H8074 שׁמם - Strong's Hebrew Lexicon Number

A primitive root; to stun (or intransitively grow numb), that is, devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense)

KJV Usage: make amazed, be astonied, (be an) astonish (-ment), (be, bring into, unto, lay, lie, make) desolate (-ion, places), be destitute, destroy (self), (lay, lie, make) waste, wonder.

Brown-Driver-Briggs' Hebrew Definitions



1. to be desolate, be appalled, stun, stupefy
a. (Qal)
1. to be desolated, be deflowered, be deserted, be appalled
2. to be appalled, be awestruck
b. (Niphal)
1. to be desolated, be made desolate
2. to be appalled
c. (Polel)
1. to be stunned
2. appalling, causing horror (participle) 1c
d. horror-causer, appaller (subst)
e. (Hiphil)
1. to devastate, ravage, make desolated
2. to appal, show horror
f. (Hophal) to lay desolate, be desolated
g. (Hithpolel)
1. to cause to be desolate
2. to be appalled, be astounded
3. to cause oneself desolation, cause oneself ruin
Origin: a primitive root
TWOT: 2409
Parts of Speech: Verb

be desolate
1) to be desolate, be appalled, stun, stupefy
1a) (Qal)
1a1) to be desolated, be deflowered, be deserted, be appalled
1a2) to be appalled, be awestruck
1b) (Niphal)
1b1) to be desolated, be made desolate
1b2) to be appalled
1c) (Polel)
1c1) to be stunned
1c2) appalling, causing horror (participle)
1c2a) horror-causer, appaller (subst)
1d) (Hiphil)
1d1) to devastate, ravage, make desolated
1d2) to appal, show horror
1e) (Hophal) to lay desolate, be desolated
1f) (Hithpolel)
1f1) to cause to be desolate
1f2) to be appalled, be astounded
1f3) to cause oneself desolation, cause oneself ruin

View how H8074 שׁמם is used in the Bible

First 30 of 94 occurrences of H8074 שׁמם

Leviticus 26:22 shall be desolate.
Leviticus 26:31 and bring
Leviticus 26:31 to desolation,
Leviticus 26:32 And I will bring
Leviticus 26:32 into desolation:
Leviticus 26:32 in it shall be astonished
Leviticus 26:34 as it lieth desolate,
Leviticus 26:35 it lieth desolate
Leviticus 26:43 while she lieth desolate
Numbers 21:30 and we have laid them waste
1 Samuel 5:6 and he made them desolate,
2 Samuel 13:20 desolate
1 Kings 9:8 by it shall be astonished,
2 Chronicles 7:21 shall be an astonishment
2 Chronicles 36:21 it lay desolate
Ezra 9:3 appalled.
Ezra 9:4 appalled
Job 16:7 thou hast made desolate
Job 17:8 men shall be appalled
Job 18:20 him shall be appalled
Job 21:5 me, and be astonished,
Psalms 40:15 Let them be desolate
Psalms 69:25 be desolate;
Psalms 79:7 and laid waste
Psalms 143:4 me is desolate.
Ecclesiastes 7:16 why shouldest thou make thyself desolate?
Isaiah 33:8 lie waste,
Isaiah 42:14 moan,
Isaiah 49:8 the desolate
Isaiah 49:19 and thy desolate places,

Distinct usage

3 desolate
3 by it shall be astonished,
3 shall be desolate,
2 shall be astonished,
2 shall be astonished
2 that are desolate,
1 and bring
1 to desolation,
1 And I will bring
1 into desolation:
1 in it shall be astonished
1 as it lieth desolate,
1 it lieth desolate
1 shall be an astonishment
1 it lay desolate
1 appalled.
1 men shall be appalled
1 him shall be appalled
1 me, and be astonished,
1 Let them be desolate
1 be desolate;
1 and laid waste
1 me is desolate.
1 lie waste,
1 the desolate
1 were astonished
1 and make the desolate
1 and wondered
1 desolations,
1 the desolations
1 and I wondered
1 Be astonished,
1 is made desolate,
1 by it shall be astonished
1 that are desolate,
1 are desolate:
1 me desolate
1 me desolate.
1 are desolate
1 which is desolate,
1 there overwhelmed
1 and will make
1 that I might make them desolate,
1 waste,
1 desolate,
1 astonished
1 They are laid desolate,
1 because it was desolate,
1 And the desolate
1 that was desolate
1 and desolate
1 and I was astonished
1 he shall make it desolate,
1 upon the desolate.
1 that maketh desolate.
1 that maketh desolate
1 are laid desolate,
1 the waste
1 thee, in making thee desolate
1 are desolate;

Corresponding Greek Words

shamem G818 atimazo
shamem G853 aphanizo
shamem G1311 dia phtheiro
shamem G2295 thauma
shamem G2704 kata phtheiro
shamem hithpo G1590 ek luo
shamem hithpo. G1605 ek plesso
shamem hithpo. G2657 kata noeo
shamem hithpo. G5015 tarasso
shamem hi. G390 ana strepho
shamem hi. G622 ap ollumi
shamem hi. G1863 ep ago
shamem ni,qal,hiph G2049 eremoo
shamem ni. G4937 sun tribo
shamem qal,hoph G2296 thaumazo
shamem qal,ni G1839 ex istemi
shamem qal,po,hoph G2050 eremosis
shamem qal.,hi. G4768 stugnazo
shamem verb,adj G2048 eremos

Related words

H8074 שׁמם

H4923 משׁמּה me shammâh
me shammâh
From H8074; a waste or amazement

KJV Usage: astonishment, desolate.

H8037 שׁמּא shammâ'
From H8074; desolation; Shamma, an Israelite

KJV Usage: Shamma.

H8047 שׁמּה shammâh
From H8074; ruin; by implication consternation

KJV Usage: astonishment, desolate (-ion), waste, wonderful thing.

H8051 שׁמּוּע shammûa‛
From H8074; renowned; Shammua, the name of four Israelites

KJV Usage: Shammua, Shammuah.

H8052 שׁמוּעה she mû‛âh
she mû‛âh
Feminine passive participle of H8074; something heard, that is, an announcement

KJV Usage: bruit, doctrine, fame, mentioned, news, report, rumor, tidings.

H8075 שׁמם she mam
she mam
(Chaldee); corresponding to H8074

KJV Usage: be astonied.

H8076 שׁמם shâmêm
From H8074; ruined

KJV Usage: desolate.

H8078 שׁמּמון shimmâmôn
From H8074; stupefaction

KJV Usage: astonishment.

H8079 שׂממית śe mâmı̂yth
e mâmı̂yth
Probably from H8074 (in the sense of poisoning); a lizard (from the superstition of its noxiousness)

KJV Usage: spider.