BDB8395 [H7617]

שָׁבָה verb take captive (Late Hebrew, Old Aramaic id.;Arabic (); Aramaic שְׁבָא, ) —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׁ Jer 41:14 suffixוְשָׁבָם (consecutive) Jer 43:12 (but read וְשָׁבָה Gie; Du conjectures וְ˜שׁמְמוּ); 2 masculine singular שָׁבִיתָ 2Kgs 6:22; Ps 68:19, etc., Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיִּשְׁבְּ Num 21:1; Jer 41:10, etc.; Imperative masculine singular וּשְׁבֵה Judg 5:12 Infinitive construct שְׁבוֺת Obad 1:11 Participle active plural שֹׁבִים Isa 14:2, etc.; passive masculine plural שְׁבוּיִם Isa 61:1, feminine plural construct שְׁבֻיוֺת Gen 31:26take captive
1.a. with accusative of person, Num 24:22 (JE), 1Sam 30:2; 2Kgs 5:2; 2Kgs 6:22 (+ ב instrumental) Jer 41:10 (twice in verse) (but vJer 41:10 b Gie reads וַיַּשְׁכֵּם, compare ᵐ5 Luc), vJer 41:14, Gen 34:29 (P), 2Chr 28:8 (+ מִן part), + 6 t.; + Jer 43:12 apparently with accusative idols (but see above; accusative land Gie).
\ \ b. accusative חֵילוֺ Obad 1:11 הָֽרְכוּשׁ 2Chr 21:17, cattle, etc., 1Chr 5:21; 2Chr 14:14
\ \ c. participle in periphrastic conjugation (לְשֹׁבֵיהֶם) וְהָיוּ שֹׁבִים Isa 14:2 participle with suffix = their captives, etc., 1Kgs 8:46 = 2Chr 6:36; Isa 14:2; Jer 50:33, +5 t.; Passive participle Isa 61:1 = captives; כִּשְׁבֻיוֺת חָ֑רֶב Gen 31:26 my daughters as captives of the sword.
2. with accusative of congnate meaning with verb שְׁבִי Judg 5:12 lead captive thy captives, compare Ps 68:19; 2Chr 28:17, so (+ מִן person) Num 21:1 (JE), and (accusative שִׁבְיָה) 2Chr 28:5; 2Chr 28:11 שִׁבְיוֺ ׳שׁ Deut 21:10 = take him captive. Niph`al be taken captive: Perfect 3 masculine singular נִשְׁבָּה, of man Gen 14:14, of beast Exod 22:9 (E), of ׳עֵדֶר י Jer 13:17 3 plural נִשְׁבּוּ, human subject 1Sam 30:8; 1Sam 30:5; 1Kgs 8:47 = 2Chr 6:37; Ezek 6:9.


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in https://marvel.bible by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer