Recompence, Recompense - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Recompence, Recompense

[ A-1,Noun,G468, antapodoma ]
akin to antapodidomi, to recompense" (See below), lit., "a giving back in return" (anti, "in return," apo, back, didomi, "to give"), a requital, recompence, is used
(a) in a favorable sense, Luke 14:12;
(b) in an unfavorable sense, Romans 11:9, indicating that the present condition of the Jewish nation is the retributive effect of their transgressions, on account of which that which was designed as a blessing ("their table") has become a means of judgment.

[ A-2,Noun,G469, antapodosis ]
derived, like No. 1, from antapodidomi, is rendered "recompense" in Colossians 3:24, RV (AV, "reward").

[ A-3,Noun,G489, antimisthia ]
"a reward, requital" (anti, "in return," misthos, "wages, hire"), is used
(a) in a good sense, 2 Corinthians 6:13;
(b) in a bad sense, Romans 1:27.

[ A-4,Noun,G3405, misthapodosia ]
"a payment of wages" (from mithos, See No. 3, and apodidomi, B, No. 2), "a recompence," is used
(a) of reward, Hebrews 10:35; Hebrews 11:26;
(b) of punishment, Hebrews 2:2. Cp. misthapodotes, "a rewarder," Hebrews 11:6.

[ B-1,Verb,G467, antapodidomi ]
akin to A, No. 1 and No. 2, "to give back as an equivalent, to requite, recompense" (the anti expressing the idea of a complete return), is translated "render" in 1 Thessalonians 3:9, here only in the NT of thanksgiving to God (cp. the Sept. of Psalms 116:12); elsewhere it is used of "recompense," "whether between men (but in that case only of good, not of evil, See No. 2 in 1 Thessalonians 5:15), Luke 14:14, cp. the corresponding noun in Luke 14:12; or between God and evil-doers, Romans 12:19, RV (AV, "repay"); Hebrews 10:30, cp. the noun in Romans 11:9; or between God and those who do well, Luke 14:14; Romans 11:35, cp. the noun in Colossians 3:24; in 2 Thessalonians 1:6 both reward and retribution are in view." * [* From Notes on Thessalonians, by Hogg and Vine, p. 226.]

[ B-2,Verb,G591, apodidomi ]
"to give up or back, restore, return," is translated "shall recompense" in the RV of Matthew 6:4, Matthew 6:6, Matthew 6:18 (AV, "shall reward"); in Romans 12:17, AV, "recompense" (RV, "render"); in 1 Thessalonians 5:15, "render," See DELIVER, GIVE, PAY, PERFORM, RENDER, REPAY, REQUITE, RESTORE, REWARD, SELL, YIELD.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words