Perish - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ 1,,G622, apollumi ]
to destroy," signifies, in the Middle Voice, "to perish," and is thus used
(a) of things, e.g., Matthew 5:29-Matthew 5:30; Luke 5:37; Acts 27:34, RV, "perish" (in some texts pipto, "to fall," as AV); Hebrews 1:11; 2 Peter 3:6; Revelation 18:14 (2nd part), RV, "perished" (in some texts aperchomai, "to depart," as AV);
(b) of persons, e.g., Matthew 8:25; John 3:15-John 3:16; John 10:28; John 17:12, RV, "perished" (AV, "is lost"); Romans 2:12; 1 Corinthians 1:18, lit., "the perishing," where the perfective force of the verb implies the completion of the process of destruction (Moulton, Proleg., p. 114); 1 Corinthians 8:11; 1 Corinthians 15:18; 2 Peter 3:9; Jude 1:11. For the meaning of the word See DESTROY, No. 1.

[ 2,,G4881, sunapollumi ]
in the Middle Voice, denotes "to perish together" (sun, "with," and No. 1), Hebrews 11:31.

[ 3,,G599, apothnesko ]
"to die;" in Matthew 8:32 "perished," See DIE, No. 2.

[ 4,,G853, aphanizo ]
"to make unseen" (a, negative, phaino, "to cause to appear"), in the Passive Voice, is translated "perish" in Acts 13:41 (RV, marg., "vanish away"). See DISFIGURE.

[ 5,,G1311, diaphtheiro ]
"to corrupt," is rendered "perish" in 2 Corinthians 4:16, AV (RV, "is decaying"). See CORRUPT, No. 3, DECAY.


(1) In Acts 8:20, "(thy money) perish" is a translation of a phrase, lit, "be unto destruction," apoleia; See DESTRUCTION, B, (II), No. 1.

(2) In Colossians 2:22, "to perish" is a translation of the phrase eis pthoran, lit., "unto corruption;" See CORRUPT, B, No. 1.

(3) For "shall utterly perish," in 2 Peter 2:12, AV, See CORRUPT, B, No. 1

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words