BDB8776 [H8034]

I. שֵׁם864 noun masculine2Sam 7:9 name (√ unknown; Thes שׁמה, compare BaZMG xli (1887), 635; LagBN 160 ושׁם, Arabic brand, mark, compare RSK 213, 303 ff. ii. 1. 104; Late Hebrew = Biblical Hebrew (especially הַשֵּׁם = יהוה); Phoenician שם Lzb377; Assyrian šumu; Sabean סם HomChr 124; Ethiopic Arabic , , , ; Aramaic שֵׁם, שְׁמָא, also שׁוּם, שֻׁם (ii. 1. 512), , , Old Aramaic, Palmyrene שם Lzb377); — absolute ׳שׁ Gen 6:4 +; construct ׳שׁ Gen 12:8 +, rarely שֶׁםֿ 1Sam 8:2 +; suffix שְׁמִי Exod 3:15 +, שִׁמְךָ Gen 32:9 +, שְׁמֶ֑ךָ 1Kgs 18:31 +, etc.; plural שֵׁמוֺת (rarely שֵׁמֹת) Gen 2:20 +; construct שְׁמוֺת Exod 6:16 +, suffix שְׁמוֺתָם Num 13:4 +, שְׁמוֺתָן Ezek 23:4 (twice in verse); — name:

1. of river Gen 2:11; Gen 2:13; Gen 2:14, beasts vGen 2:19 vGen 2:20, city Gen 26:33 (all J) +; היּוֺם ׳שׁ Ezek 24:2, i.e. exact designation of it (+ הַזֶּה ׳אֶתעֶֿצֶם הַיּ).
2. a. usually of person: Gen 4:17; Gen 4:19 (twice in verse) (J) +; as significant 1Sam 25:25, compare Prov 21:24 especially in phrase וַיְהִי אִישׁ ֗֗֗ וּשְׁמוֺ אֶלְקָנָה 1Sam 1:1, compare 1Sam 9:1; 1Sam 9:2, Jer 37:13 + 28 t.; less often as גָּלְיָת שְׁמוֺ 1Sam 17:4, compare Zech 6:12 + 5 t. (compare in Assyrian KraeBAS i. 430); frequently with קָרָא (q. v. 6, and Niph`al 2, Pu`al; note here, עַל ׳נִקְרָא שׁ in token of ownership 2Sam 12:28 (see Dr), Isa 4:1); rarely, שִׂים אֶתשְֿׁמוֺ אֲבִימֶלֶךְ Judg 8:31, compare 2Kgs 17:34; Neh 9:7 ׳וַיָּ֫שֶׂם לָהֶם שׁ Dan 1:7 with יֵאָמֵר Gen 32:29 (J); change of name is without verb, as Gen 17:15 (P), or (usually) with יִהְיֶה Gen 35:10 (P) Israel shall be thy name. compare Gen 17:5; 1Kgs 18:31; 1Chr 22:9, also ׳וַיַסֵּב אֶתשְֿׁמוֺ יְהו 2Kgs 23:34 = 2Chr 36:4, compare 2Kgs 24:17, and (suj. ׳י) עוֺלָם אֶתֶּןלֿוֺ ׳שׁ Isa 56:5 מַהשְּֿׁמֶ֑ךָ Gen 32:28, compare Exod 3:13; Prov 30:4, מִית שְׁמֶ֑ךָ Judg 13:17 be explicitly mentioned is: וְכֻלָּם בְּשֵׁמוֺת Ezra 10:16, ׳נִקְּבוּ בְשׁ Num 1:17; 1Chr 16:41; 2Chr 28:15; 2Chr 31:10; Ezra 8:20, ׳הַבָּאִים בְּשׁ 1Chr 4:38, ׳וַיָבזֹם בְּשׁ v1Chr 4:41 of things, וּבְשֵׁמוֺת תִּקְדוּ Num 4:32 (P), + vNum 4:27 (read בְּשֵׁמֹת ᵐ5 Di Baen Gray); יְדַעְתִּיךָ בְּשֵׁם Exod 33:12 (subject ׳י), i.e. acknowledge thee, personally (as mine), compare vExod 33:17 (both J); ׳פ ׳בְּשׁ as the representative of 1Sam 25:5; 1Sam 25:9; 1Kgs 21:8; Jer 29:25; Esth 2:22; Esth 3:12; Esth 8:8 (twice in verse); Esth 8:10 (compare also 3).
