Household - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ A-1,Noun,G3624, oikos ]
is translated household" in Acts 16:15; 1 Corinthians 1:16; in the AV of 2 Timothy 4:19 (RV, "house"). See HOUSE, No. 1.

[ A-2,Noun,G3614, oikia ]
is translated "household" in Philippians 4:22. See HOUSE, No. 2.

[ A-3,Noun,G3610, oiketeia ]
denotes "a household of servants," Matthew 24:45 (some mss. have No. 4 here).

[ A-4,Noun,G2322, therapeia ]
"service, care, attention," is also used in the collective sense of "a household," in Luke 12:42 (See No. 3). See HEALING.


(1) In Romans 16:10-Romans 16:11, the phrase "those of the household" translates a curtailed phrase in the original, lit., "the (persons) of (ek, 'consisting of') the (members of the household of)."

(2) In 1 Corinthians 1:11, "they which are of the household (AV, house) of Chloe" is, lit., "the ... of Chloe," the Eng. translation being necessary to express the idiom.

[ B-1,Adjective,G3609, oikeios ]
akin to A, No. 1, primarily signifies "of, or belonging to, a house," hence, "of persons, one's household, or kindred," as in 1 Timothy 5:8, RV, "household," AV "house," marg., "kindred;" in Ephesians 2:19, "the household of God" denotes the company of the redeemed; in Galatians 6:10, it is called "the household of the faith," RV. In these two cases oikeios is used in the same sense as those mentioned under oikos (A, No. 1).

[ B-2,Adjective,G3615, oikiakos ]
from A, No. 2, denotes "belonging to one's household, one's own;" it is used in Matthew 10:25, Matthew 10:36.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words