BDB4484 [H3967]

I. מֵאָה583 noun feminine hundred (Late Hebrew id.; MI20 מאתן (dual); SI5 מאת, מאתים (dual); Phoenician מאת מאתם (dual); Assyrian (probably, Dl§ 75), Tel Amarna mê-at WklTelAm 20*; Arabic Sabean מאת מאתם OsZMG x. 1856, 49; CISiv. i. 6, 4; 46, 6; מאה EutSin 457; Ethiopic ; Aramaic מְאָה, ; Palmyrene תלת מאה 300 VogPalm 6, 4; Nabataean מאה EutNab 8, 9); — ׳מ Gen 6:3 + 144 t.; construct מְאַת Gen 5:3 + 30 t. (on מְאַת Eccl 8:12 see 2 d below); plural absolute מֵאוֺת Gen 5:9 + 324 t. (מֵאֹת only Gen 5:4; Gen 5:30); המאיות Kt 2Kgs 11:4 + 3 t. 2Kgs 11 dual מָאתַיִם (תָ֑יִם-) Gen 11:19 + 76 t. (but 1Sam 18:27 read מֵאָה (מְאַת) ᵐ5 We Dr Kit Bu HPS); — hundred:

1. as simple number:
\ \ a. absolute singular, (I) following by singular of noun enumerated: מֵאָה קְשִׂיטָה Gen 33:19; Josh 24:32 (both E); אִישׁ ׳מ Judg 7:19; 1Kgs 18:13; 2Kgs 4:43 אַמָּה ׳מ 1Kgs 7:2; Ezek 40:19 +; כִּכָּר ׳מ 2Kgs 23:33; 2Chr 25:6; 2Chr 27:5; 2Chr 36:3; Ezra 8:26 אֶלֶף ׳מ = 100,000 1Kgs 20:29 + 6 t. Kings Chronicles; compare also Gen 17:17 (P), 2Sam 8:4; Isa 65:20 (twice in verse), and followed by collective noun רֶכֶב 2Sam 8:4 = 1Chr 18:4, צאֹן 1Kgs 5:3 (2) less often followed by plural מֵאָה שְׁעָרִים Gen 26:12 (J), פְּעָמִים ׳מ 2Sam 24:3 = 1Chr 21:3, נְבִיאִים ׳מ 1Kgs 18:4, etc.; (3) seldom, and late, preceded by plural noun: הָרִמֹּנִים מֵאָה Jer 52:23, אַמּוֺת הַמֵּאָה Ezek 42:2, compare Ezra 2:69; 2Chr 3:16; 2Chr 4:8; 2Chr 29:32 (4) exceptional is מֵאָה לְכִּכָּרִים כְּלֵי כֶסֶף Ezra 8:26 also, with ellipsis, מֵאָה כֶסֶף Deut 22:19 (i.e. shekels); מֵאָה קַיִץ 2Sam 16:1 (i.e. cakes); (5) מֵאָה without noun enumerated, especially = a hundred (men, persons) Judg 20:10 (twice in verse); Amos 5:3 (twice in verse); Lev 26:8 (twice in verse) (H), 1Chr 12:14 ׳מ Prov 17:10 = 100 (blows), Eccl 6:3 = 100 (children), (times). — On Neh 3:1; Neh 12:39 see below
\ \ b. absolute dual, (I) foll, by singular, מָאתַיִם אִישׁ 1Sam 18:27; 1Sam 30:10; 2Sam 15:11, לֶחֶם ׳מ 1Sam 25:18; 2Sam 16:1, צִנָּה ׳מ 1Kgs 10:16 = 2Chr 9:15, אֶלֶף ׳מ 1Sam 15:4 +, שָׁנָה ׳מ Gen 11:23 (P); (2) less often followed by plural שְׁקָלִים ׳מ Josh 7:21 (JE), 2Sam 14:26, דְּבֵלִים ׳מ 1Sam 25:18, אֲנָשִׁים ׳מ 1Sam 30:21, compare Ezra 8:4 (3) also preceded by plural noun: ׳עִוִּים מ Gen 32:15, ׳רְחֵלִים מ Gen 32:15 (E), ׳הָרִמּוֺנִים מ 1Kgs 7:20, compare 1Chr 15:8; 2Chr 29:32; Ezra 2:65 (4) with ellipsis כֶּסֶף ׳מ Judg 17:4 (5) as predicate, ׳רָאשֵׁיהֶם מ1Chr 12:32 (33 van d. H).
