- elder, usually used as subst.; an elder, a member of the Sanhedrin, an elder of a Christian assembly.
- older; as noun, a senior; specially, an Israelite Sanhedrist (also figuratively, member of the celestial council) or Christian "presbyter"
Derivation: comparative of πρέσβυς (elderly);
KJV Usage: elder(-est), old.
- πρέσβυς, -εως, ὁ poët. form of πρεσβύτης (which see),
[in LXX (= πρεσβευτής, an ambassador): Num.21:20 (21), al. (מֲלְאָךְ),(צִיר), 1Ma.9:70, al. ;]
an old man.
πρεσβύτερος, -α, -ον,
[in LXX chiefly for זָקֵן ;]
__1. of age, elder: ὁ νἱὸς ὁ π., Luk.15:25; as subst., opp. to νεανίσκοι, Act.2:17; to νεώτερος, 1Ti.5:1-2; of the religious leaders of the past,(= οἱ πατέρες, Heb.1:1).
RefsMat.15:2, Mrk.7:3, 5, Heb.11:2
__2. Of dignity, rank or office (as found in π. and Inscr. of civil and religious offices, including priesthood, in Asia Minor and in Egypt; see Deiss., BS, 154 ff., 233 If.; LAE, 373);
__(a) among Jews:; τ. Ἰουνδαίων, Act.25:15; τ. λαοῦ,
RefsMat.16:21 26:47, 57 27:3, 12 27:20, 41 28:12, Mrk.8:31 11:27 14:43, 53 15:1, Luk.7:3 9:22 20:1 22:52, Jhn.8:9, Act.4:5, 8 4:23 6:12 23:14 24:1;
RefsMat.21:23 26:3 27:1
__(b) among Christians:; τ. ἐκκλησίας,
RefsAct.11:30 14:23 15:2, 4 15:6, 22-23 16:4 21:18, 1Ti.5:17 5:19, Tit.1:5, II Jn 1, 3Jn.1, 1Pe.5:1 5:5;
__(with) in the visions of the Apocalypse:.
RefsRev.4:4, 10 5:5-6, 8 5:11, 14 7:11, 13 11:16 14:3 19:4
(On the NT use of this word and its relation to ἐπίσκοπος (which see), cf. Lft., Phi., 93 ff., 189 ff.; CGT, Past. Epp., lvi ff.) †
1a) the elder of two people
1b) advanced in life, an elder, a senior
2) a term of rank or office
2a) among the Jews
2a1) members of the great council or Sanhedrin (because in early times the rulers of the people, judges, etc., were selected from elderly men)
2a2) of those who in separate cities managed public affairs and administered justice
2b) among the Christians, those who presided over the assemblies (or churches) The NT uses the term bishop, elders, and presbyters interchangeably
2c) the twenty four members of the heavenly Sanhedrin or court seated on thrones around the throne of God
Comparative of πρέσβυς presbus (elderly); older; as noun, a senior; specifically an Israelite Sanhedrist (also figuratively, member of the celestial council) or Christian “presbyter”
KJV Usage: elder (-est), old.