BDB4767 [H4603]

מָעַל verb act unfaithfully, treacherously, a priestly word (P Ezra, Chronicles), chiefly late (Late Hebrew id., act unfaithfully; Arabic whisper, backbite, perfidy, fraud); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular מָעַל Josh 22:20 + 4 t.; 3 feminine singular מָֽעֲלָה Lev 5:21; Num 5:12 + 13 t. Perfect; Imperfect יִמְעַל Prov 16:10; 2Chr 26:16 3 feminine singular תִּמְעֹל Lev 5:15; Num 5:27 3 masculine plural יִמְעֲלוּ Josh 7:1, וַיִּמְעֲלוּ 1Chr 5:25 2 masculine plural תִּמְעָ֑לוּ Neh 1:8 Infinitive construct לִמְעֹל, so read for HCT למסר Num 31:16 Thes Di; — act unfaithfully, treacherously, usually
1. מָעַל מַ֫עַל:
\ \ a. absolute בַּחֵרֶם in the matter of the devoted thing (the sin of Achan) Josh 7:1 (JE), Josh 22:20 (P), compare Lev 5:15 (P), 2Chr 36:14; Ezek 14:13; Ezek 15:8; Ezek 18:24.
\ \ b. wife against (בְּ) husband Num 5:12; Num 5:27 (P; marital infidelity).
\ \ c. elsewhere against (בְּ) God, Lev 26:40 (H), Lev 5:21; Num 5:6; Num 31:16 (?) Josh 22:16; Josh 22:31 (all P), 1Chr 10:13; 1Chr 28:19; Ezek 17:20; Ezek 20:27; Ezek 39:26; Dan 9:7.
2. usage without מַעַל (only late):
\ \ a. במשׁפט לא ימעל פיו Prov 16:10 let not his (the king's) mouth act treacherously against justice (RV in judgment).
\ \ b. elsewhere against God, with בְּ, Deut 32:51 (P), 1Chr 5:25; 1Chr 12:2; 1Chr 26:22; 1Chr 30:7; without בְּ, 2Chr 26:18; 2Chr 29:6; Ezra 10:10; Neh 1:8 בַּחֵרֶם 1Chr 2:7.


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in https://marvel.bible by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer

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