BDB4369 [H3878]

I. לֵוִי proper name, masculine Levi (√ and meaning dubious; Gen 29:34 (J) interpreted as joined, i. e. husband to wife; Num 18:2; Num 18:4 (P; apparently in word-play) of Levites as joined to, attendant upon, Aaron; originally as attached to, accompanying Israel from Egypt, LagOr. ii. 20 f.; as attached to, attending upon the ark, BauPriest. 74; in this case I.לֵוִי would be derived from II. לֵוִי in priestly sense; HomA. u. A. 1890, 30 f. proposes Minaean לוא, lau'ân, priest, compare IdSüd-Arab. Chrest. 127; against all such views see KauSK 1890, 771 f. WeProl. ed. 5, 141; Hist. Israel 145 StaZAW i (1881), 112 ff. GrayProp. Names, p. 96, compare ZMG xi (1886). 167, make לֵוִי name, of a people from לֵאָה (q. v.); compare a further suggestion WeSkizzen iii. 114) — ᵐ5 Λευ(ε)ι(ν); —

1. a. Levi, son of Jacob and Leah, as individual, Gen 29:34; Gen 34:25; Gen 34:30; Gen 35:23; Gen 49:5 (all J); Gen 35:23; Gen 46:11; Exod 1:2; Exod 6:16; Exod 16:16; Num 3:17; Num 16:1 (all P); 1Chr 21; 1Chr 5:22; 1Chr 6:1; 1Chr 6:4; 1Chr 6:23; 1Chr 6:28; 1Chr 6:32; 1Chr 23:6; so ׳בַּתלֿ [אֶתֿ] Exod 2:1 (E), Num 26:59 (P).
\ \ b. as head of a family of descendants, in phrase בֵּית לֵוִי Exod 2:1 (E), and (with reference to tribe; late) Num 17:23, ׳מִשְׁפַּחַת בֵּית ל Zech 12:13.
\ \ c. often ׳בְּנֵי(ֿ) ל Exod 32:26; Exod 32:28 (E), Josh 21:10 (P), ׳בְּנֵי(ֿ) ל with tribal reference Num 3:15; Num 4:2; Num 18:21 (charged with service of tabernacle, and hence to receive tithes; all P); as priests הַכֹּהֲנִים בְּנֵי לֵוִי Deut 21:5; Deut 31:9, compare Mal 3:3, and ׳לֹא הָיוּ מִבְּנֵי ל 1Kgs 12:31 from the ׳בְּנֵי ל the Zadokites are selected as priests Ezek 40:46 according to 1Chr 9:18; 1Chr 23:24; 1Chr 23:27 ׳בְּנֵי ל are subordinate officials in temple (compare v1Chr 23:28f.), compare 1Chr 24:20 sharply distinguished from priests Ezra 8:15; Neh 12:23 (compare vNeh 12:22); so also in later stratum of story of Korah's revolt Num 16:7; Num 16:8; Num 16:10 (P2).
2. as name of tribe, ׳שֵׁבֶט ל Deut 18:1 (priestly tribe), ׳מַטֵּה ל Num 1:49 (in charge of tabernacle), Num 3:6; Num 18:2 (ministers unto Aaron); לֵוִי alone = (tribe of) Levi Deut 27:12; Deut 33:8 (earlier poem), Num 26:58 (P), Ezek 48:31; Mal 2:4 (priestly tribe, compare vMal 2:1), 1Chr 21:6; 1Chr 27:17 ׳מַטֵּה ל =rod of (the tribe of) Levi Num 17:18 (P); also (no inheritance, because charged with service of tabernacle) Deut 10:9.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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