[שָׁכַם] verb Hiph`il denominative start, rise, early (properly load backs of beasts for day's journey); — Perfect 3 masculine singular consecutive וְהִשְׁכִּים
[2Sam 15:2]; [Job 1:5], etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיַּשְׁכֵּם [Gen 19:27] +, 2 masculine singular תְּשְׁכִּים [Judg 9:33], etc.; Imperative הַשְׁכֵּם [Exod 8:16] +; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁכֵּם [Jer 7:25] +, כֵּים- [Jer 44:4]; [Prov 27:14], erroneous אַשְׁכֵּים [Jer 25:3] (Ges«GKC:53»§ 53 K); Participle מַשְׁכִּים [Hos 6:4] +, etc., — rise early, make an early start, of journey (Hexateuch only J E); לְדַרְכְּכֶם [Judg 19:9] (+ מָחָר), compare [Song 7:13] + verb of going [Gen 19:2] (J), standing [2Sam 15:2] (compare Dr), encamping [Judg 7:1], etc.; + infinitive [1Sam 15:12] (compare Dr), [1Sam 29:11]; [2Kgs 6:15] (לָקוּם), מַשְׁכִּימֵי קוּם [Ps 127:3] (opposed to מְאַחֲרֵי שֶׁבֶת); usually with בַּבֹּקֶר [Gen 19:27] (J; אֶלהַֿמָּקוֺם), [1Sam 29:10] (twice in verse) + 27 t., + (hyperbole) שֵׁכָר ׳מַשְׁכִּימֵי בַבּ יִרְדֹּ֑פוּ [Isa 5:11] (|| מְאַחֲרֵי בֵנֶּשֶׁף); with מִמָּחֳרָת [Exod 32:6] (E), [Judg 6:28] + 3 t.; with בַּעֲלוֺת הַשַּׁחַר [Josh 6:15] (J), [1Sam 19:26] וַיְמַהֲרוּ וַיַּשְׁכִּימוּ וַיֵּצְאוּ [Josh 8:14] (J) they made a quick and early start; and went out; Infinitive absolute (Ges«GKC:113s»§ 113s) as adverb וְהַעֲרֵב ׳הַשׁ [1Sam 17:16] at early morning and at evening; especially of ׳י, in Jeremiah: ׳הַשׁ וְדַבֵּר = speaking early and often [Jer 7:13]; [Jer 35:14] and (of Jeremiah) [Jer 25:3], compare [Jer 11:7]; [Jer 32:33] often וְשָׁלוֺחַ ׳הַשׁ = sending early and often [Jer 7:25]; [Jer 24:4]; [Jer 26:5]; [Jer 29:19]; [Jer 35:14]; [Jer 44:4], also [2Chr 36:15] so verb finite הִשְׁכִּימוּ הִשְׁחִיתוּ, [Zeph 3:7] = with eagerness they corrupted (Ges«GKC:120g»§ 120g); participle הֹלֵךְ ׳כַּטַּל מַשְׁ [Hos 6:4] like the dew departing early, [Hos 13:3] (Gesib.). — [1Sam 9:26] read וַיִּשְׁכַּב, see שׁכב
The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in https://marvel.bible by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer