BDB3944 [H3559]

I. [כּוּן]218 verb probably be firm, only in derived conjugation (Late Hebrew Aramaic כּוּן, in derived conjugation, כִּיוֵּן arrange, direct; put right, correct; Assyrian kânu, be firm, right DlHWB 321; Arabic (medial ) exist, occur, be; so Ethiopic Sabean כון DHMZMG 1875, 599, Phoenician כון be (often)); —

Niph`al Perfect (on 3 masculine singular see Participle below), 3 feminine singular נָכּ֫וֺנָה 1Kgs 2:46 3 plural נָכ֫וֺנוּ Prov 19:29 נָכֹּ֫נוּ Ezek 16:7 Imperfect יִכּוֺן Prov 12:3 +; 3 feminine singular תִּכּוֺן Jer 30:20 +; וַתִּכֹּן 1Kgs 2:12; 2Chr 8:16, etc.; Imperative הִכּוֺן Amos 4:12 הִכֹּן Ezek 38:7 plural הכונוּ 2Chr 35:4 Kt (Qr הָכִינוּ Hiph`il); Participle נָכוֺן Gen 41:32 + (in Ps 93:2 and perhaps elsewhere the Perfect would be possibly); construct נְכוֺן Prov 4:18 feminine נְכוֺנָה Ps 5:10 + 2 t.; plural נְכֹנִים Exod 19:11 + 2 t.; passive or neuter, and (less often) reflexive: —
1. be set up, established, fixed:
\ \ a. literally, of house upon (עַל) pillars Judg 16:26; Judg 16:29, so, in metaphor, of temple-mount, followed by בְּראֹשׁ Isa 2:2 = Mic 4:1 be firm, of breasts at puberty Ezek 16:7 firmly established, of תֵּבֵל Ps 93:1 = Ps 96:10 = 1Chr 16:30 firm, i.e. a strong support, of ׳י's hand יָ דִי תִּכּוֺן עִמּוֺ Ps 89:22 (|| זְרוֺעִי תְאַמְּצֶנּוּ).
\ \ b. figurative, of throne 2Sam 7:16 = 1Chr 17:14; 1Kgs 2:45; Ps 89:38; Ps 93:2; Prov 16:12; Prov 25:5; Prov 29:14 of king, royal family, kingdom 1Sam 20:31; 1Kgs 2:12; 1Kgs 2:46; 2Sam 7:26 =1Chr 17:24.
\ \ c. of any persons, be established, stable, secure, enduring Job 21:8 (with לִפְנֵי), Prov 12:3, also vProv 12:19 (subject שְׂפַת אֱמֶת) Ps 101:7 (with לְנֶגֶד עֵינָ֑י), Ps 102:29 (with לְפָנֶיךָ), Ps 140:12 (with בָּאָרֶץ); of plans Prov 16:3; Prov 20:18 נְכוֺן הַיּוֺם Prov 4:18 the established, stable, (part) of the day, i.e. mid-day, when the sun seems motionless in mid-heaven. — 2Sam 6:6 see נָכוֺן proper name below
\ \ d. fixed, securely determined הַדָּבָר מֵעִם ׳נ הָאֱלֹהִים (|| אֱמֶת) Gen 41:32 (E); so כְּשַׁחַר נָכוֺן מֹצָאוֺ Hos 6:3 ᵑ0, but read כְּשַׁחֲרֵנוּ כֵּן נִמְצָאֵהוּ GieBeiträge 208 Weon the passage; substantiated, certain, of an allegation Deut 13:15 = Deut 17:4 עַלנָֿכוֺן according to (what is) certain, = certainly, assuredly 1Sam 23:23; 1Sam 26:4 (see Dr).
2. in moral sense, be directed aright, of ways Prov 4:26; Ps 119:5 (compare Hiph`il 3); be fixed aright, stedfast נָכוֺן לִבִּי Ps 57:8 (twice in verse); Ps 108:2, so Ps 112:7 לִבָּם לֹא נָכוֺן עִמּוֺ Ps 78:37 רוּחַ נָכוֺן Ps 51:12 (|| לֵב טָהוֺר); לא נָכוֺן לעשׂות כן Exod 8:22 (J) it is not right, proper, etc.; participle feminine נְכוֺנָה as substantive = what is right, the right Job 42:7; Job 42:8 = uprightness Ps 5:10.
3. prepare, be ready, person Amos 4:12 (with ל infinitive); words Prov 22:18 הִכֹּן וְהָכֵן לְךָ Ezek 38:7; 2Chr 35:4 Kt (Qr Hiph`il); participle as adjective = prepared, ready, often with הָוָה, of persons Exod 19:11; Exod 19:15; Exod 34:2; Josh 8:4 (all J E); of things, followed by ל person Job 12:5; Neh 8:10, ל location Job 18:12, ל noun active Ps 38:18 ב location Job 15:23
4. passive be prepared, of judgments Prov 19:29 (ל person); of work be arranged, settled 2Chr 8:16 figurative of prayer Ps 141:2 be arranged, set in order, as incense before thee (> present itself as incense); be arranged, ordered, of temple service 2Chr 29:35; 2Chr 35:10; 2Chr 35:16.

Hiph`il Perfect הֵכִין Josh 4:4 +; suffix הֱכִינַנִי 1Kgs 2:24 הֱכִינוֺ 2Sam 5:12; 1Chr 14:2 הֱכִינָהּ Job 28:27 2 masculine singular הֲכִינוֺתָ Job 11:13 +; 3 plural הֵכִינוּ 1Chr 12:39 +; וְהֵכִינוּ consecutive Exod 16:5 1 plural הֲכִינוֺנוּ 1Chr 29:16 הֵכַנּוּ (Ges«GKC:72»§ 72, R. 6) 2Chr 29:16, etc.; Imperfect יָכִין Judg 12:6 +; וַיָּ֫כֶן 1Chr 15:1 + 3 t., etc.; Imperative הָכֵן Gen 43:16 +; plural הָכִינוּ Josh 1:11 +; Infinitive absolute הָכֵן Josh 3:17, so הָכִין Josh 4:3 (read הָכֵין, see Di), Jer 10:23 (see Gie), Ezek 7:14 (see Sm Co and below; see on all i. 468); construct הָכִין Isa 9:6 +; suffix הֲכִינוֺ Nah 2:4; Prov 8:27 הֲכִינָהּ Jer 33:2 Participle מֵכִין Jer 10:12 + 4 t.; — (favourite word in Chronicles, in various applications)

1. establish, set up:
\ \ a. king (or, one as king) 2Sam 5:12; 1Kgs 2:24; 1Chr 14:2, royal seed Ps 89:5, kingdom 1Sam 13:13; 2Sam 7:12 = 1Chr 17:11; 1Chr 28:7; 2Chr 12:1; 2Chr 17:5, throne 1Chr 22:10 the world תֵּבֵל Jer 10:12 = Jer 51:15 mountains Ps 65:7 heavens Prov 8:27 an altar upon (עַל) its base Ezra 3:3.
\ \ b. God's faithfulness Ps 89:3 heart of humble Ps 10:17.
\ \ c. = accomplish, do Jer 33:2 (|| עשׂה), = make Isa 40:20; Job 28:27.
\ \ d. make firm, only infinitive absolute, as adverb = firmly הָכֵן Josh 3:17 הָכִין Josh 4:3 (see above)
2. a. fix, so as to be ready, make ready, prepare, a gift Gen 43:25 (J), place Exod 23:20 (JE), 2Chr 3:1 with לְ of thing 1Chr 15:1; 1Chr 15:3, also (object omitted) v1Chr 15:12 (see Be, and DaSynt. § 144), 2Chr 1:4 (בַּהֵכִין, see Ges«GKC:138»§ 138. 3. b); often prepare food, accusative + לְ person Josh 1:11 (D), Ps 78:20 לְ omitted Prov 6:8; Prov 30:25 object omitted 1Chr 12:39; 2Chr 35:14 (twice in verse); 2Chr 35:15 both omitted Gen 43:16 (J), 1Chr 9:32 prepare a road Deut 19:3, a sacrifice Zeph 1:7, ambuscades Jer 51:12, one's work Prov 24:27, materials for (לְ) temple 1Chr 22:3; 1Chr 22:14, also v1Chr 22:14b (no לְ), 1Chr 29:2; 1Chr 29:3 weapons (with לְ person) 2Chr 26:14 and (hostile purpose) Ps 7:14, compare Ps 57:7, Isa 14:21 prepare slaughter-place for (לְ) his children; store-rooms 2Chr 31:11 a, also v2Chr 31:11 b (object omitted); gallows (with לְ person) Esth 6:4; Esth 7:10 corn (produce of land) Ps 65:10 land vPs 65:10, so (= restore) Ps 68:11 with accusative of person 2Chr 35:6 figurative of belly preparing deceit Job 15:35 make preparation (for, לְ of thing) 1Chr 22:5, and v1Chr 22:5 (לְ omitted); followed by לִבְנוֺת 1Chr 28:2, with accusative material + לִבְנוֺת 1Kgs 5:32; 1Chr 29:16 without לְ, make ready 1Sam 23:22; Nah 2:4; Ezek 7:14 (read הָכִינוּ הָכֵן Co, for הַכֹּל ׳ה MT) = make full preparation! make thee ready! Jer 46:14 (לְ dativus ethicus [dative of interest]), Ezek 28:7 (id.), 2Chr 35:4.
\ \ b. provide for, provide, furnish Num 23:1; Num 23:29; Num 29:7; Josh 4:4 (all J E), Job 27:16; Job 27:17, food for (לְ) raven Job 39:41, rain for (לְ) earth Ps 147:8; 1Chr 29:19; 2Chr 2:6; Ps 74:16.
3. direct one's face towards (אֶלֿ) Ezek 4:3; Ezek 4:7 in moral and spiritual sense, direct one's step (צַעֲדוֺ) = order aright, Jer 10:23 (see above), Prov 16:9, so (פְּעָמַי) Ps 119:133 אֱלֹהָיו ׳הֵכִין דְּרָכָיו לִפְנֵי י 2Chr 27:6, also (followed by דרכיו only) Prov 21:29 Kt (Qr יָבִין); עַל הַהֵכִין הָאֱלֹהִים לָעָם 2Chr 29:36 that which God had ordered aright for the people (on article = relative pronoun see Ges«GKC:138»§ 138. 3. b); followed by לֵב Job 11:13; Ps 78:8 + לְ, ׳לֹא הֵכִין לִבּוֺ לִדְרוֺשׁ אֶתיֿ 2Chr 12:14, so 2Chr 19:3; 2Chr 30:19 + ׳לִדְרוֺשׁ אֵתאתּוֺרַת י Ezra 7:10 הכין לבב ׳אֶלֿ 1Sam 7:3 direct the heart towards ׳י, 1Chr 29:18 (׳י subject), so (with לֵאלֹהִים) 2Chr 20:33 hence (no object expressed) = give attention, followed by infinitive Judg 12:6.
4. arrange, order 2Chr 29:19 (of sacred vessels; + הִקְדַּשְׁנוּ), 2Chr 35:20 (of temple).

Hoph`al Perfect הוּכַן Isa 30:33, וְהוּכַן consecutive Isa 16:5; Zech 5:11 וְהֻכַֿן Nah 2:6 Participle מוּכָן Prov 21:31, plural מוּכָנִים Ezek 40:43

1. be established, of throne Isa 16:5 be fastened, of hooks Ezek 40:43.
2. be prepared for (לְ person) Isa 30:33 and (לְ temporal) Prov 21:31 absolute Nah 2:6 be ready Zech 5:11.

