Court - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ 1,,G60, agoraios ]
is an adjective, signifying pertaining to the agora, any place of public meeting, and especially where trials were held," Acts 19:38; the RV translates the sentence "the courts are open;" a more literal rendering is "court days are kept." In Acts 17:5 it is translated in the RV, "rabble;" AV, "baser sort," lit., "frequenters of the markets." See BASER.

[ 2,,G833, aule ]
primarily, "an uncovered space around a house, enclosed by a wall, where the stables were," hence was used to describe
(a) "the courtyard of a house;" in the OT it is used of the "courts" of the tabernacle and Temple; in this sense it is found in the NT in Revelation 11:2;
(b) "the courts in the dwellings of well-to-do folk," which usually had two, one exterior, between the door and the street (called the proaulion, or "porch," Mark 14:68), the other, interior, surrounded by the buildings of the dwellings, as in Matthew 26:69 (in contrast to the room where the judges were sitting); Mark 14:66; Luke 22:55; AV, "hall;" RV "court" gives the proper significance, Matthew 26:3, Matthew 26:58; Mark 14:54; Mark 15:16 (RV, "Praetorium"); Luke 11:21; John 18:15. It is here to be distinguished from the Praetorium, translated "palace." See HALL, PALACE. For the other meaning "sheepfold," John 10:1, John 10:16, See FOLD.

[ 3,,G933, basileion ]
an adjective meaning "royal," signifies, in the neuter plural, "a royal palace," translated "kings' courts" in Luke 7:25; in the singular, 1 Peter 2:9, "royal." See ROYAL.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words