Trouble (Noun and Verb) - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Trouble (Noun and Verb)

[ A-1,Noun,G2347, thlipsis ]
for which See AFFLICTION, No. 4, and TRIBULATION, is rendered trouble" in the AV of 1 Corinthians 7:28 (RV, "tribulation"); 2 Corinthians 1:4 (2nd clause), 2 Corinthians 1:8 (RV, "affliction").

Note: In some mss. tarache, "an agitation, disturbance, trouble," is found in Mark 13:8 (plur.); John 5:4 (RV omits).

[ B-1,Verb,G5015, tarasso ]
akin to tarache (A, Note), is used

(1) in a physical sense, John 5:7 (in some mss. John 5:4),

(2) metaphorically,
(a) of the soul and spirit of the Lord, John 11:33, where the true rendering is "He troubled Himself;"
(b) of the hearts of disciples, John 14:1, John 14:27;
(c) of the minds of those in fear or perplexity, Matthew 2:3; Matthew 14:26; Mark 6:50; Luke 1:12; Luke 24:38; 1 Peter 3:14;
(d) of subverting the souls of believers, by evil doctrine, Acts 15:24; Galatians 1:7; Galatians 5:10;
(e) of stirring up a crowd, Acts 17:8; Acts 17:13 in the best texts, "troubling (the multitudes)," RV.

[ B-2,Verb,G1298, diatarasso ]
"to agitate greatly" (dia, "throughout," and No. 1), is used of the Virgin Mary, Luke 1:29.

[ B-3,Verb,G1613, ektarasso ]
"to throw into great trouble, agitate," is used in Acts 16:20, "do exceedingly trouble (our city)." In the Sept., Psalms 18:4; Psalms 88:16.

[ B-4,Verb,G2346, thlibo ]
"to afflict," is rendered "to trouble" in the AV, e.g., 2 Corinthians 4:8 (RV, "pressed"); 2 Corinthians 7:5, but never in the RV: See AFFLICT, No. 4, PRESS, STRAITENED, TRIBULATION.

[ B-5,Verb,G1776, enochleo ]
from en, "in," ochlos, "a throng, crowd," is used in Hebrews 12:15 of a root of bitterness; in Luke 6:18 (in the best texts; some have ochleo), RV, "were troubled" (AV, "were vexed").

[ B-6,Verb,G3926, parenochleo ]
"to annoy concerning anything" (para, and No. 5), occurs in Acts 15:19, "we trouble (not them)."

[ B-7,Verb,G4660, skullo ]
primarily "to flay," hence, "to vex, annoy" ("there was a time when the Greek, in thus speaking, compared his trouble to the pains of flaying alive," Moulton, Proleg., p. 89), is used in the Active Voice in Mark 5:35; Luke 8:49; in the Passive Voice, Matthew 9:36, in the best texts, RV, "they were distressed" (some have ekluo, AV, "they fainted"); in the Middle Voice, Luke 7:6, "trouble (not thyself)." The word is frequent in the papyri.

[ B-8,Verb,G387, anastatoo ]
is rendered "trouble" in Galatians 5:12, AV: See STIR, No. 12, TURN, No. 15, UPROAR.

[ B-9,Verb,G2350, thorubeo ]
akin to thorubos, "a tumult," in the Middle Voice, "to make an uproar," is rendered "trouble not yourselves" in Acts 20:10, AV. See ADO, TUMULT.

[ B-10,Verb,G2360, throeo ]
"to make an outcry" (throos, "a tumult"), is used in the Passive Voice, Matthew 24:6; Mark 13:7; Luke 24:37; 2 Thessalonians 2:2. In the Sept., Song of Songs 5:4.

[ B-11,Verb,G2351, thorubazo ]
"to disturb, to trouble" (akin to No. 9), is used in Luke 10:41, in the best texts (in some, turbazo, with the same meaning).

[ B-12,Verb,G85, ademoneo ]
"to be much troubled, distressed" (perhaps from a, negative, and demon, "knowing," the compound therefore originally suggesting bewilderment), is translated "sore troubled" in Matthew 26:37; Mark 14:33, RV (AV, "very heavy"); so the RV in Philippians 2:26 (AV, "full of heaviness"); Lightfoot renders it "distressed," a meaning borne out in the papyri. See HEAVY.

[ B-13,Verb,G1278, diaponeo ]
denotes "to work out with toil," hence, "to be sore troubled;" so the RV in Acts 4:2; Acts 16:18 (AV, "grieved"); Mark 14:4 in some texts.


(1) The noun kopos, "a striking, beating," then, "laborious toil, trouble," used with parecho, "to furnish, to supply," is rendered "to trouble" (lit., "to give trouble to"), in Matthew 26:10; Mark 14:6; Luke 11:7; Luke 18:5; Galatians 6:17; the meaning is to embarrass a person by distracting his attention, or to give occasion for anxiety. In the last passage the Apostle expresses his determination not to allow the Judaizing teachers to distract him any further. See LABOR, A, No. 1.

(2) For "suffer trouble" in 2 Timothy 2:9, See HARDSHIP.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words