BDB4830 [H4843]

I. מָרַר verb be bitter (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian marâru and derivatives DlHWB 427; Arabic become roused (of bile), II. make bitter, IV. become bitter; bitter; Ethiopic ; Aramaic , מְרַר); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular מַר Isa 38:17 + 2 t.; 3 feminine singular מָ֫רָה 1Sam 30:6; 2Kgs 4:27 Imperfect 3 masculine singular יֵמַר Isa 24:9be bitter:
1. literal יֵמַר שֵׁכָר לְשֹׁתָיו Isa 24:9.
2. figurative מָ֫רָה נֶפֶשׁ 1Sam 30:6 the soul of all the people was bitter against (עַלֿ); נַפְשָׁהּ מָ֫רָהלָֿהּ 2Kgs 4:27 her soul, it is bitter to her (i.e. she is in bitter distress); impersonal מַרלִֿי מְאֹד מִכֶּם Ruth 1:13 it is very bitter to me on your account (I am much distressed), compare Lam 1:4. — לְשָׁלוֺם מַרלִֿי מָ֑ר Isa 38:17 is dubious; CheComm. for (my) welfare was it (so) bitter to me, (so) bitter, compare Brd; so De Kau (treating מר apparently as adjective ); < Drechsl. Di for my welfare did the bitter become bitter to me (מָ֑ר adjective); Lo Gr, compare Buhl (sub מַר adjective ), read מָר for מַר (√ מור), the bitter is changed for me into welfare; CheHpt strike out מָ֑ר; Du (after ᵐ5) strike out clause as gloss. Pi`el Imperfect 1 singular אֲמָרֵר Isa 22:4 3 masculine plural וַיְמָֽרֲרוּ Exod 1:14, suffix וַיְמָֽרֲרֻהוּ Gen 49:23make bitter, shew bitterness:
1. ׳וַיְמ Gen 49:23 (poem) and the archers shewed bitterness (i.e. bitter hostility) toward him (suffix of indirect object); אֲמָרֵר בַּבֶּכִ֑י Isa 22:4 I will shew bitterness in weeping (= weep bitterly).
2. אֶתחַֿיֵּיהֶם ׳וַיְמ Exod 1:14 (P) and they made their lives bitter by slavery. Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הֵמַר Ruth 1:20; Job 27:2 Imperfect 2 masculine singular תַּמֵּר Exod 23:21 (but read תֶּ֫מֶרמרה Hiph`il q. v.); Infinitive absolute הָמֵר Zech 12:10 (twice in verse); — make bitter, shew bitterness:
1. שַׁדַּי הֵמַר נַפְשִׁי Job 27:2 Shadday, who hath embittered my soul; הֵמַר שַׁדַּי לִי מְאֹד Ruth 1:20.
2. וְהָמֵר עָלָיו כְּהָמֵר עַלהַֿבְּכוֺר Zech 12:10 and a bitter outcry (= literally shewing bitterness; || מִסְפֵּד, סָפַד) over him, like a bitter outcry over the first-born. Hithpalpel Imperfect וְיִתְמַרְמַר Dan 11:11 and the king of the south shall embitter himself (be enraged); אֶלֿ ׳וַיִּתְמ Dan 8:7 and he was enraged against.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer