Cast - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ A-1,Verb,G906, ballo ]
to throw, hurl, in contrast to striking," is frequent in the four Gospels and Revelation; elsewhere it is used only in Acts. In Matthew 5:30 some mss. have this verb (AV, "should be cast"); the most authentic have aperchomai, "to go away," RV, "go." See ARISE, BEAT, DUNG, LAY, POUR, PUT, SEND, STRIKE, THROW, THRUST.

[ A-2,Verb,G4496, rhipto ]
denotes "to throw with a sudden motion, to jerk, cast forth;" "cast down," Matthew 15:30; Matthew 27:5; "thrown down," Luke 4:35; "thrown," Luke 17:2 (AV, "cast"); rhipteo in Acts 22:23 (AV, "cast off"), of the "casting" off of clothes (in the next sentence ballo, No. 1, is used of "casting" dust into the air); in Acts 27:19 "cast out," of the tackling of a ship; in Acts 27:29 "let go" (AV, "cast"), of anchors; in Matthew 9:36, "scattered," said of sheep. See THROW, SCATTER.

[ A-3,Verb,G1601, ekpipto ]
lit., "to fall out," is translated "be cast ashore," in Acts 27:29, RV, AV, "have fallen upon." See EFFECT, FAIL, FALL, NOUGHT.

*A number of compound verbs consisting of ballo or rhipto, with prepositions prefixed, denote to cast, with a corresponding English preposition. Compounds of ballo are:

[ A-4,Verb,G577, apoballo ]
"to throw off from, to lay aside, to cast away," Mark 10:50; Hebrews 10:35.

Note: Apobole, "casting away" (akin to No. 4), is used of Israel in Romans 11:15; elsewhere, Acts 27:22, "loss" (of life).

[ A-5,Verb,G1544, ekballo ]
"to cast out of, from, forth," is very frequent in the Gospels and Acts; elsewhere, in Galatians 4:30; 3 John 1:10; in James 2:25, "sent out;" in Revelation 11:2, "leave out" (marg., "cast without"). See BRING, No. 28, DRIVE, EXPEL, LEAVE, PLUCK, PULL, PUT, SEND, TAKE, THRUST.

[ A-6,Verb,G1685, emballo ]
"to cast into," is used in Luke 12:5.

[ A-7,Verb,G1911, epiballo ]
"to cast on, or upon," is used in this sense in Mark 11:7; 1 Corinthians 7:35. See BEAT (No. 5), FALL, No. 11, LAY, PUT, No. 8, STRETCH.

[ A-8,Verb,G2598, kataballo ]
signifies "to cast down," 2 Corinthians 4:9, AV, "cast down," RV, "smitten down;" Hebrews 6:1, "laying." See LAY. Some mss. have this verb in Revelation 12:10 (for ballo).

[ A-9,Verb,G906, amphiballo ]
to cast around, occurs Mark 1:16.

[ A-10,Verb,G4016, periballo ]
"to cast about, or around," is used in 23 of its 24 occurrences, of putting on garments, clothing, etc.; it is translated "cast about" in Mark 14:51; Acts 12:8; in Luke 19:43, used of "casting" up a bank or palisade against a city (See RV and marg.), AV, "shall cast a trench about thee." See CLOTHE, No. 6, PUT.

*Compounds of rhipto are:

[ A-11,Verb,G641, aporipto ]
"to cast off," Acts 27:43, of shipwrecked people in throwing themselves into the water.

[ A-12,Verb,G1977, epiripto ]
"to cast upon,"
(a) lit., "of casting garments on a colt," Luke 19:35;
(b) figuratively, "of casting care upon God," 1 Peter 5:7.

*Other verbs are:

[ A-13,Verb,G683, apotheo ]
"to thrust away" (apo, "away," otheo, "to thrust"), in the NT used in the Middle Voice, signifying "to thrust from oneself, to cast off, by way of rejection," Acts 7:27, Acts 7:39; Acts 13:46; Romans 11:1-Romans 11:2; 1 Timothy 1:19. See PUT and THRUST.

[ A-14,Verb,G2507, kathaireo ]
kata, "down," haireo, "to take, to cast down, demolish," in 2 Corinthians 10:5, of strongholds and imaginations. See DESTROY, PULL, PUT, TAKE.

Note: The corresponding noun kathairesis, "a casting down," is so rendered in 2 Corinthians 10:4 (AV, "pulling down") and 2 Corinthians 13:10 (AV, "destruction").

[ A-15,Verb,G1260, dialogizomai ]
"to reason" (dia, "through," logizomai, "to reason"), is translated "cast in (her) mind," Luke 1:29. See DISPUTE, MUSING, REASON, THINK.

[ A-16,Verb,G659, apotithemi ]
"to put off, lay aside," denotes, in the Middle Voice, "to put off from oneself, cast off," used figuratively of works of darkness, Romans 13:12, "let us cast off," (aorist tense, denoting a definite act). See LAY, No. 8, PUT, No. 5.

[ A-17,Verb,G1260, ektithemi ]
"to expose, cast out" (ek, "out," tithemi, "to put"), is said of a new-born child in Acts 7:21. In Acts 7:19 "cast out" translates the phrase poieo, "to make," with ekthetos, "exposed," a verbal form of ektithemi. See EXPOUND.

[ A-18,Verb,G4014, periaireo ]
"to take away," is used in Acts 27:40, as a nautical term, RV, "casting off," AV, "taken up." See TAKE.


(1) For zemioo, "cast away," Luke 9:25, See FORFEIT.

(2) For katakremnizo, Luke 4:29 (AV, "cast down headlong"), See THROW.

(3) For oneidizo, Matthew 27:44 (AV, "cast in one's teeth"), See REPROACH.

(4) For paradidomi, Matthew 4:12 (AV, "cast into prison"), See DELIVER.

(5) For atheteo, 1 Timothy 5:12 (AV, "cast off"), See REJECT.

(6) For ekteino, Acts 27:30 (AV, "cast out"), See LAY No. 13.

(7) For tapeinos, 2 Corinthians 7:6 (AV, "cast down"), See LOWLY.

[ B-1,Noun,G1000, bole ]
denotes "a throw" (akin to ballo, "to throw"), and is used in Luke 22:21 in the phrase "a stone's cast," of the distance from which the Lord was parted from the disciples in the garden of Gethsemane.

Note: In James 1:17, aposkiasma (from aposkiazo, "to cast a shadow"), is rendered "shadow that is cast," RV.

[ C-1,Adjective,G96, adokimos ]
signifies not standing the test, rejected,
(a), negative, and dokimos, "tested, approved;" it is said of things, e.g., the land, Hebrews 6:8, "rejected," and of persons, Romans 1:28, "reprobate;" 1 Corinthians 9:27, AV, "castaway," RV "rejected" (i.e., disapproved, and so rejected from present testimony, with loss of future reward); 2 Corinthians 13:5-7, "reprobate" (sing. in RV in each verse), i.e., that will not stand the test; 2 Timothy 3:8, "reprobate (concerning the faith)," Titus 1:16, "reprobate." See REJECT, REPROBATE.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words