ex ago
avad hi. G2616 kata dunasteuo
avad hi. G4060 peri tithemi
avad ith. G1096 ginomai
avad pi,hi G1842 ex olethreuo
avad pi. see G683 st. ap otheo
avad pi. G853 aphanizo
avad pi. G1808 ex airo
avad pi. G2679 kata skapto
avad qal,hi G4160 poieo
avad qal,ni G2716 kat ergazomai
avad qal,ni,pu G2038 ergazomai
avad qal,pi G684 apoleia
avad qal,pi,hi,pe G622 ap ollumi
avad qal,pu,hi G1398 douleuo
avad qal.,hi. G1402 douloo
avad qal.,hi. G2615 kata douloo
laavod G2041 ergon

Related words


H4566 מעבּד ma‛bâd
From H5647; an act

KJV Usage: work.

H5648 עבד ‛ăbad
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5647; to do, make, prepare, keep, etc.

KJV Usage: X cut, do, execute, go on, make, move, work.

H5650 עבד ‛ebed
From H5647; a servant

KJV Usage: X bondage, bondman, [bond-] servant, (man-) servant.

H5652 עבד ‛ăbâd
From H5647; a deed

KJV Usage: work.

H5653 עבדּא ‛abdâ'
From H5647; work; Abda, the name of two Israelites

KJV Usage: Abda.

H5654 עבד אדום ‛ôbêd 'ĕdôm
עבד אדום
‛ôbêd 'ĕdôm
o-bade' ed-ome'
From the active participle of H5647 and H123; worker of Edom; Obed-Edom, the name of five Israelites

KJV Usage: Obed-edom.

H5655 עבדּאל ‛abde'êl
From H5647 and H410; serving God; Abdeel, an Israelite

KJV Usage: Abdeel.

Compare H5661.

H5656 עבודה עבדה ‛ăbôdâh ‛ăbôdâh
עבודה עבדה
‛ăbôdâh ‛ăbôdâh
ab-o-daw', ab-o-daw'
From H5647; work of any kind

KJV Usage: act, bondage, + bondservant, effect, labour, ministering (-try), office, service (-ile, -itude), tillage, use, work, X wrought.

H5657 עבדּה ‛ăbûddâh
Passive participle of H5647; something wrought, that is, (concretely) service

KJV Usage: household, store of servants.

H5658 עבדון ‛abdôn
From H5647; servitude; Abdon, the name of a place in Palestine and of four Israelites

KJV Usage: Abdon.

Compare H5683.

H5659 עבדוּת ‛abdûth
From H5647; servitude

KJV Usage: bondage.

H5660 עבדּי ‛abdı̂y
From H5647; serviceable; Abdi, the name of two Israelites

KJV Usage: Abdi.

H5662 עבדיהוּ עבדיה ‛ôbadyâh ‛ôbadyâhû
עבדיהוּ עבדיה
‛ôbadyâh ‛ôbadyâhû
o-bad-yaw', o-bad-yaw'-hoo
Active participle of H5647 and H3050; serving Jah; Obadjah, the name of thirteen Israelites

KJV Usage: Obadiah.

H5744 עובד ‛ôbêd
Active participle of H5647; serving; Obed, the name of five Israelites

KJV Usage: Obed.