BDB7635 [H7185]

I. [קָשָׁה] verb be hard, severe, fierce (Late Hebrew קָשָׁה be severe; Arabic () be hard, dry, III. endure, struggle against, severity; Aramaic קְשָׁא, be hard, difficult; Jewish-Aramaic קְשִׁי, קַשְׁיָה adjective hard); —

Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular קָֽשְׁתָה 1Sam 5:7, קָשָׁ֑תָה Gen 49:7 Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִקְשֶׁה Deut 1:17; Deut 15:18, וַיִּ֫קֶשׁ 2Sam 19:44
1. be hard, difficult Deut 1:17 (of a legal case; מִן comparative).
2. be hard, severe, יָדוֺ ׳ק עָלֵינוּ1Sam 5:7 (of ׳י, in judgement); בְעֵינֶ֑ךָ ׳יִק. Deut 15:18 it shall not be hard in thine eyes (seem a severe trial, an injustice); of wrath Gen 49:7 (poem in J; || עָ֑ז); of fierce words 2Sam 19:44. Niph`al Participle נִקְשֶׁה Isa 8:21 hardly bestead, hard pressed. Pi`el Imperfect 3 feminine singular וַתְּקַשׁ בְּלִדְתָּהּ Gen 35:16 (E) she made hard in her bearing (had severe labour). Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הִקְשָׁה Exod 13:15 +, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיֶּקֶשׁ 2Chr 36:13 3 masculine plural וַיַּקְשׁוּ Jer 7:26 +, etc.; Infinitive construct suffix בְּהַקְשֹׁתָהּ Gen 35:17 Participle מַקְשֶׁה Prov 28:14; Prov 29:1
1. make difficult, difficulty: הִקְשָׁה לְשַׁלְּחֵנוּ Exod 13:15 Pharaoh made difficulty about sending us away; of travail Gen 35:17 (E; as Pi`el); הִקְשִׁיתָ לִשְׁאוֺל 2Kgs 2:10 thou hast made hard to ask, asked a hard thing.
2. make severe, burdensome, yoke imposed by king 1Kgs 12:4 = 2Chr 10:4.
3. a. make hard, stiff, stubborn, figurative of obstinacy: וַיַּקְשׁוּ אֶתעָֿרְפָּם 2Kgs 17:14 they stiffened their neck, so Jer 7:26; Jer 17:23; Jer 19:15; Deut 10:16; 2Chr 30:8; 2Chr 36:13; Neh 9:16; Neh 9:17; Neh 9:29; Prov 29:1 אַלתַּֿקְשׁוּ לְבַבְכֶם Ps 95:8, compare Prov 28:14 subject ׳י, ׳אַקְשֶׁה אֶתלֵֿב פ Exod 7:3 (P), accusative אֶתרֿוחוֺ Deut 2:30,
\ \ b. shew stubborness Job 9:4 (with אֶל person [׳י]).

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer