BDB1744 [H1486]

גּוֺרָל77 noun masculineLev 16:8 & ( Josh 21:10, but see below) feminine lot: (Late Hebrew id. & denominative Hiph`il הִגְרִיל cast lots) — absolute ׳ג Josh 16:1 + 51 t.; construct גּוֺרַל Josh 18:11 + 2 t., גֹּרַל Num 36:3 suffix גּוֺרָלִי Ps 16:5, גֹּרָלִי Judg 1:3, גּוֺרָֽלְךָ Prov 1:14, גֹּרָֽלְךָ Dan 12:13, גּוֺרָלֶ֑ךָ Judg 1:3, גּוֺרָלֵךְ Jer 13:25; Isa 57:6, גּוֺרָלוֺ 1Chr 26:14, גּוֺרָלָם Josh 18:11 + 2 t.; plural גּוֺרָלוֺת Jonah 1:7 + 8 t., גֹּרָלוֺת Lev 16:8a lot cast for the decision of questions Prov 18:18, designation of persons, etc., for service or punishment, assignment of property, etc.; probably stones put into the bosom-fold of a garment, Prov 16:33 (׳בַּחֵיק יוּטַל אֶתהַֿגּ), or into a vessel, and shaken until one springs out (עָלָה, יָצָא or — late — נָפַל); this was regarded originally as divine decision (compare on Urim & Thummim p. 22, above); for the agent, the usual verbs are הִשְׁלִיךְ, יָרָה, נָתַן, and הִפִּיל. Particularly: —

1. lot for dividing land, especially that which Joshua cast at Shiloh ׳לִפְנֵי י Josh 18:6 (יָרָה) vJosh 18:8 vJosh 18:10 (both הִשְׁלִיךְ; all three followed by לְ of person for whom; all J E); compare Josh 19:51 (P); so of lot coming up, or forth, עָלָה Josh 18:11 (construct; P), also followed by לְ person Josh 19:10 (P), & following with יָצָא Josh 16:11 (JE), Num 33:54; Josh 19:1; Josh 19:17; Josh 19:24; Josh 19:32; Josh 19:40; Josh 21:4 (all P); be divided by lot ׳יֵחָלֵק בְּג Num 26:55, or according to lot תֵּחָלֵק ׳עַלפִּֿי הַגּ vNum 26:56 apportion by lot הִתְנַחֲלוּ ׳בְּג Num 33:54; Num 34:13, ׳נִחַל בְּג Josh 19:51 give by lot ׳נָתַן בְּג Num 36:2 ׳נָתַן בַּגּ Josh 21:8 (all P) 1Chr 6:50 have by lot ׳בַּגּ ׳הָיָה ל Josh 21:4, & (היה omitted) vJosh 21:5 vJosh 21:6 (all P) compare 1Chr 6:46; 1Chr 6:48 also Josh 21:10 (P; רִאישֹׁנָה ׳הַגּ, only here feminine; ᵐ5 — not ᵐ5L — omits ראישׁנה, & so) || 1Chr 6:39 compare further Isa 34:17 (הִפִּיל לְ).
2. lot for assigning to service, duty or punishment,
\ \ a. concerning the goats on day of atonement, Lev 16:8 (נָתַן עַל) vLev 16:8 vLev 16:8 (followed by לְ); compare vLev 16:9 vLev 16:10 (עָלָה עַל; all P).
\ \ b. assigning priests to their courses, singers, musicians & porters to their duties, by lot ׳חָלַק בְּג 1Chr 24:5 ׳הִפִּיל ג v1Chr 24:31; 1Chr 25:8; 1Chr 26:13 (followed by לְ of position) v1Chr 26:14 of lot coming forth (יָצָא לְ person) 1Chr 24:7 (compare v1Chr 24:7 v1Chr 24:18) 1Chr 25:9 (compare v1Chr 25:9-31) 1Chr 26:14 compare וַיֵּצֵא גּוֺרָלוֺ v1Chr 26:14.
\ \ c. cast lots for dwelling in Jerusalem (׳הִפִּיל ג) Neh 1:11 (followed by infinitive)
\ \ d. for supplying wood for altar-fire Neh 10:35 (הִפִּיל עַל); here belongs probably also
\ \ e. Judg 20:9 ׳עָלֶיהָ בְּג, reference to vJudg 20:10 (determining who shall go up, and who supply provision) ᵐ5 ἀναβησόμεθα ἐπ’ αὐτὴν ἐν κλήρῳ, so Stu (insert perhaps נעלה), compare AV RV, BuRS 151 (who reads ׳נַפִּילָה בְּג); > ᵑ6 Be Ke who reference ׳ג here to division of land of captured city. feminine to determine guilty persons Jonah 1:7 (twice in verse) (both הִפִּיל) vJonah 1:17 (נָפַל עַל); so apparently Ezek 24:6 of inhabitants of Jerusalem under figure of flesh in pot ׳לֹאנָֿפַל עָלֶיהָ ג no lot is fallen over it, i.e. no discrimination is made, destruction is to include the whole city; (compare also Josh 1:41ff. where divine agency in detection is prominent but word גּוֺרָל not used).
\ \ g. in allotting slaves Joel 4:3 אֶלעַֿמִּי ׳יַדּוּ גּ; Nah 3:10 (יַדּוּ עַל); so Obad 1:11 ׳וְעַליְֿרוּשָׁלִַם יַדּוּ ג — all with verb ידד q. v.
\ \ h. in distributing plundered garments Ps 22:19 (הִפִּיל על).
\ \ i. to determine favourable day for a scheme, הִפִּיל Esth 3:7 (לִפְנֵי הָמָן) Esth 9:24 (followed by infinitive; see also פּוּר).
3. thing assigned, apportioned, allotted especially of land assigned by lot, allotment Josh 15:1; Josh 17:1; Josh 21:38 (all P), Josh 17:14; Josh 17:17 = portion, share (|| נַחֲלָה J E); compare גֹּרַל נַחֲלָתֵנוּ Num 36:3 (P), גּוֺרַל נַחֲלָתָם Josh 14:2 (P; but perhaps read absolute גּוֺרָל compare Di); also גְּבוּל גּוֺרָלָם Josh 18:11 (P) the boundary of their allotment; עָרֵי גוֺרָלָם Josh 21:20 (P); see further Judg 1:3 (twice in verse); so probably Mic 2:5 ׳הִשְׁלִיךְ חֶבֶל בְּג (Hi Che; compare also Ew); Ps 125:3, land, exposed to oppressive exaction; also figurative of ׳י as portion, allotment of his people Ps 16:5 (so Che, & on תָּמִיד for תּוֺמִיךְ compare his critical note; see also Ew; otherwise De and others; — || מְנָת חֶלְקִי); on the other hand, of idols Isa 57:6 (|| חֵלֶק); also ׳עָמַד לְג Dan 12:13, of allotted portion, share, in the Messianic consummation; more generally, one's portion, lot, fortune גּוֺרָֽלְךָ תַּפִּיל בְּתוֺכֵנוּ Prov 1:14 cast thy fortune into the midst of us, in with us (|| כִּיס אֶחָד יִהְיֶה לְכֻלָּנוּ).
4. portion = recompence, retribution Isa 17:14 (|| חֵלֶק), Jer 13:25 (|| מְנָת מִדַּיִךְ), both implying divine agency.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer