BDB484 [H457]

אֱלִיל noun masculine (etymology uncertain: most probably akin to Syriac weak, feeble, poor; perhaps also in usage [compare b] felt to suggest אַל not; compare Che on Isa 2:8) insufficiency, worthlessness.
\ \ a. Zech 11:17 רֹעִי הָאֱלִיל the shepherd of worthlessness = the worthless shepherd, Job 13:4 רֹפְאֵי אֱלִל worthless physicians (|| טֹפְלֵישֶֿׁקֶר), Jer 14:14 Qr concrete a thing nought (uttered by prophets), but here קֶסֶם אֱלִיל a worthless divin. (|| חֲזוֺן שֶׁקֶר, תַּרְמִית לִבָּם) should perhaps be read (compare Gf).
\ \ b. especially plural אֱלִילִים concrete worthless gods, idols (compare הֲבָלִים) (possibly originally an independent word = gods, compare Sabean אלאלת, & see SBAk 1882, p. 1191, but even if so, associated by the prophets with idea of worthlessness, & used by them in iron. contrast with אֵלִים, אֱלֹהִים) Lev 19:4 (not to be made) Lev 26:1 (both H), Isa 2:8; Isa 2:18; Isa 2:20 (twice in verse) (of silver & gold), Isa 10:10 מַמְלְכוֺת הָאֱלִיל (collective) kingdoms of idolatrous worthlessness, vIsa 10:11; Isa 19:1; Isa 19:3 (of Egypt) Isa 31:7 (twice in verse); Ezek 30:13 (Egypt), Hab 2:18 אִלְּמִים ׳א dumb idols, Ps 96:5 ( = 1Chr 16:26) all the gods of the nations are ׳א vain, worthless gods 1Chr 97:7.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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