BDB4983 [H5066]

[נָגַשׁ]125 verb draw near, approach, less frequently synonym of קרב q. v. (Late Hebrew id. Hiph`il (rare) and derivatives ); —

Qal68 Imperfect יִגַּשׁ Exod 24:14 +, יִגָּ֑שׁ Ps 91:7, וַיִּגַּשׁ Gen 18:23 +; 3 feminine singular וַתִּגַּשׁ Gen 33:7 2 masculine singular תִּגַּשֿׁ Isa 65:5 3 masculine plural יִגְּשׁוּ Isa 41:1 +, יִגָּ֑שׁוּ Exod 24:2, יִגַּ֑שׁוּ Job 41:8 (Baer; van d. H. יִנָּ֑שׁוּ); 3 feminine plural וַתִּגַּשְׁןָ Gen 33:6, etc.; Imperative גַּשׁ 2Sam 1:15, גֶּשֿׁ Gen 19:9, גְּשָׁה Gen 27:21 + 2 t.; feminine singular גְּשִׁי; Ruth 2:14, etc.; Infinitive construct לָגֶ֫שֶׁת Judg 20:23 +; suffix גִּשְׁתּוֺ Gen 33:3 גִּשְׁתָּם Exod 28:43 + 2 t.; — draw or come near, 1. human subject: followed by אֶלֿ person Gen 27:22; Gen 43:19; Gen 44:18; Gen 45:4 (all J), Exod 19:15 (of sexual intercourse), Exod 24:2; Num 32:16; Josh 14:6 (all E), Exod 34:30; Josh 21:1 (P), + 10 t. elsewhere (not D), + Ps 91:7 (subject pestilence personified); of priestly approach to ׳י Ezek 44:13, compare Jer 30:21b, also followed by אֶלֿ of altar Exod 28:43; Exod 30:20; Lev 21:23 and absolute, vLev 21:21 (all P or H); followed by אֶלֿ of thing also Num 8:16 followed by עַדֿ person Gen 33:3 (J), of thing Judg 9:52 followed by עַלֿ person Ezek 9:6, of thing Ezek 44:13 followed by בְּ person Isa 65:5 (|| קָרַב אֶלֿ); in Amos 9:10 read תִּגַּשׁ בַעֲדֵנוּ (for ᵑ0 תַּגִּישׁ Hiph`il compare We GASm Dr Now; || קִדֵּם); followed by לַמִּלְחָמָה draw near for battle Judg 20:23; Jer 46:3; 2Sam 10:13 = 1Chr 19:14 (+ לִפְנֵי person); followed by accusative of person 1Sam 9:18; 1Sam 30:21, of thing Num 4:19 (P), but accusative difficult; Dr reads אֶלֿ for אֶתֿ 1Sam 9:18; Num 4:19, compare Klo HPS; in 1Sam 30:21 Dr takes אֶתֿ = with; followed by הֲלוֺם hither, 1Sam 14:38; Ruth 2:14 absolute Gen 18:23; Gen 27:21; Gen 29:10; Gen 33:6; Gen 33:7; Gen 45:4 (all J), Exod 24:2 (E), Josh 8:11 (E; + ויבאו), + 9 t. (not P, D),+ Gen 27:26; Gen 27:27 (E), Josh 3:9 (J), 2Sam 1:15; 2Chr 29:31 (all Imperative followed by 2nd Imperative), + Gen 19:9 (J), Lev 21:21 (twice in verse) (H), 2Kgs 4:27 (all followed by Infinitive purpose); Note especially גֶּשׁהָֿ֫לְאָה Gen 19:9 lit approach thither! i.e. move away ! compare גְּשָׁהלִֿי וְאֵשׁ֑בָה Isa 46:20 move away for me (make room for me that I may dwell (|| צַרלִֿי הַמָּקוֺם).
2. inanimate subject בְּאֶחָד יִגַּ֫שׁוּ אֶחָד Job 41:8 one to another they approach (fit closely together; of scales of crocodile ). —
Qal not in D.

Niph`al Perfect נִגַּשׁ Gen 33:7 +; 3 feminine singular וְנִגְּשָׁה Deut 25:9 3 masculine plural נִגְּשׁוּ Exod 34:32 +; נִגַּשְׁתֶּם 2Sam 11:20; 2Sam 11:21 Participle plural נִגָּשִׁים Exod 19:22draw near = Qal (and substitute for it in D): — followed by אֶלֿ person Deut 25:9; 1Kgs 20:13; Ezra 9:1, of priestly approach to Yahweh Exod 19:22 (J), Jer 30:21 followed by אֶלֿ of thing Exod 20:21; Exod 24:2 (both E), 2Sam 11:20; 2Sam 11:21, אֶלהַֿמִּשְׁפָּט Deut 25:1 followed by בְּ person Amos 9:13 followed by לַמִּלְחָמָה 1Sam 7:10 absolute Gen 33:7 (J), Deut 20:2 (|| קרב), Deut 21:5; Exod 34:32 (P), so figurative of worship Isa 29:13.

Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular suffix consecutive וְהִגִּישׁוֺ Exod 21:6 (twice in verse), וְהִגִּישָׁהּ Lev 2:8 3 plural הִגִּ֫ישׁוּ 2Sam 17:29 2 masculine plural הִגַּשְׁתֶּם Amos 5:25 Imperfect jussive יַגֵּשׁJob 40:19 וַיַגֶּשֿׁ Gen 27:25 וַיַּגַּ֑שׁ Judg 6:19 3 feminine singular תַּגִּישׁ Amos 9:10, וַתַּגֵּשׁ 1Sam 28:25; 2Sam 13:11 3 masculine plural יַגִּ֫ישׁוּ Isa 41:22 2 masculine plural תַּגִּ֫ישׁוּ Mal 1:8, תַּגִּישׁוּן vMal 1:8, וַתַּגִּישׁוּן Amos 6:3, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הַגִּ֫ישָׁה Gen 27:25 +; masculine plural הַגִּ֫ישׁוּ 1Sam 13:9 +; Participle מַגִּישׁ Mal 2:12 plural construct מַגִּישֵׁי Mal 3:3, etc.; — cause to approach, bring near, bring, followed by אֶלֿ person (usually object accusative of thing, rarely person Exod 21:6 (twice in verse); 1Sam 15:32; Gen 48:10 compare vGen 48:13): — Gen 48:10; Gen 48:13 (E), Exod 21:6 (twice in verse) (E), 1Sam 13:9; 1Sam 14:34; 1Sam 15:32; 2Sam 13:11 (+ Infinitive purpose), 2Kgs 4:5; 2Kgs 4:6 followed by אֶלהַֿמִּוְבֵּךְַ Lev 2:8 (P; of sacrifice); עַלמִֿזְבְּחִי Mal 1:7 (sacrifice); לְ person Gen 27:25 (twice in verse) (E), 1Sam 30:7; 2Sam 17:29 (read וַיַּגִּישׁוּ ᵐ5 Th We Klo Kit, compare Dr), of sacrifice Amos 5:25; Mal 2:12; Mal 3:3 לִפְנֵי person 1Sam 28:25; 2Chr 29:23 no preposition Exod 32:6 (J), 1Sam 14:18; 1Sam 14:34; 1Sam 23:9; 1Sam 30:7; Judg 6:19 (following הוציא אֶלֿ), Amos 6:3; 1Kgs 5:1; Lev 8:14 (P), of sacrifice also Mal 1:8 (לִזְבֹּחַ), vMal 1:8 (|| הקריב); figurative (object proofs, evidences) Isa 41:21 (|| קרב), vIsa 41:22 (+ וַיַּגִּידוּ), compare Isa 45:21 (|| הַגִּידוּ); הָעשֹׁוֺ יַגֵּשׁ חַרְבּוֺ Job 40:19 let him that made him (the hippotamus) draw near his sword, is dubious; Du נֹגֵשׂ חֲבֵרָו [י]הֶעָשׂוּ who is made ruler of its fellows (other conjectures see Di Bu); Amos 9:10 read תִּגַּשׁ Qal q. v. ). Hoph`al Perfect 3 masculine plural לאֹלִֿנְחֻשְׁתַּיִם הֻגַּ֑שׁוּ 2Sam 3:34 (Ginsb הֻגָּ֫שׁוּ thy feet have not been brought near (put into) fetters; Participle מֻגָּשׁ לשׁמי Mal 1:11 it (impersonal) is offered to my name. Hithpa`el Imperative masculine plural הִתְנַגְּשׁוּ Isa 45:20 draw near! (|| הִקָּֽבְצוּ יָבֹאוּ).


נֵד see II. נדד. נֹד see נוד.


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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