BDB1670 [H1568]

גִּלְעָד proper name, of a location of mountain-range or hill-country, land & city, east of Jordan (compare Arabic durus, fortis Frey, so Thes; HiGeschichte. Israel 26 compare same √ used of camel ( camelus robustus ac firmus, compare HomNS 144), whence camel hump, originally name of mountain) — ׳ג Gen 37:25 + 79 t. (mostly as proper name, masculine and in combination with other proper name, of a location compare below); ׳הַגּ Gen 31:21 + 50 t. (so usually as name of mountain and land); גִּלְעָ֫דָה Num 32:39; 1Chr 27:21 הִגְּלְעָ֫דָה 2Sam 24:6Gilead, used of territory between the Arnon and the Jabbok, modern Bel‡a; also of that between the Jabbok and the Jarmuk, modern Jebel Ajlûn; also of the entire east Jordan land occupied by Israel, including both the parts just named (compare Di Gen 31:54 Stu Judg 10:4 BdPal 178; also L. OliphantLand of Gilead, 1880); —

1. territory south of Jabbok,
\ \ a. ׳אֶרֶץ הַגּ Num 32:29 (P), ׳אֶרֶץ ג vNum 32:1 (JE), both connected with Reuben and Gad; so ׳חֲצִי הַר הַגּ Deut 3:12 ׳אֶרֶץ ג also 1Chr 5:9 (of Reuben); 1Kgs 4:19 (of Sihon and Og); compare ׳אֶרֶץ גַּד וְג 1Sam 13:7 further,
\ \ b. ׳הַגּ alone, Judg 10:17 (or possibly here name of city ?), Judg 11:29 (probably); also 1Chr 5:10 (of Reuben) v1Chr 5:16 (of Gad); compare חֲצִי וְעַד יַבֹּק ׳הַגּ Josh 12:2 (of Sihon), so vJosh 12:5 (both D);
\ \ c. similarly ׳ג alone (without article) in poetry Ps 60:9 (|| Manasseh) = Ps 108:9 but also in prose in phrases ׳שָׂרֵי ג Judg 10:18, ׳ישְׁבֵי ג vJudg 10:18; Judg 11:8, ׳זִקְנֵי ג Judg 11:5; Judg 11:7; Judg 11:8; Judg 11:9; Judg 11:10; Judg 11:11, ׳אַנְשֵׁי ג Judg 12:4 (twice in verse); Judg 12:5 compare also
\ \ d. עָרֵי ׳הַגּ Num 32:26 (J E; of Reuben and Gad); so of Jephthah's burial-place Judg 12:7 even כָּלעָֿרֵי ׳הַגּ Josh 13:25 (P; of Gad); besides these, or particular cities, especially ׳רָאמֹת בַּגּ Deut 4:43 (of Gad); compare ׳רָאמוֺת בַּגּ Josh 20:8 (P), 1Chr 6:65 (of Gad), and ׳רָמֹת בַּגּ Josh 21:38 (P); usually ׳רָמֹת ג 1Kgs 4:13; 1Kgs 22:3; 1Kgs 22:4; 1Kgs 22:6; 1Kgs 22:12; 1Kgs 22:15; 1Kgs 22:20; 1Kgs 22:29 = 2Chr 18:2; 2Chr 18:3; 2Chr 18:5; 2Chr 18:11; 2Chr 18:14; 2Chr 18:19; 2Chr 18:28; 2Kgs 8:28; 2Kgs 9:1; 2Kgs 9:4; 2Kgs 9:14; 2Chr 22:5 also ׳מִצְפֵּה ג Judg 11:29 (twice in verse); further ׳יַעְזֵיר ג 1Chr 26:31.
2. Northern Gilead,
\ \ a. ׳אֶרֶץ הַגּ Josh 17:5; Josh 17:6 (J E; of Manasseh) compare Judg 10:4; 1Chr 2:22 (both of Jair); ׳הַר הַגּ Gen 31:21; Gen 31:23; Gen 31:25 (E); probably also ׳הַר ג (no article) Song 4:1 (compare Song 6:5 below).
\ \ b. ׳הַגּ alone Num 32:40 (J E; of Machir) Josh 17:1 (J E; id.) compare Josh 13:11 (D) Deut 2:36; 1Kgs 4:13 (of Jair); Deut 3:15; Deut 3:16 (boundary of Reuben and Gad); probably also Song 6:5 (compare Song 4:1 above); compare ׳יֶתֶר הַגּ Deut 3:13 & ׳חֲצִי הַגּ Josh 13:31 (P; of Machir); הַגִּלְעָ֫דָה 2Sam 24:6 (probably); compare also
\ \ c. ׳ג (no article) probably Jer 8:22; Jer 46:11 (in both reference to צֳרִי balm, probably from the wooded Northern Gilead); similarly Jer 22:6 and גִּלְעָ֫דָה 1Chr 27:21 also Num 32:39 (J E; of Machir).
\ \ d. in combination ׳יָבֵשׁ ג (city) Judg 21:8; Judg 21:9; Judg 21:10; Judg 21:12; Judg 21:14; 1Sam 11:1; 1Sam 11:9 (|| יָבֵשׁ alone) 1Sam 31:11 (|| id.) = 1Chr 10:11; 2Sam 2:4; 2Sam 2:5; 2Sam 21:12 perhaps also ׳(מִ)תִּשְׁבֵּה ג 1Kgs 17:1 (emendation, after ᵐ5, Ew Th and others see VB); — compare further below
6. proper name, masculine below — Judg 7:3 ׳וְיִצְפֹּר מֵהַר הַגּ and let him depart from Mt. Gilead, apparently belongs here, but מֵהַר הַגִּלְבֹּעַ is read by Cler Hi Gr Ke Be; against this compare Stu BuRS 112.
3. more generally, of all Gilead,
\ \ a. ׳אֶרֶץ הַגּ Josh 22:9; Josh 22:13; Josh 22:15; Josh 22:32 (P; of Reuben, Gad and Manasseh; opposed to land of Canaan); compare 2Sam 17:26 so ׳כָּלאֶֿרֶץ הַגּ 2Kgs 10:38.
\ \ b. ׳אֶרֶץ ג (no article) Zech 10:10 compare ׳הַר אֶפְרַיִם וְג Jer 50:19 (|| Carmel and Bashan); ׳ג alone, also Gen 37:25 likewise Mic 7:14 (|| Carmel & Bashan, reference to fertility).
\ \ c. ׳הַגּ alone, of Israel territory in general east of Jordan, Judg 10:8 compare 2Sam 2:9; 2Kgs 10:33 (of Reuben, Gad and Manasseh); ׳כָּלהַֿגּ Deut 3:10 אֶתכָּֿלהָֿאָרֶץ ׳אֶתהַֿגּ Deut 34:1 ׳הַגּ also in general sense Ezek 47:18; 2Kgs 15:29 (?) Obad 1:19.
4. ׳ג, name of a city Hos 6:8 (& Judg 10:17 ? compare
1. a. above); — on the ruined cities Jil±âd, Jil±aud on the Jebel Jil±âd, north of Es-Sal‰, and south of Jabbo‡ see Di Gen 31:54 & references
5. ׳אֶרֶץ הַגּ of Israelites living east of Jordan (as a whole) Judg 20:1 ׳הַגּ of people of Gilead Amos 1:3; Amos 1:13 so ׳ג Judg 5:17 (= גַּד), Judg 12:4; Judg 12:5 (|| ׳אַנְשֵׁי ג vJudg 12:4 vJudg 12:4 vJudg 12:5) Hos 12:12. compare also גִּלְעָדִי below
6. treated as proper name, masculine a. ׳ג, son of Machir & grandson of Manasseh Num 26:29 (twice in verse); Num 26:30; Num 27:1; Num 36:1; Josh 17:3 (all P) 1Chr 2:21; 1Chr 2:23; 1Chr 7:14; 1Chr 7:17 once ׳הַגּ Josh 17:1 (JE) compare Di; — reference in all these to Northern Gilead.
\ \ b. father of Jephthah Judg 11:1; Judg 11:2 — reference to Gad (compare above especially below 5).
\ \ c. 1Chr 5:14 (a Gadite).


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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