BDB8965 [H8213]

שָׁפֵל verb be or become low, be abased (Late Hebrew, derived species; Assyrian šapâlu, derived species and derivatives; Sabean ספל noun humility or lowland DHMxxix (1875), 604; Arabic , , be low (LagBN 48); Aramaic שְׁפַל, (derived species)); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׁ Isa 2:11 2 feminine singular וְשָׁפַלְתְּ Isa 29:4, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיִּשְׁפַּל Isa 2:9; Isa 5:15 3 feminine plural תִּשְׁפַּלְנָה Isa 5:15, etc.; Infinitive construct שְׁפַל Eccl 12:4; Prov 16:19, see below; —
1. all Isaiah: become (be brought, laid) low, of trees Isa 10:33 (|| גְּדֻעִים), mountains Isa 40:4 (opposed to נִשָּׂא), of כָּלנִֿשָּׂא Isa 2:12 (but read, for ׳שׁ, נִשְׂגָּב [Kohler], or גָּבֹהַּ [Lag], so Du CheHpt Di-Kit Marti); figurative be humiliated, of man Isa 2:9; Isa 5:15, his loftiness Isa 2:17, haughty eyes vIsa 2:11 (all || שָׁחַח), Isa 5:15 of city Isa 32:19 as helping verb (= adverb) מֵאֶרֶץ ׳וְשׁ תְּדַבֵּ֑רִי Isa 29:4 thou shalt speak low out of the ground (Ges«GKC:120g»§ 120g; || מֵעָפָר תִּשַׁח אִמְרָתֵךְ).
2. שְׁפַלרֿוּחַ Prov 16:9 to be lowly of spirit, so Buhl SS Toy and others; Thes Rob Ges and others below שָׁפָל.
3. of sound Eccl 12:4. Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הִשְׁפִּיל Isa 25:12, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַשְׁפִּיל Ps 75:8, suffix יַשְׁפִּילֶנָּה יַשְׁפִּילָהּ Isa 26:5 (but 2nd verb probably doublet), etc.; Imperative masculine plural (suffix) הַשְׁפִּילֵ (הוּׅ Job 40:11; Jer 13:18 Infinitive construct suffix הַשְׁפִּילְךָ Prov 25:7 (Ezek 21:31 read absolute הַשְׁפֵּיל, || הַגְבֵּהַּ, so Co Krae Ges«GKC:113bb»§ 113bb R. 3); Participle מַשְׁפִּיל 1Sam 2:7; Ps 147:6 מַשְׁפִּילִי (Ges«GKC:90l»§ 90l) Ps 113:6
1. usually figurative, ׳י subject, lay low, tree Ezek 17:24 (opposed to הִגְבַּהְתִּי); city Isa 26:5 (|| הֵשַׁח); fortress Isa 25:12 (+ הֵשַׁח; Du thinks doublet of Isa 26:5); humiliate pride vIsa 26:11; Isa 13:11, compare Job 40:11 object עֵינַיִם רָמוֺת Ps 18:28, so read also || 2Sam 22:28, אַףמְֿרוֺמֵם׳מַשׁ׳י 1Sam 2:7, רְשָׁעִים Ps 147:6 וְזֶה יָרִים ׳זֶה יַשׁ Ps 75:8, compare Ezek 21:31.
2. hum. subject set one in a lower place Prov 25:7 subject hum. pride Prov 29:23 declar. Isa 57:9 thou didst shew abasement עַדשְֿׁאוֺל.
3. as helping verb: + verb coordinate, שֵׁ֑בוּ ׳הַשׁ Jer 13:18 make low, sit down = take a low seat (Ges«GKC:120g»§ 120g); + infinitive לִרְאוֺת ׳מַשׁ Ps 113:6 he who maketh low to look upon heaven and earth (i.e. ׳י; || הַמַּגְבִּיתִי לָשָׁ֑בֶת vPs 113:5 Ges«GKC:114m»§ 114m). — הִשְׁפִּילוּ וַתּאֹמֶר גֵּוָה֑ Job 22:29 is dubious; || יוֺשִׁעַ favours אֱלוֺהַּ as subject, which Bu conjecture For ׳וַתּאֹ, read then הִשְׁפִּיל, ׳א hath abased pride, so (in part) Du; > they cast (thee) down (RV); men are cast down (׳הִשׁ intransitive; AV, compare LagBN 121); (thy ways) are brought low (Ew De Di).

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer