גּוֺרָל77 noun masculine
[Lev 16:8] & ( [Josh 21:10], but see below) feminine lot: (Late Hebrew id. & denominative Hiph`il הִגְרִיל cast lots) — absolute ׳ג [Josh 16:1] + 51 t.; construct גּוֺרַל [Josh 18:11] + 2 t., גֹּרַל [Num 36:3] suffix גּוֺרָלִי [Ps 16:5], גֹּרָלִי [Judg 1:3], גּוֺרָֽלְךָ [Prov 1:14], גֹּרָֽלְךָ [Dan 12:13], גּוֺרָלֶ֑ךָ [Judg 1:3], גּוֺרָלֵךְ [Jer 13:25]; [Isa 57:6], גּוֺרָלוֺ [1Chr 26:14], גּוֺרָלָם [Josh 18:11] + 2 t.; plural גּוֺרָלוֺת [Jonah 1:7] + 8 t., גֹּרָלוֺת [Lev 16:8] — a lot cast for the decision of questions [Prov 18:18], designation of persons, etc., for service or punishment, assignment of property, etc.; probably stones put into the bosom-fold of a garment, [Prov 16:33] (׳בַּחֵיק יוּטַל אֶתהַֿגּ), or into a vessel, and shaken until one springs out (עָלָה, יָצָא or — late — נָפַל); this was regarded originally as divine decision (compare on Urim & Thummim p. 22, above); for the agent, the usual verbs are הִשְׁלִיךְ, יָרָה, נָתַן, and הִפִּיל. Particularly: —
1. lot for dividing land, especially that which Joshua cast at Shiloh ׳לִפְנֵי י
[Josh 18:6] (יָרָה) v [Josh 18:8] v [Josh 18:10] (both הִשְׁלִיךְ; all three followed by לְ of person for whom; all J E); compare [Josh 19:51] (P); so of lot coming up, or forth, עָלָה [Josh 18:11] (construct; P), also followed by לְ person [Josh 19:10] (P), & following with יָצָא [Josh 16:11] (JE), [Num 33:54]; [Josh 19:1]; [Josh 19:17]; [Josh 19:24]; [Josh 19:32]; [Josh 19:40]; [Josh 21:4] (all P); be divided by lot ׳יֵחָלֵק בְּג [Num 26:55], or according to lot תֵּחָלֵק ׳עַלפִּֿי הַגּ v [Num 26:56] apportion by lot הִתְנַחֲלוּ ׳בְּג [Num 33:54]; [Num 34:13], ׳נִחַל בְּג [Josh 19:51] give by lot ׳נָתַן בְּג [Num 36:2] ׳נָתַן בַּגּ [Josh 21:8] (all P) [1Chr 6:50] have by lot ׳בַּגּ ׳הָיָה ל [Josh 21:4], & (היה omitted) v [Josh 21:5] v [Josh 21:6] (all P) compare [1Chr 6:46]; [1Chr 6:48] also [Josh 21:10] (P; רִאישֹׁנָה ׳הַגּ, only here feminine; ᵐ5 — not ᵐ5L — omits ראישׁנה, & so) || [1Chr 6:39] compare further [Isa 34:17] (הִפִּיל לְ).
2. lot for assigning to service, duty or punishment,
\ \ a. concerning the goats on day of atonement,
[Lev 16:8] (נָתַן עַל) v [Lev 16:8] v [Lev 16:8] (followed by לְ); compare v [Lev 16:9] v [Lev 16:10] (עָלָה עַל; all P).
\ \ b. assigning priests to their courses, singers, musicians & porters to their duties, by lot ׳חָלַק בְּג
[1Chr 24:5] ׳הִפִּיל ג v [1Chr 24:31]; [1Chr 25:8]; [1Chr 26:13] (followed by לְ of position) v [1Chr 26:14] of lot coming forth (יָצָא לְ person) [1Chr 24:7] (compare v [1Chr 24:7] v [1Chr 24:18]) [1Chr 25:9] (compare v [1Chr 25:9-31]) [1Chr 26:14] compare וַיֵּצֵא גּוֺרָלוֺ v [1Chr 26:14].
\ \ c. cast lots for dwelling in Jerusalem (׳הִפִּיל ג)
[Neh 1:11] (followed by infinitive)
\ \ d. for supplying wood for altar-fire
[Neh 10:35] (הִפִּיל עַל); here belongs probably also
\ \ e.
[Judg 20:9] ׳עָלֶיהָ בְּג, reference to v [Judg 20:10] (determining who shall go up, and who supply provision) ᵐ5 ἀναβησόμεθα ἐπ’ αὐτὴν ἐν κλήρῳ, so Stu (insert perhaps נעלה), compare AV RV, BuRS 151 (who reads ׳נַפִּילָה בְּג); > ᵑ6 Be Ke who reference ׳ג here to division of land of captured city. feminine to determine guilty persons [Jonah 1:7] (twice in verse) (both הִפִּיל) v [Jonah 1:17] (נָפַל עַל); so apparently [Ezek 24:6] of inhabitants of Jerusalem under figure of flesh in pot ׳לֹאנָֿפַל עָלֶיהָ ג no lot is fallen over it, i.e. no discrimination is made, destruction is to include the whole city; (compare also [Josh 1:41]ff. where divine agency in detection is prominent but word גּוֺרָל not used).
\ \ g. in allotting slaves
[Joel 4:3] אֶלעַֿמִּי ׳יַדּוּ גּ; [Nah 3:10] (יַדּוּ עַל); so [Obad 1:11] ׳וְעַליְֿרוּשָׁלִַם יַדּוּ ג — all with verb ידד q. v.
\ \ h. in distributing plundered garments
[Ps 22:19] (הִפִּיל על).
\ \ i. to determine favourable day for a scheme, הִפִּיל
[Esth 3:7] (לִפְנֵי הָמָן) [Esth 9:24] (followed by infinitive; see also פּוּר).
3. thing assigned, apportioned, allotted especially of land assigned by lot, allotment
[Josh 15:1]; [Josh 17:1]; [Josh 21:38] (all P), [Josh 17:14]; [Josh 17:17] = portion, share (|| נַחֲלָה J E); compare גֹּרַל נַחֲלָתֵנוּ [Num 36:3] (P), גּוֺרַל נַחֲלָתָם [Josh 14:2] (P; but perhaps read absolute גּוֺרָל compare Di); also גְּבוּל גּוֺרָלָם [Josh 18:11] (P) the boundary of their allotment; עָרֵי גוֺרָלָם [Josh 21:20] (P); see further [Judg 1:3] (twice in verse); so probably [Mic 2:5] ׳הִשְׁלִיךְ חֶבֶל בְּג (Hi Che; compare also Ew); [Ps 125:3], land, exposed to oppressive exaction; also figurative of ׳י as portion, allotment of his people [Ps 16:5] (so Che, & on תָּמִיד for תּוֺמִיךְ compare his critical note; see also Ew; otherwise De and others; — || מְנָת חֶלְקִי); on the other hand, of idols [Isa 57:6] (|| חֵלֶק); also ׳עָמַד לְג [Dan 12:13], of allotted portion, share, in the Messianic consummation; more generally, one's portion, lot, fortune גּוֺרָֽלְךָ תַּפִּיל בְּתוֺכֵנוּ [Prov 1:14] cast thy fortune into the midst of us, in with us (|| כִּיס אֶחָד יִהְיֶה לְכֻלָּנוּ).
4. portion = recompence, retribution
[Isa 17:14] (|| חֵלֶק), [Jer 13:25] (|| מְנָת מִדַּיִךְ), both implying divine agency.
The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in https://marvel.bible by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer