BDB5498 [H5462 H4042]

I. סָגַר verb shut, close (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic סְגַר, id.; Zinjirli מסגרת prison Lzb328; Phoenician סגר Pi`el or Hiph`il deliver over; possibly Ethiopic (prison) guard PräBAS i. 371); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳ס Gen 19:6 +, 3 plural סָֽגְרוּ 2Chr 29:7, סָֽגְר֑וּ Ps 17:10 (compare Baer's n., Ges«GKC:29o»§ 29o ii, 1, 535 Anm.), סָגָר֑וּ Gen 19:10; Josh 2:7 Imperfect יִסְגֹּר Job 12:14; Mal 1:10, 1 plural cohortative נִסְגְּרָה Neh 6:10, etc.; Imperative masculine singular סְגֹר Ps 35:3; Isa 26:20 (וּסֲגֹר Baer Ginsb), masculine plural סִגְרוּ 2Kgs 6:32 Infinitive construct לִסְגּוֺר Josh 2:5 Participle active סֹגֵר Isa 22:22 feminine סֹגֶּרֶת Josh 6:1 (but see below); passive סָגוּר 1Kgs 6:20 + 12 t.; —
1. shut door (דֶּלֶת) Gen 19:10 (J) 2Kgs 6:32; Mal 1:10; Neh 6:10; 2Chr 28:24; 2Chr 29:7 gate (שַׁעַר) Josh 2:7 (JE) Ezek 46:12, compare Ezek 44:1; Ezek 44:2 (twice in verse); Ezek 46:1, לִסְגֹּר ׳וַיְהִי הַשּׁ Josh 2:5 (JE), also (שַׁעַר omitted) Josh 6:1 (si vera 1.; סֹגֶרֶת dittograph according to BuhlLex 13); door after one (אַחֲרֵי), on leaving room Gen 19:6 (J); upon, behind, oneself, from within (בְּעַד q. v.) 2Kgs 4:4; 2Kgs 4:5; 2Kgs 4:33; Isa 26:20 (figurative), also (דֶּלֶת omitted) Judg 9:51; 2Kgs 4:21 with דֶּלֶת + בְּעַד upon one left inside Judg 3:23, and (דֶּלֶת omitted) Gen 7:16 (J); figurative דַּלְתֵי בִטְנִי ׳ס Job 3:10, compare רַחְמָהּ ׳ס 1Sam 1:5, בְּעַד ׳ס רַחְמָהּ v1Sam 1:6 absolute shut (opposed to פָּתַח) Isa 22:22 (twice in verse); metaphor ׳חֶלְבָּמוֺ ס Ps 17:10 their fat (i.e. gross, unreceptive heart) they have closed.
2. a. close in upon (בְּעַד) Judg 3:22 (fat upon blade of sword), so possibly also וַיִּסְגֹּר בָּשָׂר תַּחְתֶּנָּה Gen 2:21 (J) and flesh closed in, in place of it (usually and he closed flesh, i.e. closed the gap with flesh); עֲלֵיהֶם הַמִּדְבָּר ׳ס Exod 14:3 the wilderness hath closed in upon them; object omitted, יִסְגֹּר עַלאִֿישׁ Job 12:14 he closeth in upon a man, figurative of imprisonment.
\ \ b. close up breach (פֶּרֶץ) [in wall] of city 1Kgs 11:27 possibly close up [path] (si vera 1.) Ps 35:3 Vrss Ol De Bae; JDMich DeW Ew Hup-Now Che take סְגֹר here as weapon, usually battle-axe [Greek σάγαρις] of Massagetae Herodi. 215 compare LagGes. Abh. 203, also Egyptian sagart· (loan-word) Bondi55; both improbable, text probably corrupt; SchwZAW xi (1891), 258 reads חֲגֹר > HalRev. Sém. iii (1894), 47 עוּרָה (compare Ps 59:5).
3. Passive participle, closed up = closely joined with tight seal, Job 41:7 (of scales of crocodile).
4. elsewhere only Passive participle in זָהָב סָגוּר (gold shut up, and so prized, rare, fine ?), only of temple adornment and utensils 1Kgs 6:20; 1Kgs 6:21; 1Kgs 7:49; 1Kgs 7:50; 1Kgs 10:21 = 1Chr 9:20; 1Chr 4:20; 1Chr 4:22 perhaps read סָגוּר (abbreviated for ׳ס ׳ז) Job 28:15 (for ᵑ0 סְגוֺר, so Hoffm Bu Du): compare Assyrian —urâƒu sakru, DlHWB 499.

Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִסְגַּר 1Sam 23:7 Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִסָּגֵר Ezek 46:2 3 feminine singular jussive תִּסָּגֵר Num 12:14, וַתִּסָּגֵר vNum 12:15 3 masculine plural יִסָּנֵר֑וּ Isa 45:1; Isa 60:11, וַיִּסָּֽגְרוּ Neh 13:19 Imperative masculine singular הִסָּגֵר Ezek 3:24

1. subject person be shut up [in city] 1Sam 23:7, מִחוּץ לַמַּחֲנֶה Num 12:14; Num 12:15 (E); בְּתוֺךְ בַּיִת Ezek 3:24.
2. be shut, closed, of city gates Ezek 46:2; Isa 45:1; Isa 60:11 and (דלתות) Neh 13:19.

Pi`el Perfect 3 masculine singular סִגַּר 1Sam 26:8; 2Sam 18:28 suffix סִגְּרַנִי 1Sam 24:19 Imperfect 3 masculine singular suffix יְסַגֶּרְךָ 1Sam 17:46deliver up to (leave no other opening for one, shut one up to), compare [מָגַן], מִגֵּן, p. 171 b above), only Samuel: with accusative of person + בְּיַד 1Sam 17:46; 1Sam 24:19; 1Sam 26:8 בְּיַד omitted 2Sam 18:28 (see also Hiph`il). p. 698 Pu`al Perfect 3 masculine singular סֻגַּר Isa 24:10 3 plural סֻגְּרוּ Jer 13:19, וְסֻגְּרוּ consecutive Isa 24:22 Participle feminine מְסֻגֶּ֫רֶת Josh 6:1be shut up:

1. of cities Jer 13:19 (opposed to פָּתַח), of beleaguered city Josh 6:1 (JE), of houses Isa 24:10 (+ מִבּוֺא).
2. of prisoners עַלמַֿסְגֵּר Isa 24:22 = down into a dungeon.
3. of doors Eccl 12:14.

Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הִסְגִּיר Lev 14:46 +; 2 masculine singular suffix הִסְגַּרְתַּ֫נִי Ps 31:9 1 singular וְהִסְגַּרְתִּ֫י Amos 6:8, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַסְגִּיר Job 11:10, וַיַּסְגֵּר Ps 78:48; Ps 78:62 2 masculine singular תַּסְגִּר Deut 23:16, jussive תַּסְגֵּר Obad 1:14, etc.; Infinitive construct הַסְגִּיר Amos 1:6, suffix הַסְגִּירוֺ 1Sam 23:20, הַסְגִּירָם Amos 1:9

1. deliver up to (compare Pi`el), with accusative of person + בְּיַד 1Sam 23:11; 1Sam 23:12; 1Sam 23:20; 1Sam 30:15; Josh 20:5 (D) Ps 31:9 + לְ Amos 1:9; Ps 78:50; Ps 78:62, and (accusative of person omitted) Amos 1:6 + אֶלֿ Deut 23:16; Job 16:11 with accusative of animal + לְ Ps 78:48 with accusative of person alone Deut 32:30; Obad 1:14, accusative omitted 1Sam 23:12 with accusative urb. alone Amos 6:8.
2. shut up (late; chiefly Lev 13, 14, P):
\ \ a. with accusative of person Lev 13:5; Lev 13:11; Lev 13:21; Lev 13:26 compare vLev 13:4 vLev 13:31 vLev 13:33, so (absolute) = imprison Job 11:10 with accusative of thing Lev 13:54 compare vLev 13:50.
\ \ b. with accusative הַבַּיִת Lev 14:38 and (indefinite subject) vLev 14:46.


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in https://marvel.bible by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer

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