BDB3708 [H3372 H3373]

יָרֵא verb fear (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian îrû, id.; Hpt KAT2, Gloss i., COTGloss) —

Qal328 Perfect ׳יר Gen 19:30 + 14 t.; 3 feminine יָ˜רְאָה Jer 3:8; Ps 76:9 יָרֵ֑אָה Gen 18:15 plural 2 masculine יְרֵאתֶם Num 12:8 + 2 t.; + 23 t. Perfect; Imperfect יִירָא Amos 3:8 + 3 t.; וַיִּירָא Gen 28:17 + 5 t.; וַיִּרָא Jer 26:21 + 5 t.; plural (יִָֽרְאוּ) יִירְאוּ Jer 23:4 +; יִרָאוּן Deut 13:12, +, etc.; 136 t. Imperfect; Imperative יְרָא Prov 3:7 + 3 t.; יְראוּ Josh 24:14 + 2 t.; Infinitive construct יְרֹא Josh 22:25 לֵרֹא 1Sam 18:29 (Ges«GKC:69»§ 69, R. i.); לְיִרְאָה Deut 4:10 + 13 t.; suffix יִרְאָתוֺ 2Sam 3:11 יִרְאָתָם Isa 29:13 יְרָאתֶם Josh 4:24 (read יִרְאָתָם § 1081 a Ew337 b Di etc.); Participle יָרֵא Gen 32:12 + 15 t.; construct יְרֵא Gen 22:12 + 10 t.; plural יְרֵאִים Jer 42:11 + 6 t.; construct יִרְאֵי Exod 18:21 + 12 t.; feminine construct יִרְאַת Prov 31:30
1. fear, be afraid (not in P):
\ \ a. absolute Gen 3:10; Gen 18:15; Gen 32:8; Gen 43:18; Exod 14:10 (J), Gen 20:8; Gen 28:17; Gen 42:35; Exod 2:14; Josh 10:2 (E), Deut 20:8; Deut 31:8; Judg 7:3; Judg 8:20; 1Sam 4:7; 1Sam 17:11; 1Sam 17:24; 1Sam 23:3; 1Sam 28:5; 1Sam 31:4 = 1Chr 10:4; 2Kgs 10:4; 2Chr 20:3; Neh 2:2; Neh 6:13; Isa 54:14; Jer 3:8; Jer 23:4; Jer 26:21; Amos 3:8; Jonah 1:5; Jonah 1:10; Ps 27:3; Ps 46:3; Ps 49:6 (but Bae reads ראה) Ps 56:4; Ps 56:5; Ps 56:12; Ps 64:5; Ps 65:10; Ps 76:9; Ps 112:8; Ps 118:6; Prov 14:16; Job 6:21; Job 11:15 אַלתִּֿירָא(יו׳ּׅ fear not Gen 15:1; Gen 21:17; Gen 35:17; Gen 50:19; Gen 50:21; Exod 20:20; Josh 10:25 (E), Gen 26:24; Gen 43:23; Exod 14:13; Josh 8:1 (J), Deut 1:21; Deut 20:3; Deut 31:6; Judg 4:18; Judg 6:23; 1Sam 4:20; 1Sam 12:20; 1Sam 22:23; 1Sam 23:17; 1Sam 28:13; 2Sam 9:7; 2Sam 13:28; 1Kgs 17:13; 2Kgs 6:16; 1Chr 22:13; 1Chr 28:20; 2Chr 20:17; Isa 7:4; Isa 35:4; Isa 40:9; Isa 41:10; Isa 41:13; Isa 41:14; Isa 43:1; Isa 43:5; Isa 44:2; Isa 54:4; Jer 30:10; Jer 46:27; Jer 46:28; Joel 2:21; Joel 2:22; Zeph 3:16; Hag 2:5; Zech 8:13; Zech 8:15; Ps 49:17; Lam 3:57; Dan 10:12; Dan 10:19; Ruth 3:11 ׳יִשְׁמְעוּ וי hear and fear Deut 13:12; Deut 17:13; Deut 19:20; Deut 21:21 ׳(י)ראו וי see and fear Ps 40:4; Ps 52:8; Isa 41:5; Zech 9:5.
\ \ b. with accusative of thing or person Num 14:9 (twice in verse) (J), Num 21:34 (E), Deut 3:2; Deut 3:22; Judg 6:27; 1Sam 15:24; 2Sam 3:11; 1Kgs 1:51; Isa 8:12; Isa 51:7; Isa 57:11; Ezek 3:9; Ezek 11:8; Hab 3:2 (accusative פעלךָ in corrected rhythm), Ps 23:4; Dan 1:10 accusative of God (׳י) 1Sam 12:18; 2Sam 6:9 = 1Chr 13:12; Isa 57:11; Jer 5:22; Jonah 1:16; Job 9:35; Job 37:24.
\ \ c. with מִן be afraid of, Deut 1:29; Deut 2:4; Deut 7:18; Deut 20:1; Deut 28:10; Josh 10:8 (D) 1Sam 28:20; 2Kgs 25:24; Isa 10:24; Isa 51:12; Jer 10:5; Jer 42:11; Jer 42:16; Ezek 2:6 (3 t. in verse); Mic 7:17; Ps 3:7; Ps 27:1; Ps 65:9; Ps 91:5; Ps 112:7; Ps 119:120; Prov 3:25; Prov 31:21; Job 5:21; Job 5:22; Eccl 12:5 with מִפְּנֵי Deut 5:5; Deut 7:19; Josh 9:24; Josh 11:6 (D), 1Sam 7:7; 1Sam 18:29; 1Sam 21:23; 1Kgs 1:50; 2Kgs 1:15; 2Kgs 19:6 (= Isa 37:6) 2Kgs 25:26; 2Chr 20:15; 2Chr 32:7; Neh 4:8; Jer 1:8; Jer 41:18; Jer 42:11 (twice in verse); מִלִּפְנֵי 1Sam 18:12, with בְּ because of, for Jer 51:46.
\ \ d. with infinitive and לְ fear to do a thing Gen 19:30; Gen 26:7 (J), Num 12:8 (E), Judg 7:10; 2Sam 1:14; 2Sam 10:19; 2Sam 12:18 with infin. and מִן, afraid of doing Gen 46:3; Exod 3:6 (E), 1Sam 3:15; Jer 40:9; Job 32:6.
\ \ e. with פֶּן fear lest Gen 31:31 (E) Gen 32:12 (J).
2. stand in awe of, with מן and infinitive וַיִּירְאוּ מִגֶּשֶׁת אֵלָיו Exod 34:30 (P) and they stood in awe of drawing nigh unto him; יִירְאוּ מֵיהוה ׳וגו Ps 33:8 let all the earth stand in awe of Yahweh; וְיָרֵאתָ מֵאֱלהֶיךָ and thou shalt stand in awe of thy God Lev 19:14; Lev 19:32; Lev 25:17; Lev 25:36; Lev 25:43 (all H); with מִפְּנֵי, of the king Solomon 1Kgs 3:28 ׳מִפְּנֵי י אלהים Exod 9:30 (J?); ׳מפני י Hag 1:12 מלפני (אלהיםׅ ׳י stand in awe before (God) Eccl 3:14; Eccl 8:12; Eccl 8:13.
3. fear, reverence, honour, e.g. parents Lev 19:3 (H), Moses and Joshua Josh 4:14 (twice in verse), the oath 1Sam 14:26; Eccl 9:2, commandment Prov 13:13, the sanctuary Lev 19:30; Lev 26:2 (H), other gods Judg 6:10; 2Kgs 17:7; 2Kgs 17:35; 2Kgs 17:37; 2Kgs 17:38 elsewhere of God:
\ \ a. absolute Jer 44:10.
\ \ b. with accusative (ה)אלהים Gen 22:12; Gen 42:18; Exod 1:17; Exod 1:21; Exod 18:21 (E), Deut 25:18; Ps 55:20; Ps 66:16; Job 1:1; Job 1:8; Job 1:9; Job 2:3; Eccl 5:6; Eccl 7:18; Eccl 8:12; Eccl 12:13; יהוה ׳יר Exod 14:31 (J), Josh 22:25 (P), Josh 24:14 (E), 1Sam 12:14; 1Sam 12:24; 1Kgs 18:3; 1Kgs 18:12; 2Kgs 4:1; 2Kgs 17:25; 2Kgs 17:28; 2Kgs 17:32; 2Kgs 17:33; 2Kgs 17:34; 2Kgs 17:41; Isa 50:10; Jer 5:24; Jer 26:19; Hos 10:3; Jonah 1:9; Mal 3:16 (twice in verse); Ps 15:4; Ps 22:24; Ps 25:12; Ps 34:10; Ps 112:1; Ps 115:11; Ps 115:13; Ps 118:4; Ps 128:1; Ps 128:4; Ps 135:20; Prov 3:7; Prov 14:2; Prov 24:21; Prov 31:30 אֱלֹהֶיךָ ׳י ׳יר (and other suffixes) Deut 6:2; Deut 6:13; Deut 6:24; Deut 10:12; Deut 10:20; Deut 14:23; Deut 17:19; Deut 31:12; Deut 31:13; Josh 4:24 (D), 2Kgs 17:39 with suffixes referring to Yahweh or Elohim Deut 4:10; Deut 5:26; Deut 8:6; Deut 13:5; 1Kgs 8:40; 1Kgs 8:43 = 2Chr 6:31; 2Chr 6:33; 2Kgs 17:36; Isa 25:3; Isa 29:13; Jer 10:7; Jer 32:39; Mal 2:5; Mal 3:5; Zeph 3:7; Ps 22:26; Ps 25:14; Ps 31:20; Ps 33:18; Ps 34:8; Ps 34:10; Ps 60:6; Ps 67:8; Ps 72:5; Ps 85:10; Ps 103:11; Ps 103:13; Ps 103:17; Ps 111:5; Ps 119:63; Ps 119:74; Ps 119:79; Ps 145:19; Ps 147:11 ׳הַיָּרֵא אֶתדְּֿבַר י Exod 9:20 he that feared the word of Yahweh (J); the name (of Yahweh) Deut 28:58; Isa 59:19; Mal 3:20; Ps 61:6; Ps 86:11; Ps 102:16; Neh 1:11.

Niph`al45 Imperfect 2 masculine תִּוָּרֵא Ps 130:4 Participle נוֺרָא Gen 28:17 + 33 t.; feminine נוֺרָאָה Isa 21:1 plural נוֺרָאוֺת Isa 64:2 + 5 t.; נוֺרָאֹת Deut 10:21 נֹרָאוֺת 2Sam 7:23 suffix נוֺרְאוֺתֶיךָ Ps 145:6

1. be fearful, dreadful, e.g. wilderness Deut 1:19; Deut 8:15, land Isa 21:1, people Isa 18:2; Isa 18:7; Hab 1:7, ice (in simile) ׳כְּעֵין הַקֶּרַח הנ Ezek 1:22 (strike out ᵐ5 Co).
2. cause astonishment and awe: of Yahweh himself Ps 47:3; Ps 68:36; Ps 76:8 נוֺרָא תְהִלֹּת awe-inspiring in praises Exod 15:11 (song); עַלאֿלוהּ נוֺרָא הוֺד awe-inspiring majesty (is) upon Eloah Job 37:22 with לְ, to kings of the earth Ps 76:13 with על of hostile nations Zeph 2:11 of ׳י's doings Exod 34:10 (J) Ps 66:3; Ps 66:5 (ה)נוראות wonderful, glorious things, of Messianic king Ps 45:5 of Yahweh himself Deut 10:21; 2Sam 7:23 = 1Chr 17:21; Isa 64:2; Ps 106:22; Ps 145:6 ׳נו adverbially in Ps 65:6; Ps 139:14 Ges«GKC:118»§ 118. 5. b DaSynt. § 70(b); הגדול והנורא ׳יוֺם י the great and awful day of Yahweh Joel 3:4; Mal 3:23 compare Joel 2:11.
3. inspire reverence, godly fear, and awe:
\ \ a. as attribute of God, לְמַעַן תִּוָּרֵא that thou mightest be revered Ps 130:4 (ה)גָּדוֺל ו(ה)נוֺרָא (the) great and awful (God) Deut 7:21; Deut 10:17; Neh 1:5; Neh 4:8; Neh 9:32; with עַל, above all gods Ps 96:4 = 1Chr 16:25 above the angels round about him Ps 89:8.
\ \ b. of the name of Yahweh Deut 28:58; Ps 99:3; Ps 111:9; Mal 1:14.
\ \ c. of sacred things: מלאךְ האלהים Judg 13:6 place of theophany Gen 28:17 (E).

Piel.5 Perfect 3 masculine suffix יֵָֽרְאֻנִי 2Sam 14:15 Infinitive suffix לְיָָֽרְאֵנִי Neh 6:19 לְיָֽרְאָם 2Chr 32:18 Participle plural מְיָָֽרְאִים Neh 6:9; Neh 6:14 make afraid, terrify, with accusative


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in https://marvel.bible by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer