Band - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
Band[ 1,,G4686, speira ]
primarily anything round," and so "whatever might be wrapped round a thing, a twisted rope," came to mean "a body of men at arms," and was the equivalent of the Roman manipulus. It was also used for a larger body of men, a cohort, about 600 infantry, commanded by a tribune. It is confined to its military sense. See, e.g., Matthew 27:27, and corresponding passages.
[ 2,,G1199, desmos ]
"a band, fetter, anything for tying" (from deo, "to bind, fasten with chains, etc."), is sometimes translated "band," sometimes "bond;" "bands," in Luke 8:29; Acts 16:26; Acts 22:30, AV only. In the case of the deaf man who had an impediment in his speech, whom the Lord took aside, Mark 7:35, the AV says "the string of his tongue was loosed;" the RV, more literally, "the bond of his tongue." See BOND, CHAIN, STRING.
[ 3,,G4886, sundesmos ]
an intensive form of No. 2, denoting "that which binds firmly together," is used metaphorically of the joints and bands of the mystic body of Christ, Colossians 2:19; otherwise in the following phrases, "the bond of iniquity," Acts 8:23; "the bond of peace," Ephesians 4:3; "the bond of perfectness," Colossians 3:14. See BOND.
[ 4,,G2202, zeukteria ]
"a bond" (connected with zugos, "a yoke"), is found once, of the rudder band of a ship, Acts 27:40.