BDB8152 [H7646]

[שָׂבֵעַ,] שָׂבַע96 verb be sated, satisfied, surfeited (Late Hebrew (derived species) = Biblical Hebrew; so Assyrian šebû, Arabic , Aramaic סְבַע, , Palmyrene שבע; the Ethiopic verb of same, meaning is :); —

Qal79 Perfect 3 masculine singular שָׂבַע 1Chr 23:1, ׳וְשׂ consecutive Deut 31:20 3 plural שָׂבֵ֑עוּ Isa 9:19, ׳ושׂ consecutive Deut 14:29; Deut 26:12, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשְׂבַּע Prov 12:11 +, 3 masculine plural יִשְׂבְּעוּן Ps 104:28, etc.; Imperative שְׂבַעֿ Prov 20:13 Infinitive absolute שָׂבוֺע Joel 2:26; 2Chr 31:10 construct לִשְׂבֹּע Exod 16:8; Lam 5:6, לְשָׂבְעָה Hag 1:6
1. be sated (with food), especially human subject:
\ \ a. absolute after אָכַל, Hos 4:10; Isa 9:19; Deut 8:10; Exod 16:8 (P), + II t., compare Isa 44:16 (|| אָבַל); exposing men to arrogance Deut 6:11; Deut 8:12; Deut 31:20, compare Hos 13:6 (twice in verse) (Israel under figure of cattle), Jer 50:19 (id.; with ב location; || רָעָה graze); = have (or get) enough to eat Ps 37:19; Ps 59:16, enough to drink Amos 4:8, figurative of sword Jer 46:10, of wine Hab 2:5.
\ \ b. with accusative of food Jer 44:17; Lam 5:16; Exod 16:12 (P), + 6 t., compare Ezek 39:29 (of beasts, in figure), of earth, sated with water (rain) Prov 30:16, so of trees (accusative om) Ps 104:16, figurative of requital Prov 18:20 b.
\ \ c. with מִן of food Job 19:22 (figurative); figurative of earth having its fill (of rain) Ps 104:13, and (figurative of requital) Prov 18:20a; good sense Prov 12:14 (strike out טוֺב, so Toy), bad sense Prov 1:31; Prov 14:14 with מִן of source Isa 66:11 (figurative).
2. more generally, be sated, have desire satisfied:
\ \ a. absolute Ezek 16:28; Ezek 16:29 (i.e. with harlotry), Jer 50:10 (with plunder), Isa 53:11 (with given result); of eyes Prov 27:20, of Sh®°ôl and Abaddon vProv 27:20, compare Prov 30:15 = have abundance Prov 30:9 (exposure to arrogance).
\ \ b. with accusative, be satisfied with, have one's fill of: Jer 31:14, compare Ps 17:15; Ps 63:6; Prov 5:10; Eccl 5:9, compare (eye subject) Eccl 4:8 Acc. of sons Ps 17:14 (si versa l., but text dubious, see Ol Du, compare Bae We), days of life, i.e. reach the full limit (+ זָקֵן) 1Chr 23:1; 2Chr 24:15.
\ \ c. with ב of goodness Ps 65:5, with מִן id. Eccl 6:3.
\ \ d. with ל infinitive, לאֹתִֿשְׂבַּע עַיִן לִרְאוֺת Eccl 1:8 (|| מָלֵא)
3. have in excess, be surfeited with:
\ \ a. lit, with honey (accusative) Prov 25:16. b figurative = be weary of, with accusative of offerings Isa 1:11 (subject ׳י), tossings Job 7:4, poverty Prov 28:19, shame Hab 2:16, contempt Ps 123:3; Ps 123:4 with accusative of person Prov 28:17.
\ \ c. id., with ב of troubles Ps 88:4, of reproach Lam 3:30. Niph`al Participle נִשְׂבָּע sated Job 31:31. Pi`el satisfy, Imperfect 3 masculine plural יְשַׂבִּ֑עוּ Ezek 7:19 they shall not satisfy their appitite (נֶפֶשׁ; || מִלֵּא); Imperative masculine singular suffix, subject ׳י, שַׂבְּעֵנִי חַסְדֶּ֑ךָ Ps 90:14 (2 accusative).
**Now (after ᵑ6 and ᵐ5 Manuscripts) reads שִבַּעְתָּ Hab 3:9, for שְׁבֻעוֺת, compare GASm; Gr Marti שְׂבֵעַת (adjective feminine construct) thy bow is sated with shafts. We thinks hopeless. Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הִשְׂבִּיע Ps 107:9, ׳וְה consecutive Isa 58:11 2 feminine singular הִשְׂבַּ֫עַתְּ Ezek 27:33, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular suffix יַשְׂבִּעַנִי Job 9:18 2 masculine singular תַּשְׂבִּיעַ Isa 58:10, 1 singular וָאַשְׂבִּעַ Jer 5:7, suffix אַשְׂבִּיעֶ֑ךָּ Ps 81:17 van d. H., אַשְׂבִּיעֶ֑ךָֿ Baer Gi, etc.; Infinitive construct לְהַשְׂבִּיעַ Job 38:27 Participle מַשְׂבִּיעַ Ps 103:5; Ps 145:16
1.a. satisfy (especially with material blessings), subject ׳י, with acc. person Jer 5:7 (exposing men to arrogance), Isa 58:11 (accusativeנֶפֶשׁ; of refreshment in drought, ב location, figurative of help and blessing), Ps 107:9 (accusative נֶפֶשׁ; || מִלֵּא), compare Ps 103:5 (ב instrumental, on accusative see עֲדִי); with accusative of ground Job 38:27 (i.e. with rain); human subject, with accusative נֶפֶשׁ Isa 58:10
\ \ b. with accusative of food + person, ׳י subject, Ps 81:17 (|| הֶאֱכִיל), Ps 105:40; Ps 132:15; Ps 147:14 with accusative of person + אֹרֶךְ יָמִים Ps 91:16.
\ \ c. ׳י subject, accusative of thing + ל person, לְבָלחַֿי רָצוֺן ׳מַשׂ Ps 145:16.
\ \ d. ׳י subject, c accusative of beast + מִמְּךָ (of Pharaoh, in prophetic figurative) Ezek 32:4.
2. enrich subject Tyre, with accusative of a people Ezek 27:33 (|| הֶעֱשִׁיר).
3. sate, glut (with the undesired), subject ׳י, with accusative of person + ב of thing Lam 3:15, accusative of person + Job 9:18.


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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