μάτην (prop. accusative of μάτη, a fault, folly), adv., [in LXX for הָבַל, שָׁוְא, etc. ;] in vain, to no purpose: Refs .† (AS)
1) in vain, fruitlessly
Accusative case of a derivative of the base of G3145 (through the idea of tentative manipulation, that is, unsuccessful search, or else of punishment); folly, that is, (adverbially) tonopurpose
From a primary word μάσσω massō (to handle or squeeze); to chew
KJV Usage: gnaw.
From G1537 and the base of G3145; to kneadout, that is, (by analogy) to wipedry
KJV Usage: wipe.
Probably from the base of G3145 (through the idea of contact); a whip (literally the Roman flagellum for criminals; figuratively a disease)
KJV Usage: plague, scourging.
From the base of G3145; a (properly female) breast (as if kneaded up)
KJV Usage: pap.
Probably from the same base as G3145 and G3415 (that is, μάω maō [to strive ]); to disclose (through the idea of mental effort and thus calling to mind), that is, report, declare, intimate
KJV Usage: shew, tell.
Middle voice of a derivative of G3306 or perhaps of the base of G3145 (through the idea of fixture in the mind or of mental grasp); to bearinmind, that is, recollect; by implication to reward or punish
KJV Usage: be mindful, remember, come (have) in remembrance.