Wine - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
Wine[ 1,,G3631, oinos ]
is the general word for wine." The mention of the bursting of the wineskins, Matthew 9:17; Mark 2:22; Luke 5:37, implies fermentation. See also Ephesians 5:18 (cp. John 2:10; 1 Timothy 3:8; Titus 2:3). In Matthew 27:34, the RV has "wine" (AV, "vinegar," translating the inferior reading oxos).
The drinking of "wine" could be a stumbling block and the Apostle enjoins abstinence in this respect, as in others, so as to avoid giving an occasion of stumbling to a brother, Romans 14:21. Contrast 1 Timothy 5:23, which has an entirely different connection. The word is used metaphorically
(a) of the evils ministered to the nations by religious Babylon, Revelation 14:8; Revelation 17:2; Revelation 18:3;
(b) of the contents of the cup of Divine wrath upon the nations and Babylon, Revelation 14:10; Revelation 16:19; Revelation 19:15.
[ 2,,G1098, gleukos ]
denotes sweet "new wine," or must, Acts 2:13, where the accusation shows that it was intoxicant and must have been undergoing fermentation some time. In the Sept., Job 32:19.
Note: In instituting the Lord's Supper He speaks of the contents of the cup as the "fruit of the vine." So Mark 14:25.