Conscience - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ 1,,G4893, suneidesis ]
lit., a knowing with" (sun, "with," oida, "to know"), i.e., "a co-knowledge (with oneself), the witness borne to one's conduct by conscience, that faculty by which we apprehend the will of God, as that which is designed to govern our lives;" hence
(a) the sense of guiltness before God; Hebrews 10:2;
(b) that process of thought which distinguishes what it considers morally good or bad, commending the good, condemning the bad, and so prompting to do the former, and avoid the latter; Romans 2:15 (bearing witness with God's law); Hebrews 9:1; 2 Corinthians 1:12; acting in a certain way because "conscience" requires it, Romans 13:5; so as not to cause scruples of "conscience" in another, 1 Corinthians 10:28-29; not calling a thing in question unnecessarily, as if conscience demanded it, 1 Corinthians 10:25, 1 Corinthians 10:27; "commending oneself to every man's conscience," 2 Corinthians 4:2; cp. 2 Corinthians 5:11. There may be a "conscience" not strong enough to distinguish clearly between the lawful and the unlawful, 1 Corinthians 8:7, 1 Corinthians 8:10, 1 Corinthians 8:12 (some regard consciousness as the meaning here). The phrase "conscience toward God," in 1 Peter 2:19, signifies a "conscience" (or perhaps here, a consciousness) so controlled by the apprehension of God's presence, that the person realizes that griefs are to be borne in accordance with His will. Hebrews 9:9 teaches that sacrifices under the Law could not so perfect a person that he could regard himself as free from guilt. For various descriptions of "conscience" See Acts 23:1; Acts 24:16; 1 Corinthians 8:7; 1 Timothy 1:5, 1 Timothy 1:19; 1 Timothy 3:9; 1 Timothy 4:2; 2 Timothy 1:3; Titus 1:15; Hebrews 9:14; Hebrews 10:22; Hebrews 13:18; 1 Peter 3:16, 1 Peter 3:21.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words