כָּתֵף noun feminine
[Exod 27:15] shoulder, shoulder-blade, side (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic כַּתְפָּא, Arabic ); — absolute ׳כ [Zech 7:11] +; construct כֶּתֶף [1Kgs 6:8] +, app. כָּתֵף [Isa 11:14] (but regard as apposition, or read כֶּתֶף); suffix כְּתֵפִי [Job 31:22] כְּתֵפָם [1Chr 15:15] plural absolute כְּתֵפֹת [Exod 28:7] +, כְּתֵפוֺת [1Kgs 7:30]; [1Kgs 7:34] construct כִּתְפֹת [Exod 28:12] +, כִּתְפוֺת [Ezek 41:2] +; dual suffix כִּתֵפָיו [Deut 33:12] + 3 t., כְּתֵפֶיהָ [1Kgs 7:34] —
1. a. of man, shoulder, shoulder-blade (while שְׁכֶם, q. v. = neck and shoulders), כְּידוֺן נְחשֶׁת בֵּין כְּתֵפָיו
[1Sam 17:6] compare figurative of ׳י's dwelling between the shoulders of Benjamin [Deut 33:12] (see Dr); כְּתֵפִי מִשִּׁכְמָה תִפּוֺל [Job 31:22] my shoulder-blade, from the shoulder let it fall; as support for burdens [Judg 16:3]; [Ezek 12:6]; [Ezek 12:7]; [Ezek 12:12]; [Isa 46:7]; [Isa 49:22] (in figurative), [Exod 28:12]; [Num 7:9] (both P), [1Chr 15:15]; [2Chr 35:3] compare מְרוּטָה ׳כָּלכֿ [Ezek 29:18] every shoulder was rubbed bare (of Nebuchadnezzar's soldiers chafed by armour and toil); as aim of bird of prey [Isa 11:14] (figurative); compare shoulder of Moab [Ezek 25:9] (figurative, i.e. the side of M. exposed to invasion): [Ezek 29:7]b read probably כַּף (ᵐ5. ᵑ6 Sm Co, compare va).
\ \ b. of beasts,
[Isa 30:6] (carrying), [Ezek 34:21] (thrusting, in figure), סֹרָ֑רֶת ׳כ [Zech 7:11] a refractory shoulder (refusing the yoke, figurative), so [Neh 9:29] of choice meat [Ezek 24:4] (|| יָרֵךְ).
\ \ c. = shoulder-pieces (always plural) of ephod
[Exod 28:7]; [Exod 28:12]; [Exod 28:25]; [Exod 28:27] = [Exod 39:4]; [Exod 39:7]; [Exod 39:18]; [Exod 39:20] (P).
2. a. slope side, of mountain, כֶּתֶף יָםכִּֿנֶּרֶת
[Num 34:11], i.e. the mountain-slopes northeast of the lake, compare [Josh 15:8]; [Josh 15:10]; [Josh 15:11]; [Josh 18:12]; [Josh 18:13]; [Josh 18:16]; [Josh 18:18]; [Josh 18:19] (all P).
\ \ b. opposite side (s), that is, of door or entrance, of tabernacle-court
[Exod 27:14]; [Exod 27:15] = [Exod 38:14]; [Exod 38:15] (all P), of temple [1Kgs 6:8]; [1Kgs 7:39] (3 t. in verse) = [2Chr 4:10]; [2Kgs 11:11] (twice in verse) = [2Chr 23:10] (twice in verse); compare [Ezek 40:18]; [Ezek 40:40] (twice in verse); [Ezek 40:41]; [Ezek 40:44] (twice in verse); [Ezek 41:2]; [Ezek 41:26]; [Ezek 46:19]; [Ezek 47:1]; [Ezek 47:2].
3. supports of the bases for the lavers beside the temple
[1Kgs 7:30] (twice in verse); [1Kgs 7:34] (twice in verse).
The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in https://marvel.bible by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer