H8074 שׁמם - Strong's Hebrew Lexicon Number

A primitive root; to stun (or intransitively grow numb), that is, devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense)

KJV Usage: make amazed, be astonied, (be an) astonish (-ment), (be, bring into, unto, lay, lie, make) desolate (-ion, places), be destitute, destroy (self), (lay, lie, make) waste, wonder.

Brown-Driver-Briggs' Hebrew Definitions


1. to be desolate, be appalled, stun, stupefy
a. (Qal)
1. to be desolated, be deflowered, be deserted, be appalled
2. to be appalled, be awestruck
b. (Niphal)
1. to be desolated, be made desolate
2. to be appalled
c. (Polel)
1. to be stunned
2. appalling, causing horror (participle) 1c
d. horror-causer, appaller (subst)
e. (Hiphil)
1. to devastate, ravage, make desolated
2. to appal, show horror
f. (Hophal) to lay desolate, be desolated
g. (Hithpolel)
1. to cause to be desolate
2. to be appalled, be astounded
3. to cause oneself desolation, cause oneself ruin
Origin: a primitive root
TWOT: 2409
Parts of Speech: Verb

View how H8074 שׁמם is used in the Bible

First 30 of 87 occurrences of H8074 שׁמם

Leviticus 26:22 shall be desolate.
Leviticus 26:31 and bring
Leviticus 26:31 to desolation,
Leviticus 26:32 And I will bring
Leviticus 26:32 into desolation:
Leviticus 26:32 in it shall be astonished
Leviticus 26:34 as it lieth desolate,
Leviticus 26:35 it lieth desolate
Leviticus 26:43 while she lieth desolate
Numbers 21:30 and we have laid them waste
1 Samuel 5:6 and he destroyed
2 Samuel 13:20 desolate
1 Kings 9:8 by it shall be astonished,
2 Chronicles 7:21 shall be an astonishment
2 Chronicles 36:21 it lay desolate
Ezra 9:3 appalled.
Ezra 9:4 appalled
Job 16:7 thou hast made desolate
Job 17:8 men shall be appalled
Job 18:20 him shall be appalled
Job 21:5 me, and be astonished,
Psalms 40:15 Let them be desolate
Psalms 69:25 be desolate;
Psalms 79:7 and laid waste
Psalms 143:4 me is desolate.
Ecclesiastes 7:16 why shouldest thou destroy
Isaiah 33:8 lie waste,
Isaiah 42:14 I will destroy
Isaiah 49:8 the desolate
Isaiah 49:19 and thy desolate places,

Distinct usage

3 desolate
3 by it shall be astonished,
3 shall be desolate,
2 shall be astonished,
2 shall be astonished
2 that are desolate,
1 shall be desolate.
1 and bring
1 to desolation,
1 And I will bring
1 into desolation:
1 in it shall be astonished
1 as it lieth desolate,
1 it lieth desolate
1 while she lieth desolate
1 and we have laid them waste
1 and he destroyed
1 shall be an astonishment
1 it lay desolate
1 appalled.
1 appalled
1 thou hast made desolate
1 men shall be appalled
1 him shall be appalled
1 me, and be astonished,
1 Let them be desolate
1 be desolate;
1 and laid waste
1 me is desolate.
1 why shouldest thou destroy

Corresponding Greek Words

shamem G818 atimazo
shamem G853 aphanizo
shamem G1311 dia phtheiro
shamem G2295 thauma
shamem G2704 kata phtheiro
shamem hithpo G1590 ek luo
shamem hithpo. G1605 ek plesso
shamem hithpo. G2657 kata noeo
shamem hithpo. G5015 tarasso
shamem hi. G390 ana strepho
shamem hi. G622 ap ollumi
shamem hi. G1863 ep ago
shamem ni,qal,hiph G2049 eremoo
shamem ni. G4937 sun tribo
shamem qal,hoph G2296 thaumazo
shamem qal,ni G1839 ex istemi
shamem qal,po,hoph G2050 eremosis
shamem qal.,hi. G4768 stugnazo
shamem verb,adj G2048 eremos