BDB5205 [H5234]

I. [נָכַר] verb (not Qal) regard, recognize (Late Hebrew Hiph`il know, be acquainted with; ᵑ7 Aph`el id.; Syriac Aph`el id.; compare also Arabic in sense be shrewd, cunning);

**Arabic be shrewd, apparently rare, compare cunning Lane2850 a. —
Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine plural לֹא נִכְּרוּ Lam 4:8 they are not recognized. Pi`el Perfect לֹא נִכַּר שׁוֺע לִפְנֵידָֿ֑ל Job 34:19 he regardeth not the opulent above the poor (|| לֹאנָֿשָׂא פְּנֵי שָׂרִים); Imperfect לֹא תְנַכֵּ֑רוּ Job 21:29 do ye not recognize their tokens. Hiph`il Perfect הִכִּיר Deut 33:9; Dan 11:39 Kt; suffix הִכִּירוֺ Gen 27:23 3 plural הִכִּירוּ Judg 18:3 + 2 t., suffix הִכִּירֻהוּ Job 2:12, הִכִּרֻהוּ Gen 42:8 Imperfect יַכִּיר Deut 21:17 + 3 t. + Dan 11:39 Qr; וַיַּכֵּר Gen 38:26 +; suffix וַיַּכִּרֵ֫הוּ 1Kgs 18:7, יַכִּירֶ֫נּוּ Job 7:10, וַיַּכִּירָהּ Gen 37:33, etc.; Imperative ַ˜הכֶּרֿ Gen 31:32 + 2 t.; Infinitive absolute הֵַ˜כּרֿ (Ginsb van d. H. ַ˜הכֶּרֿ) Prov 24:23; Prov 28:21 construct suffix הַכִּירֵנִי Ruth 2:10 Participle מַכִּיר Ps 142:5, suffix מַכִּירֵךְ Ruth 2:19, etc.; —
1. regard, observe, especially with a view to recognition, with object clause, Gen 31:32; Gen 37:32; Gen 38:25 pay attention to, with accusative of person Ruth 2:10; Ruth 2:19 accusative of thing (of God) Job 34:25 accusative of thing omitted 2Sam 3:36 ׳י subject כֵּן אַכִּיר ֗֗֗ לְטוֺבָה Jer 24:5 so will I regard the exiles ... for good; Antiochus subject Dan 11:39 הִכִּיר פָּנִים pay regard to (shew partiality, = ׳נָשָׂא פְּנֵי פ) Deut 1:17; Deut 16:19 (|| הִטָּה מִשְׁפָּט), Prov 24:23; Prov 28:21.

2. Recognize (as formerly known) with accusative of person or thing, Gen 27:23; Gen 37:33; Gen 38:26 (all J), Gen 42:7; Gen 42:8 (twice in verse) (E), 1Kgs 18:7; 1Kgs 20:41; Job 2:12 proverb. בְּטֶרֶם יַכִּיר אִישׁ אֶתרֵֿעֵהוּ Ruth 3:14 before a man could recognize his fellow (i.e. before dawn); recognize voice (קוֺל), Judg 18:3; 1Sam 26:17 = perceive the true situation, וָאַכִּירָה וְהִנֵּה Neh 6:12 and I perceived, and lo! God had not sent him.

3. Be willing to recognize, acknowledge Deut 21:17; Deut 33:9; Isa 63:16 (|| יָדַע), Ps 142:5 acknowledge with honour Isa 61:9.

4. Be acquainted with, לֹא יַכִּירֶנּוּ עוֺד מְקוֺמוֺ Job 7:10 his place shall be acquainted with him no more (he shall be gone and forgotten), compare Ps 103:16 with accusative of thing Job 24:17.

5. Distinguish, understand, הִכִּיר קוֺל ֗֗֗ לְקוֺל Ezra 3:13 could not distinguish, etc.; compare Job 4:16 could not distinguish its appearance; הִכִּיר לְדַבֵּר Neh 13:24 understand how to speak, etc.

Hithpa`el Imperfect יִתְנַכֶּרנָֿ֑עַר Prov 20:11 by his deeds a youth maketh himself known, whether his doing be pure, etc.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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