I. פָּתַח verb open (Late Hebrew id.; Phoenician פתח; Assyrian pitû, patû; Sabean פתח OsZMG xix (1865), 197; Arabic ; Ethiopic ; Aramaic פְּתַח, ; Nabataean, Palmyrene פתח); —
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳פ
[2Kgs 15:16] +, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִפְתַּח [Exod 21:33] +; 3 masculine plural suffix יִפְתָּחוּם [Neh 13:19], etc.; Imperative masculine singular פְּתַחִ [2Kgs 13:17] +; feminine singular פִּתְחִיּ [Song 5:2] masculine plural פִּתְחוּ [Josh 10:22] +; Infinitive absolute פָּתֹחַ [Deut 15:8] +; construct לִפְתֹח [Ezek 21:27] +; Participle active פֹּתֵחַ [Judg 3:25] +; pass. פָּתוּחַ [Jer 5:16] +, etc.; — open sack, שַׂק, [Gen 42:27] (E), אַמְתַּחַת [Gen 43:21]; [Gen 44:11] (J), skin-bottle (נאוד). [Judg 4:19], hamper (תֵּדָה) [Exod 2:6] (E), pit (בּוֺר) [Exod 21:33] (E; i. e. uncover it), mouth (פִּי) of cave [Josh 10:22] (JE), grave [Ezek 37:12]; [Ezek 37:13] (to bring forth dead), of. (in figurative) [Jer 5:16]; [Ps 5:10] כְּלִי פָתוּחַ [Num 19:15] (P) open vessel; door (דֶּלֶת; sometimes opposed to סָגַר) [Judg 3:25] + v [Judg 3:25] (object omitted), [Judg 19:27]; [1Sam 3:15]; [2Kgs 9:3]; [2Kgs 9:10]; [2Chr 29:3]; [Job 31:32] (c.ל person); figurative of Leb. [Zech 11:1] דַּלתֵי שָׁמַיִם [Ps 78:23] (of ׳י, sending rain); ׳ד = city-gates [Neh 13:19]; [Isa 45:1](|| שְׁעָרִים; ׳י subject, with לפְנֵי); ׳ד omitted [Song 5:2]; [Song 5:5]; [Song 5:6] gate (שַׁעַר), of land [Nah 3:13] (Infinitive absolute + Imperfect Niph`al q. v.), compare [Ezek 25:9], שׁער of temple (- court) [Ezek 46:12] (with ל, person), [Ps 118:19] (id.), city [Isa 26:2], object omitted [Deut 20:11]; [2Kgs 15:16] window, חַלּוֺן, [2Kgs 13:17] (twice in verse),אֲרֻבּוֺת הַשָׁמַיִם (by ׳י sending rain) [Gen 8:6](J), [Mal 3:10] city [Jer 13:19], עִיר פְּתוּחָה [Josh 8:17] (JE); absolute וְלאֹ סגר ׳פ [Isa 22:22] (twice in verse); — [Isa 14:17] is dubious, Gr PerlesAnal. 28. 42 Kit (in Di) read ׳לַאֲסִירָיו לאֹפֿ בֵּיתהַֿכֶּלֶא; > Bu Che Marti אֲסִירָיו לאֹ פִּתַּח אִישׁ לְבֵיתוֺ; storehouse, armoury [Gen 41:56]; [Jer 50:25] (of ׳י), [Jer 50:26] (for destruction), figurative of sky, for rain [Deut 28:12] (with ל person; of ׳י ), compare open בָּ֑ר, expose for sale, [Amos 8:5] open womb, i.e. grant offspring [Gen 29:31]; [Gen 30:22] (J); open mouth (פֶּה) to cry, speak [Ezek 21:27]; [Job 3:1]; [Dan 10:16], hence = speak [Isa 53:7] (twice in verse); [Job 33:2]; [Ps 39:10]; [Ps 78:2] (בְּמָשָׁל), [Ps 109:2] (with עַל person), [Prov 24:7]; [Prov 31:8] (with ל person), v [Prov 31:9] v [Prov 31:26] (בְּחָכְמָה); [Ps 49:5] either utter, declare, propound riddle, or open up, expound; have power of speech [Ps 38:14] of ׳י giving power of (prophetic) speech [Ezek 3:27]; [Ezek 33:22], giving speech to ass [Num 22:28] (J); open mouth, to eat [Ezek 3:2], of earth, to swallow up, [Num 16:32]: [Num 26:10], compare (פֶּה omitted) [Ps 106:17] open lips, to speak [Job 11:5] (with עִם person), [Job 32:20] (Gi v [Job 32:21]); of ׳י opening man's lips [Ps 51:17], man's ear [Isa 50:5] (Assyrian uznâ puttû); of eyes only passive participle, with אֶל [1Kgs 8:29] = [2Chr 6:20]; [1Kgs 8:52]; [Neh 1:6], with ל [2Chr 6:40] (by zeugma), [2Chr 7:15] (all of ׳י's favour); open hand, in giving [Deut 15:8]; [Deut 15:11] (c, ל person, + infinitive absolute), of ׳י [Ps 104:28]; [Ps 145:16] book [Neh 8:5] (twice in verse), letter [Neh 6:5] open river (channel) [Isa 41:18] (of ׳י), rock, letting out water, [Ps 105:41] (id.); open sword, = draw it [Ezek 21:33]; [Ps 37:14] of root שָׁרְשִׁי פָתוּחַ אֱלֵימָֿ֑יִם [Job 29:19], i.e. with no obstacle intervening. — תִּפְתַּח אֶרֶץ [Isa 45:8] is dubious; verb not elsewhere intransitive; Du CheHpt Marti proposes רַחְמָהּ as object; Gr Kit (in Di) read תִּפָּתַח. Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִפְתַּח [Isa 5:27], etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִפָּתַח [Ezek 24:27], יִפָּתֵ֑חַ [Ezek 44:2] +, etc.; Infinitive construct הִפָּתֵחַ [Isa 51:14] Participle נִפְתָּח [Zech 13:1] — be opend, of girdle [Isa 5:27] (i.e. loosened), compare of captive [Isa 51:14], and, of calamity, [Jer 1:14] be let loose (with עַל person); gates [Nah 2:7]; [Nah 3:13] (of land, thrown open to (ל) enemy), [Ezek 44:2]; [Ezek 46:1] (twice in verse); [Neh 7:3] impersonal of man shut in by God [Job 12:14] of windows of heaven [Gen 7:11] (P), compare [Isa 24:18] (of future destruction); the heavens themselves [Ezek 1:1](for visions); fountain [Zech 13:1] wine (-skin, with negative) [Job 32:19] mouth, in speech [Job 24:27]; [Job 33:22] ears [Isa 35:5]. Pi`el Perfect 3 masculine singular פִּתַּח [Job 30:11] +, פִּתֵּ֑חַ [Job 12:18] +, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְפַתַּח; [Isa 28:24], 1 singular אֲפַתֵּחַ [Isa 45:1], etc.; — Infinitive abs פַּתֵּחַ [Isa 58:6] construct, id. [Ps 102:21] Participle מְפַתֵּ֑חַ [1Kgs 20:11] — loose:
1. free, i.e. ungird, camels
[Gen 24:32] (J): loins of kings [Isa 45:1] (i.e. disarm them); set free, with suffix person [Ps 105:20]; [Jer 40:4] (with מִן); with accusative בְּנֵי תְמוּתָה [Ps 102:21].
2. loosen (and remove) sack-cloth
[Isa 20:2] (c.מֵעַל ), [Ps 30:12] armour [1Kgs 20:11] (object omitted; opposed to חָגַר); bonds [Job 12:18]; [Ps 116:16], compare [Isa 58:6]; [Job 39:5] cord [Job 30:11]; [Job 38:11] loosen ground [Isa 28:24] (in tillage; compare VogelstLand wrirthschaft 38, Assyrian puttû). 3.
(figurative of crocodile's jaws); ear
(read probably either פִּתַּחְתִּי
[ᵐ5 Du Marti
], or נִפְתְּחָה
[Gr Che Kit
(of blossom; object omitted; or intransitive, as sometimes Arabic
). Hithpa`el Imperative
masculine plural התפתחו
[Isa 52:2] Kt
feminine singular הִתְפַּתְּחִי
; of personified Jerusalem) loosen thee
) the fetters of thy neck
The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in https://marvel.bible by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer