Greater - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ 1,,G3187, meizon ]
is the comparative degree of megas (See GREAT, No. 1), e.g., Matthew 11:11; in Matthew 13:32, the RV rightly has greater than" (AV, "the greatest among"); Matthew 23:17; in Luke 22:26, RV, "the greater (among you)" (AV, "greatest"); in James 3:1, RV, "the heavier (marg., greater) judgment" (AV, "the greater condemnation"); it is used in the neuter plural in John 1:50, "greater things;" in John 14:12, "greater works" (lit., "greater things"); in 1 Corinthians 12:31, RV, "the greater," AV, "the best." See GREATEST, No. 2.

Note: In Matthew 20:31, the neuter of meizon, used as an adverb, is translated "the more." See MORE.

[ 2,,G3186, meizoteros ]
a double comparative of megas (cp. No. 1, above), is used in 3 John 1:4, of joy.

[ 3,,G4119, pleion ]
the comparative of polus (See GREAT, No. 2), is used
(a) as an adjective, "greater, more," e.g., Acts 15:28;
(b) as a noun, e.g., Matthew 12:41, "a greater (than Jonah);" Matthew 12:42, "a greater (than Solomon);" in these instances the neuter pleion, "something greater," is "a fixed or stereotyped form" of the word; in 1 Corinthians 15:6, "the greater part" (masculine plural);
(c) as an adverb, e.g., Matthew 5:20, lit., "(except your righteousness abound) more greatly (than of scribes and Pharisees);" so Matthew 26:53, "more;" Luke 9:13. See ABOVE, LONGER, MANY, MORE, MOST, YET.

[ 4,,G4055, perissoteros ]
the comparative of perissos, "over and above, abundant," signifies "more abundant, greater," e.g., of condemnation, Mark 12:40; Luke 20:47. See ABUNDANT, C, No. 2.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words