\ \ b. = reputation; (1) וַאֲגַדְּלָה שְׁמֶ֫ךָ Gen 12:2 (J), גָּדוֺל כְּשֵׁם הַגְּדֹלִים אֲשֶׁר ׳וְעָשִׂתִי לִךָ שׁ בָּאָרֶץ 2Sam 7:9 make oneself a name ׳וְנַעֲשֶׂח לָנוּ שׁ Gen 11:4 (J), ׳וַיַּעַשׂ לוֺ שׁ 2Sam 8:13, of ׳י Jer 32:20, hence Neh 9:10; Dan 9:15; Isa 63:12; Isa 63:14, so with שׂוּם 2Sam 7:23 = 1Chr 17:21 ׳וַיֵּצֵא לָךְ שֵׁם בְּ Ezek 16:14 (compare 1Chr 14:17), 2Chr 26:15 עַדלְֿמֵרָחוֺק, v2Chr 26:8 ׳וַיֵּלֶךְ שְׁמוֺ עַדלְֿ; 2Sam 23:18; 2Sam 23:22 = fame, glory, Zeph 3:19; Zeph 3:20; Ezek 39:13. — Ezek 34:29 read perhaps שָׁלֹם ᵐ5 Siegf Be Toy; Co שָׁלֵם; Krae conjecture שָׁמֵן; אַנְשֵׁי הַשֵּׁם Gen 6:4 (J), Num 16:2 (J), אַנְשֵׁי שֵׁמוֺת 1Chr 5:24; 1Chr 12:31 (van d. H. v.1Chr 12:30); with negative בְּנֵי בְלִישֵֿׁ‰ Job 30:3 (2) bad sense, וְהוֺצִא עָלָיהָ שֵׁם רָ֑ע Dan 22:14 compare Dan 22:19; Neh 6:13 = byword Ezek 23:10 טְמֵאַת ׳הַשּׁ Ezek 22:5.
\ \ c. especially as giving a man kind of posthumous life, especially in his sons, אֵיןלִֿי בֵן בֵּעֲבוּר הַזְכֵּיר שְׁמִי 2Sam 18:18, ׳לְהָקִים לְאָחִיו שֵׁם בְּ Deut 25:7, compare vDeut 25:6; Ruth 4:5; Ruth 4:10, without whom it is blotted out, etc., Deut 25:6, compare Num 27:4 (P), Ruth 4:10, so that to destroy one's name = extirpate family (and שֵׁם sometimes Is || צֶרַע) 1Sam 24:22 (Gi v.1Sam 24:21), 2Sam 14:7 (|| שְׁאֵרִית), so of peoples Deut 7:24; Deut 9:14; Deut 12:3; Isa 14:22 +; לאֹ יִוָּרַע מִשִּׁמְךָ עוֺד Nah 1:14 (of Nineveh); כֵּן יַעֲמֹד זַרְעֲכֶם וְשִׁמְכֶם Isa 66:22 more abstract (|| זֵכֶר) Job 18:17; Prov 10:7.
3. name, as designation of God, specifically of ׳י (especially Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Isa2,3, Psalms): — first (in Hexateuch) in phrase ׳י ׳בְּשׁ ׳ק Gen 4:26 (J), call with, i.e. use the name ׳י in worship, so Gen 12:8; Gen 13:4; Gen 21:33; Gen 26:35 + (see קרא 2 c); hence, of place of worship, בְּכָלהַֿמָּקוֺם אֲשֶׁר אַוְּכִּיר מאתשְֿׁמִי שָׁם Exod 20:24 (Gi vExod 20:21); אֶתשְֿׁמוֺ שָׁם [לְשַׁכֵּן] לָשׂוּם Deut 12:5; Deut 12:11 +; בָּנָה בַּיִת לִשְׁמִי 2Sam 7:13 + often; people come ׳י ׳לְשׁ Josh 9:9 (RD), so ׳לְמֵעַן שׁ 1Kgs 8:41 = 2Chr 6:32; Isa 60:9 seek it Ps 83:17 swear with ׳י ׳בְּשׁ 1Sam 20:42; Deut 6:13; Deut 10:20; Lev 19:12, compare (לַשָּׁוְא) Exod 20:7 (twice in verse)=Deut 5:11 (twice in verse); ׳י ׳תָּפַשׁ Prov 30:9 נִקְרָא שְׁמִיעַלֿ, etc., in token of ownership (compare 2 a), Jer 7:10 + ; = his reputation, fame, with עָשָׁה לוֺ, see 1 b (1), compare