Po`lel. Perfect 3 masculine singular כּוֺנֵן Ps 9:8 + 3 t., וְכוֺנֵן consecutive Hab 2:12 suffix כּוֺנְַנָהּ Isa 45:18 2 masculine singular כּוֺנַנְתָּ Ps 99:4; Ps 119:90, כּוֺנָ֑נְתָּה Ps 8:4, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְכוֺנֵן Isa 62:7 suffix וַיְכֹנְַנֶ֑ךָ Deut 32:6, יְכוֺנְַנֶהָ Ps 24:2 +, suffix 1 plural וַיְכֻנֶנּוּ Job 31:15 (וַיְכוּנֶּנוּ van d. H); 2 masculine singular תְּכוֺנֵן Ps 7:10; Ps 21:13, etc.; Imperative כּוֺנֵן Job 8:8 (but on text see infra), כּוֺנְַנָה Ps 90:17, suffix כּוֺנְַנֵהוּ Ps 90:17 — originally make firm; —

1. set up, establish:
\ \ a. of men, found, a city Hab 2:12 (|| בנה), Ps 107:36.
\ \ b. of God, establish, king's throne 2Sam 7:13 = 1Chr 17:12, his own throne Ps 9:8 (לְמִשְׁפָּט), sanctuary Exod 15:7 (song), a nation Deut 32:6 (poem; || קנה, עשׂה), a city Ps 48:9; Ps 87:5, תֵּבֵל Ps 24:2 (with עַל, || יָסַד), אֶרֶץ Ps 119:90, compare Isa 45:18, also Ps 68:10 (object omitted, read perhaps אֶרֶץ צִיָּה Bi Che), heavens Prov 3:19 (|| יָסַדאָֿ֑רֶץ), moon and stars Ps 8:4 figurative, steps of men Ps 40:3, work of men's hands Ps 90:17 (twice in verse), justice Ps 99:4 establish, i.e. vindicate and make secure to righteous (צַדִּיק) Ps 7:10.
2. constitute, make, a man (in womb) Job 31:15 (|| עשׂה), compare Ps 119:73 (|| id.); with accusative + לְ of thing + לְ person reflexive 2Sam 7:24 thou hast made for thyself (לְךָ), thy people (אֶתעַֿמְּךָ) Israel for thyself (לְךָ) into a people (לְעָם) for ever.
3. fix, so as to be ready, arrow upon (עַל) string Ps 11:2, so (חֵץ omitted) Ps 21:13 (with עַלפְּֿנֵיהֶם), and possibly (חֵץ omitted) Isa 51:13 (Di Che and others; but dubious, compare Du; verse corrupt according to CheIntr. Is. 427), a bow Ps 7:13.
4. direct (that is לֵב), followed by לְחֵקֶר Job 8:8, i.e. give attention to (but no || in Po`lel; read perhaps בּוֺנֵן, compare Deut 32:10, see Ol Di). Po`lal. Perfect be established: ׳מי מִצְעֲדֵיגֶֿבֶר כּוֺנָ֑נוּ Ps 37:23 from ׳י are a man's steps established; = be prepared כּוֺנָנ֑וּ Ezek 28:13 but strike out Co Da after A B ᵑ6 and others Hithpo`el. Imperfect; be established, of house, 3 masculine singular יִתְכּוֺנָ֑ן Prov 24:3 (|| יִבָּנֶה), of nation, 2 feminine singular תִּכּוֺנָ֑נִי (Ges«GKC:54»§ 54. 2. b) Isa 54:14 3 feminine singular תִּכּוֺנֵן = be restored, of city Num 21:27 (J E; || תִּבָּנֶה); set oneself, take one's stand 3 masculine plural יִכּוֺנָ֑נוּ Ps 59:5.


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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