H7673 שׁבת - Strong's Hebrew Lexicon Number

A primitive root; to repose, that is, desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causatively, figuratively or specifically)

KJV Usage: (cause to, let, make to) cease, celebrate, cause (make) to fail, keep (sabbath), suffer to be lacking, leave, put away (down), (make to) rest, rid, still, take away.

Brown-Driver-Briggs' Hebrew Definitions


1. to cease, desist, rest
a. (Qal)
1. to cease
2. to rest, desist (from labour)
b. (Niphal) to cease
c. (Hiphil)
1. to cause to cease, put an end to
2. to exterminate, destroy
3. to cause to desist from
4. to remove
5. to cause to fail
2. (Qal) to keep or observe the sabbath
Origin: a primitive root
TWOT: 2323, 2323c
Parts of Speech: Verb

View how H7673 שׁבת is used in the Bible

First 30 of 67 occurrences of H7673 שׁבת

Genesis 2:2 and he rested
Genesis 2:3 that in it he had rested
Genesis 8:22 shall not cease.
Exodus 5:5 and ye make them rest
Exodus 12:15 ye shall put away
Exodus 16:30 rested
Exodus 23:12 thou shalt rest:
Exodus 31:17 he rested,
Exodus 34:21 thou shalt rest:
Exodus 34:21 thou shalt rest.
Leviticus 2:13 to be lacking
Leviticus 23:32 shall ye celebrate
Leviticus 25:2 keep
Leviticus 26:6 and I will rid
Leviticus 26:34 rest,
Leviticus 26:35 it shall rest;
Leviticus 26:35 because it did not rest
Deuteronomy 32:26 of them to cease
Joshua 5:12 ceased
Joshua 22:25 make
Joshua 22:25 cease
Ruth 4:14 who hath not left
2 Kings 23:5 And he put down
2 Kings 23:11 And he took away
2 Chronicles 16:5 cease.
2 Chronicles 36:21 it kept sabbath,
Nehemiah 4:11 to cease.
Nehemiah 6:3 cease,
Job 32:1 ceased
Psalms 8:2 that thou mightest still

Distinct usage

7 to cease
6 to cease,
2 thou shalt rest:
2 ceased
2 to cease.
2 ceased!
2 also shall cease
2 to cease;
1 and he rested
1 that in it he had rested
1 shall not cease.
1 and ye make them rest
1 ye shall put away
1 rested
1 he rested,
1 thou shalt rest.
1 to be lacking
1 shall ye celebrate
1 keep
1 and I will rid
1 rest,
1 it shall rest;
1 because it did not rest
1 of them to cease
1 make
1 cease
1 who hath not left
1 And he put down
1 And he took away
1 cease.

Corresponding Greek Words

shavat G142 airo
shavat G373 ana pauo
shavat G2270 hesuchazo
shavat hi. G526 ap allotrioo
shavat hi. G654 apo strepho
shavat hi. G851 aph aireo
shavat hi. G853 aphanizo
shavat hi. G2616 kata dunasteuo
shavat hi. G2618 kata kaio
shavat hi. G3870 para kaleo
shavat ni,hi G622 ap ollumi
shavat ni. G4937 sun tribo
shavat qal,hi G1587 ek leipo
shavat qal,hi G3973 pauo
shavat qal.,hi. G2647 kata luo
shavat qal.,hi. G2664 kata pauo