H8104 שׁמר - Strong's Hebrew Lexicon Number

A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.

KJV Usage: beware, be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep (-er, self), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch (-man).

Brown-Driver-Briggs' Hebrew Definitions


1. to keep, guard, observe, give heed
a. (Qal)
1. to keep, have charge of
2. to keep, guard, keep watch and ward, protect, save life 1a
b. watch, watchman (participle)
1. to watch for, wait for
2. to watch, observe
3. to keep, retain, treasure up (in memory)
4. to keep (within bounds), restrain
5. to observe, celebrate, keep (sabbath or covenant or commands), perform (vow)
6. to keep, preserve, protect
7. to keep, reserve
c. (Niphal)
1. to be on one's guard, take heed, take care, beware
2. to keep oneself, refrain, abstain
3. to be kept, be guarded
d. (Piel) to keep, pay heed
e. (Hithpael) to keep oneself from
Origin: a primitive root
TWOT: 2414
Parts of Speech: Verb

View how H8104 שׁמר is used in the Bible

First 30 of 439 occurrences of H8104 שׁמר

Genesis 2:15 it and to keep
Genesis 3:24 to guard
Genesis 4:9 keeper?
Genesis 17:9 Thou shalt keep
Genesis 17:10 which ye shall keep,
Genesis 18:19 and they shall keep
Genesis 24:6 to him, Beware
Genesis 26:5 and kept
Genesis 28:15 And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep
Genesis 28:20 will be with me, and will keep me
Genesis 30:31 and keep
Genesis 31:24 to him, Take heed
Genesis 31:29 Take thou heed
Genesis 37:11 observed
Genesis 41:35 and let them keep
Exodus 10:28 from me, take heed
Exodus 12:17 And ye shall observe
Exodus 12:17 therefore shall ye observe
Exodus 12:24 And ye shall observe
Exodus 12:25 that ye shall keep
Exodus 13:10 Thou shalt therefore keep
Exodus 15:26 and keep
Exodus 16:28 ye to keep
Exodus 19:5 and keep
Exodus 19:12 Take heed
Exodus 20:6 me, and keep
Exodus 21:29 and he hath not restrained
Exodus 21:36 hath not restrained
Exodus 22:7 to keep,
Exodus 22:10 to keep;

Distinct usage

23 Keep
18 and keep
18 to keep
12 Take heed
7 and to keep
5 Thou shalt keep
5 and they shall keep
5 Beware
5 shall keep
5 kept
5 to observe
5 that kept
4 Ye shall keep
4 Observe
4 keeping
4 who kept
4 heed
4 keeper
4 keepers
4 the keeper
4 preserveth
4 shall preserve
3 and kept
3 observed
3 And ye shall observe
3 Thou shalt therefore keep
3 Ye shall therefore keep
3 Therefore shall ye keep
3 And ye shall keep
3 they kept
3 and observe
3 the keepers
3 he that keepeth
3 keepeth
2 and keep
2 therefore shall ye observe
2 me, and keep
2 to keep,
2 him, and keep
2 that thou mayest observe
2 why then hast thou not kept
2 took no heed
2 For I have kept
2 who keepest
2 that keepeth
2 Preserve
2 I have kept
2 I will keep
2 So shall I keep
2 the watchman
2 That they may keep
2 but he that regardeth
2 The watchmen
2 Watchman,
2 and have not kept
2 Therefore take heed
1 it and to keep
1 to guard
1 keeper?
1 which ye shall keep,

Corresponding Greek Words

shamar see G472 st. ant echo
shamar G25 agapao
shamar G189 akoe
shamar G191 akouo
shamar G1299 dia tasso
shamar G1301 dia tereo
shamar G1522 eis akouo
shamar G1685 em ballo
shamar G2043 ereido
shamar G2147 heurisko
shamar G3906 para tereo
shamar G4160 poieo
shamar G4863 sun ago
shamar G4920 sun iemi
shamar G4933 sun tereo
shamar G5083 tereo
shamar G5087 tithemi
shamar G5441 phulax
shamar G5442 phulasso
shamar ni. G2125 eulabeomai
shamar ni.,qal. G4337 pros echo
shamar qal.,ni. G1314 dia phulasso