Sojourn, Sojourner, Sojourning - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Sojourn, Sojourner, Sojourning

[ A-1,Verb,G3939, paroikeo ]
denotes to dwell beside, among or by" (para, "beside," oikeo, "to dwell"); then, "to dwell in a place as a paroikos, a stranger" (See below), Luke 24:18, RV, "Dost thou (alone) sojourn ...?" [marg., "Dost thou sojourn (alone)" is preferable], AV, "art thou (only) a stranger?" (monos, "alone," is an adjective, not an adverb); in Hebrews 11:9, RV, "he became a sojourner" (AV, "he sojourned"), the RV gives the force of the aorist tense.

[ A-2,Verb,G1927, epidemeo ]
is rendered "to sojourn" in Acts 17:21, RV.

[ B-1,Adjective,G3941, paroikos ]
an adjective, akin to A, No. 1, lit., "dwelling near" (See above), then, "foreign, alien" (found with this meaning in inscriptions), hence, as a noun, "a sojourner," is used with eimi, "to be," in Acts 7:6, "should sojourn," lit., "should be a sojourner;" in Acts 7:29, RV, "sojourner" (AV, "stranger"); in Ephesians 2:19, RV "sojourners" (AV, "foreigners"), the preceding word rendered "strangers" is xenos; in 1 Peter 2:11, RV, ditto (AV, "strangers").

[ B-2,Adjective,G590, apodemos ]
"gone abroad" (apo, "from," demos, "people"), signifies "sojourning in another country," Mark 13:34, RV (AV, "taking a far journey").

[ B-3,Adjective,G3927, parepidemos ]
"sojourning in a strange place," is used as a noun, denoting "a sojourner, an exile," 1 Peter 1:1, RV, "sojourners" (AV, "strangers"). See PILGRIM.

[ C-1,Noun,G3940, paroikia ]
"a sojourning" (akin to A and B, Nos. 1), occurs in Acts 13:17, rendered "they sojourned," RV, AV, "dwelt as strangers," lit., "in the sojourning;" in 1 Peter 1:17, "sojourning."

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words