BDB522 [H520]

II. אַמָּה246 noun feminine ell, cubit (SI אמה; so Sabean DHMZMG 1865, 613; Aramaic , אַמָּא; Assyrian ammatu Nor280; Ethiopic etymology dubious; Thes and others mater brachii, i.e. length of fore-arm; others derive from √ אמם, precede, be in front, & hence fore-arm compare Di Isa 6:4 DlPr 109 MV derive immediately from √אמם be wide (see above), אַמָּה = distance, & hence a particular distance, ell, cubit) — ׳א absolute Gen 6:15 +; construct אַמַּת Deut 3:11; Jer 51:13 dual אַמָּתַיִם Exod 25:10 +; plural אַמּוֺת Exod 26:16 +; —

1. cubit, so אַמַּתאִֿישׁ i.e. ordinary cubit, Deut 3:11 (compare Isa 8:1); in Ezek 40:5; Ezek 43:13 is a cubit one hand-breadth longer, compare 2Chr 3:3 בַּמִּחָה הָרִאשׁוֺנָה ׳א; absolute length dubious, compare SmithDict. Bib., article Weights and Measures; LepsiusLängenmaasse der Alten, SBAk 1883,1195 f. identification with Egyptian, longer cubit. 525m., shorter .450m.; see also Id.Babylonian-Assyr. Längenmaasse 1877; MBAk 1877, 741 OppertGGA 1878, 1055; Rev. d'Assyr. i. 124 (also on the Babylonian 'half-cubit' = .270 m. HptAJPh 1888, 419 HomSemiten i. 501); on אַצִּילָה ׳א Ezek 41:8 compare Sm & Co (Co strike out); חֲמֵשׁ אמות קָנִים Ezek 42:16 Kt, read מֵאוֺת so Qr Co; chiefly in Ex 25-27. 36-38 (56 t.) 1Kgs 6. 7 (45 t.) 2Chr 3.4 (21 t.) Ezek 40-43 (86 t.); a (one) cubit = אַמָּה Gen 6:16; Exod 25:10; Exod 25:23 +; הָאַמָּה Ezek 43:14 אַחַת ׳א Ezek 40:12 (twice in verse); Ezek 40:42 (3 t. in verse); Ezek 42:4; Ezek 43:14 two cubits = אַמָּתַיִם Exod 25:10; Exod 25:17; Exod 25:23; Exod 30:2; Exod 37:1; Exod 37:6; Exod 37:10; Exod 37:25; Num 11:31 שְׁתַּיִם אַמּוֺת Ezek 40:9; Ezek 41:3; Ezek 41:22; Ezek 43:14 with numbers 1-10 ׳א mostly follows number in plural Exod 26:16; Exod 27:1 (3 t. in verse); 1Kgs 6:10; Ezek 40:5; Ezek 40:7; Ezek 40:9 +; with numbers 11-1000 +, it mostly following number in singular Gen 6:15 (3 t. in verse); Exod 27:12; Exod 27:13; Exod 38:13; Exod 38:14; Exod 38:15; Num 35:4; Josh 3:4; 1Kgs 6:2 (twice in verse); 1Kgs 6:3; 1Kgs 7:15 (twice in verse); Jer 52:21; Jer 52:22; Ezek 40:49 (twice in verse) +; seldom following, in plural Ezek 40:11 (strike out Co) vEzek 40:27 (Co singular) Ezek 42:2 so also עֶשְׂרִים וְחָמֵשׁ אַמּוֺת Ezek 40:13; Ezek 40:29 but חָמֵשׁ וְעֶשְׂרִים אַמָּה Ezek 40:25; Ezek 40:30; Ezek 40:33; Ezek 40:36 (late) also in plural precedes all numbers 2Chr 3:3 (twice in verse); 2Chr 3:4; 2Chr 3:8 (twice in verse) +; 2Chr 6:13; Ezek 42:2 also often בָּאַמָּה following all numbers Exod 26:2 (twice in verse); Exod 26:8 (twice in verse); Exod 27:9; Exod 27:18; Exod 36:9 (twice in verse); Exod 36:15 (twice in verse); Exod 36:21; Num 35:5 (4 t. in verse); 1Kgs 6:6 (3 t. in verse); 1Kgs 7:23 (3 t. in verse); 2Chr 4:2 (3 t. in verse); Ezek 40:21; Ezek 47:3; Zech 5:2 (twice in verse) +, compare לְאַמּוֺת חָמֵשׁ 2Chr 3:11 often וַחֲצִי ׳א Exod 25:10 (3 t. in verse); Exod 25:17 (twice in verse) +, also ׳וַחֲצִי הָא ׳א Exod 26:16; Exod 36:21; Exod 1:31; 1Kgs 17:32; 1Kgs 17:35 etc.; compare שֵׁשׁ אַמּוֺת וָזָרֶ֑ת 1Sam 17:4 followed by בַּמִּדָּה in measurement Josh 3:4; 2Chr 3:3.
2. measure, full measure, limit, only אַמַּת בִּצְעֵךְ the measure of thy gain-making Jer 51:13 (|| קִצֵּךְ).


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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