\ \ c. absolute plural ׃מֵא(וֺ)ת — (1) alone, = hundreds, לְמֵאוֺת 1Sam 29:2 by hundreds, so 2Sam 18:4 (both + thousands); especially ׳שָׂרֵי (הַ)מּ captains of (the) hundreds Exod 18:21; Exod 18:25 (E), 2Kgs 11:4; 2Kgs 11:9; 2Kgs 11:10; 2Kgs 11:15 +; (2) multiplied, followed by noun enumerated, in singular: אִישׁ ׳שְׁלשׁ מ Judg 7:6, 300 men, compare vJudg 7:7 vJudg 7:8 vJudg 7:16; Judg 8:4; Exod 12:27 (E), etc.; שָׁנָה ׳אַרְבַּע מ Gen 15:13 (JE) 400 years; אֶלֶף ׳חֲמֵשׁ מ 2Sam 24:9 500,000, compare 2Chr 13:17 רֶכֶב ׳שֵׁשׁ מ Exod 14:7 (J) 600 chariots; אִישׁ שְׁבַע ׳מ Judg 20:15; Judg 20:16 700 men; חָלָל ׳שְׁמֹנֶה מ 2Sam 23:8 800 slain; רֶכֶב ׳תְּשַׁע מ Judg 4:3; Judg 4:13 900 chariots; (3) less often followed by plural noun: שׁוּעָלִים ׳שְׁלשׁ מ Judg 15:4 300 foxes; אֲתוֺנוֺת ׳חֲמֵשׁ מ Job 1:3 500 she-asses, etc.; (4) rare, and chiefly late, after plural noun ׳פִּלַגְשִׁים שְׁלשׁ מ 1Kgs 11:3 300 concubines, compare 1Kgs 7:42 = 2Chr 4:13; 1Chr 4:42; 2Chr 14:8 etc.; after n.collective ׳בָּקָר חֲמֵשׁ מ 2Chr 35:9 (5) rare is בַּשֶּׁקֶל ׳חֲמֵשׁ מ Exod 30:24 (P); (6) ellipsis of n., כֶּסֶף ׳שְׁלשׁ מ Gen 45:22 (E), etc.
\ \ d. construct singular, only followed by singular, and late: מְאַתשָֿׁנָה Gen 11:10; Gen 21:5; Gen 25:7 (all P) + 25 t. P, 1Chr 25:9; Esth 1:4 (DrIntr. 124) (also with other numerals, see 2 below); מְאַ֖ת Eccl 8:12 = 100 times (מֵאָה פְּעָמִיםׅ, sc. פַּעַם, or perhaps only apparently construct (ii. 228 compare Ew§ 269 b. 279 e). — Neh 5:11 see 3 below
2. as part of larger number:
\ \ a. usually preceding tens and units, (1) with noun expressed once, or not at all, earlier usage, usually with וְ before ten if no unit follows, otherwise without וְ before ten (see ii. 218 ff.): מֵאָה וְעֶשֶׂר שָׂרִים Judg 2:8 שִׁשִּׁים וָשֵׁשׁ כִּכָּר שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֺת 1Kgs 10:14 666 talents, etc. (exceptions are Neh 7:24 and vNeh 7:31); (2) chiefly late, with noun and וְ repeated: שָׁנָה וְעֶשְׂרִים שָׁנָה מֵאָה שָׁנִים וְשֶׁבַע Gen 23:1 (P) (compare ואלף אמה ומאת אמה SI5.6 DaExpos. Times. May, 1898).
\ \ b. less often, following tens and units, chiefly late, with וְ repeated: — עֶשְׂרִים וּמֵאָה Num 7:86 (P); שֶׁבַע וּשְׁלשִׁים וּמְאַת שָׁנָה Exod 6:16 (P), etc.; with noun after ten and after hundred, חָמֵשׁ וְשִׁשִּׁים שָׁנָה וּשְׁלשׁ מֵאוֺת שָׁנָה Gen 5:23(P), etc. — On these usages see, further, ii. 217 ff. DaSynt. §§ 36 R. 3, 37 (d) Ges §§ 97, 134 and especially HernerSynt. d. Zahlw-rter im AT (1893).
3. מְאַת הַכֶּסֶף Neh 5:11 = a hundredth part of the money; but read quite possibly מַשַּׁאת the debt (GeiJüd. Zeitschr. viii. 1870, 227 Gr.)


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in https://marvel.bible by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer

Reformed Dating