BDB3852 [H3499]

I. יֶ֫תֶר94 noun masculineNeh 2:16 remainder, excellence, excess; — absolute יֶ֫תֶר Neh 2:16 + 2 t.; יָ֑תֶר Prov 17:7 construct יֶ֫תֶר Gen 49:3 + 84 t.; יֶ֫תֶר Isa 56:12 (see Baer's note); suffix יִתְרוֺ Isa 44:19 יִתְרָם Exod 23:11 + 2 t. (not Job 4:21, q. v. below II. יֶתֶר); —

1.
\ \ a. remainder, remnant (with implied inferiority in number or quality), of crops, etc. יִתְרָם Exod 23:11 (JE), their remnant, i.e. what they (the enemy) leave, so יֶתֶר הַגָּזָם Joel 1:4 יֶתֶר הָאַרְבֶּה vJoel 1:4 יֶתֶר הַיֶּלֶק vJoel 1:4 יֶתֶר הַפְּלֵטָה הַנִּשְׁאֶרֶת Exod 10:5 (J); of vessels, יֶתֶר הַכֵּלִים הַנּוֺתָרִים Jer 27:19 of a tree Isa 44:19 (= שְׁאֵרִית vIsa 44:17); elsewhere of person Deut 3:11 = Josh 12:4; Josh 3:12 (both D), Deut 28:54; Josh 23:12 (D), 2Sam 21:2; 2Kgs 25:11 = Jer 52:15; Ezek 34:18 of a rescued remnant of Israel (Judah) Mic 5:2; Zeph 2:9 (|| שְׁאֵרִית), Zech 14:2 יֶתֶר הַקָּדֵשׁ אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁאַר 1Kgs 22:47 יֶתֶר הָעָם הַנִּשְׁאָרִים Jer 36:9 (twice in verse); 2Kgs 25:11 = Jer 52:15 .
\ \ b. remainder, rest, other part of people, elders, etc., 2Sam 10:10 = 1Chr 19:11; 2Sam 12:28; 1Kgs 12:23; Jer 29:1; Hab 2:8; Ezek 48:23 sometimes including a majority Judg 7:6; 1Sam 13:2 of common people (opposed to rulers) Neh 2:16; Neh 4:8; Neh 4:13 compare Neh 6:1 of land Deut 3:13; Josh 13:27 (P); of other inanimate things Lev 14:17 (P), Num 31:32 (id.), of years Isa 38:10 elsewhere in phrase יֶחֶר דִּבְרֵי the rest of the affairs of, in summaries of reigns of kings of Israel and Judah 1Kgs 11:41 + 41 t. Kings Chronicles; יֶתֶר כָּלדִּֿבְרֵי 1Kgs 15:23 יֶתֶר דְּבָרָיו 2Chr 28:26.
2. a. excess, שְׂפַת יָ֑תֶר Prov 17:7 a lip of excess = arrogant speech (see VB).
\ \ b. in adverb phrases, עַל יֶתֶר Ps 31:24 on the basis of abundance = abundantly, as adverb accusative גָּדוֺל יֶתֶר מְאֹד Isa 56:12 great, in abundance, exceedingly, Dan 8:9 וַתִּגְדַּליֶֿתֶר and grew great in excess, exceedingly (compare much, more than).
\ \ c. specifically what is over and above immediate necessities, abundance, affluence Job 22:20; Ps 17:14.
3. superiority, excellency יֶתֶר שְׂאֵת וְיֶתֶר עָ֫ז Gen 49:3. — On Job 4:1 see II. יֶתֶר.


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in https://marvel.bible by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer

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