Josh 7:9 ׳י ׳בְּשׁ, i.e. as his representative Exod 5:23 (J), 1Sam 17:45; Deut 10:8; 2Sam 6:18; 2Kgs 2:24 + (see 2 a near the end); especially as embodying the (revealed) character of ׳י: שְׁמוֺ ׳י Amos 5:8; Amos 9:6; Jer 33:2, וֶה שְּׁמִי לְעֹלָם Exod 3:15 (E; || זֵכֶר; fundamental passage), Exod 6:3 (P); ) עְבָאוֺת שְׁמוֺ׳ ׳י Amos 4:13; Amos 5:27; Jer 10:16; Jer 46:18 + 10 t. Jeremiah, Isa2, קַנָּא שְׁמוֺ ׳י Exod 34:14 (J; compare Exod 20:5; Nah 1:2), ׳קָדוֺשׁ שׁ Isa 57:15, ׳שׁ [וֺ] קָדְשִׁי Amos 2:7; Ezek 39:7; Ezek 43:7; Ps 103:1 + often; hence object of knowledge Isa 52:6; Jer 48:17, יֹדְעֵי שְׁמֶ֑ךָ Ps 9:11 (|| דֹּרְשֶׁיךָ), love Isa 56:5, ׳אֹהֲבֵי שׁ Ps 5:12; Ps 69:37; Ps 119:132, fear Ps 61:6, especially of praise, etc. (חִלֵּל, הִןכִּיר, הוֺדָה, בֵּרַח, etc.): לְשִׁמְךָ אֲוַמֵּר 2Sam 22:50 (|| אוֺדְךָ and so very often || ׳י) = Ps 18:50, compare 1Chr 16:10; 1Chr 29:13; Ps 45:18; Isa 26:13; 1Kgs 8:33; 1Kgs 8:35 = 2Chr 6:24; 2Chr 6:26; Ps 8:2; Ps 8:10 +; כְּבוֺד שְׁמוֺ ׳חָבוּלי Ps 29:2; Ps 96:8, and many comibinations; opposed to ׳א ׳חִלֵּל אֶתשֿׁ Lev 18:21 +, ׳י ׳נקב שׁ Lev 24:16, ׳נִאֵץ שׁ Ps 74:10; Ps 74:18, etc.; הַנִּכְבָּד וְהַנּוֺרָא ׳הַשּׁ Deut 28:58, compare Neh 1:11 לְמַעַן שִׁמְךָ, in appeals to ׳י to act according to his character Jer 14:7; Jer 14:21; Ezek 20:9; Ezek 20:14; Isa 48:9; Isa 66:5; Ps 25:11; Ps 31:4 +; ׳י ׳שׁ is powerful agent, בְּשִׁמְךָ הוֺשִׁיעֵנִי Ps 54:3 (|| בִּגְבוּרָֽתְךָ), compare Ps 124:8 of ׳מַלְאַךָ י, ׳י says שְׁמִי בְּקִרְבּוֺ Exod 23:21 (E); הַשֵּׁם Lev 24:11 is probably scribal substitution for word ׳י (already beginning to be thought ineffable, especially with וַיִקֹּב compare GeiUrschr.273 f. Di Dr-Wh Baen); on development of this usage, and Jewish use of ׳הַשּׁ as personified or hypostasis, see LevyNHWB under the word Jastrs.seeקָרוֺב שְׁמֶ֑ךָ Ps 75:2 is striking, but doubtful, < ᵐ5 Dy Che Gr Hup-Now ׳קֹרְאֵי שׁ, Du ׳קָרָנוּ בִשׁ (= קָרָאנוּ).
4. of false gods, use forbidden Exod 23:13 (E), Josh 23:7 (RD), compare Hos 2:19; Ps 16:4speak בְּשֵׁם אלהים אחרים Deut 18:20 ׳א ׳קָרָא בְשׁ 1Kgs 18:24; 1Kgs 18:25; 1Kgs 18:26 ׳א ׳יֵלְכוּ בְשׁ Mic 4:5.
5. = memorial, monument Isa 55:13 (|| אוֺת; so Che Du > = fame Di-Kit), יָד וָשֵׁם ׳טוֺב מִבָּנִים וגו Isa 56:5 (with word-play on ׳שׁ 1 c).


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in https://marvel.bible by Eliran Wong.
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