BDB2986 [H2637]

חָסֵר verb lack, need, be lacking, decrease (see LagBN 143; Late Hebrew חִסֵּר cause to lack or fail, diminish (active), and derivatives; Aramaic חֲסַר, , want, lack, and derivatives, compare Phoenician מחסר, see מחסור below; Arabic remove, strip off; disappear, retire (of water), fail (of sight), etc.; perhaps also Ethiopic be inferior, worthless, diminished Di590 and derivatives) —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳ח 1Kgs 17:16 2 masculine singular חָסַרְתָּ Deut 2:7 3 plural חָסֵ֑רוּ Neh 9:21 1 plural חָסַרְנוּ Jer 44:18 Imperfect יֶחְסַר Deut 15:8 + 2 t.; יֶחְסָ֑ר Prov 31:11; Eccl 9:8 3 feminine singular תֶּחְסָ֑ר 1Kgs 17:14; Prov 13:25 2 masculine singular תֶּחְסַר Deut 8:9 1 singular תֶּחְסָ֑ר Ps 23:1 plural יַחְסְרוּ Ps 34:11; Ezek 4:17 וַיַּחְסְרוּ Gen 8:3 יַחְסְרוּן Gen 18:28 Infinitive construct חֲסַר Prov 10:21 Ew§ 238 a, compare Ges«GKC:45»§ 45. 1 a; absolute חָסוֺר Gen 8:5 Participle חָסֵר 1Kgs 11:22; Eccl 10:3 (see חָסֵר below); —
1. lack:
\ \ a. with accusative Gen 18:28 (J) perchance the fifty righteous lack five, Deut 2:7 thou hast not lacked anything, Deut 8:9; Jer 44:18; 1Kgs 11:22; Ezek 4:17; Ps 34:11; Prov 31:11, compare also בַּחֲסַרלֵֿב Prov 10:21 by lacking intelligence (sense), (Di puts here Deut 15:8, see below)
\ \ b. absolute be in want, want Ps 23:1; Prov 13:25; Neh 9:21.
2. be lacking, לוֺ ׳מַחְסֹרוֺ אֲשֶׁר יֶח Deut 15:8 his lack (i.e. thing needed), which is lacking to him (possible also is, which he lacks for himself, so Di, see above); שֶׁמֶן ׳עַלרֹֿאְשְׁךָ אַליֶֿח Eccl 9:8 oil on thy head let it not be lacking; see also absolute Isa 51:14; Song 7:3, and לִבּוֺ חָסֵר Eccl 10:3 his sense is lacking; of jar of oil 1Kgs 17:14; 1Kgs 17:16 (absolute) by meton. for the oil itself (compare || כלה be consumed, exhausted).
3. diminish, decrease, of waters Gen 8:3 (P), compare הָלוֺךְ וְחָסוֺר vGen 8:5 (P), waters continually diminished (see הלך above). Pi`el cause to lack, with accusative of person, Imperfect 2 masculine singular suffix וַתְּחַסְּרֵהוּ מעט מֵאֱלהים Ps 8:6 and thou didst make him lack little of God; Participle וּמְחַסֵּר אתנֿפשׁי מִטּוֺבָה Eccl 4:8 for whom am I labouring and depriving myself of good things? Hiph`il Perfect הֶחֱסִיר Exod 16:18 Imperfect יַחְסִיר Isa 32:6cause to be lacking, fail, with accusative of thing ׳מַשְׁקֵה צָמֵא יַח Isa 32:6 the drink of the thirsty he causeth to fail (|| לְהָרִיק נפשׁ רָעֵב); absolute Exod 16:18 (P), he that gathered little caused no lack.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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