BDB3542 [H3205]

יָלַד497 verb bear, bring forth, beget (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic יְלִיד, יְלֵיד, ; Arabic bear, bring forth, so Ethiopic Assyrian alâdu, COTGloss) —

Qal Perfect יָלַד Gen 4:18 (3 t. in verse) + 16 t.; יָלָ֑ד Jer 17:11 וְיָלַד consecutive Ps 7:15 suffix יְלָֽדְךָ Deut 32:18 2 masculine singular suffix ילדתני Jer 2:27 Kt; Qr יְלִדְתָּנוּ (i. 410 Ges«GKC:70»§ 70, 2. R. 4); 1 singular suffix יְלִדְתִּ֫יךָ Ps 2:7 יְלִדְתִּ֫יהוּ Num 11:12, etc.; Imperfect יֵלֶד(יֹוםׅ Prov 27:1 3 feminine singular תֵּלֵד Gen 17:17 + 6 t.; וַתֵּ֫לֶד Gen 4:1 + 61 t.; 2 feminine singular תֵּלְדִי Gen 3:16 אֵלֵד Gen 18:13 וָאֵלֵד 1Kgs 3:17 יֵ˜לְדוּ Isa 65:23 3 feminine plural תֵּלַדְנָה Jer 29:6 וַתֵּלַדְנָה Ezek 23:4 וַתֵּלַדְןָ Gen 30:39, etc.; Infinitive absolute יָלֹד Job 15:35 construct לֵדָה Hos 9:11 + 3 t.; לֶ֫דֶת Gen 4:2 + 10 t.; לָלַת 1Sam 4:19 (i, 402, but probably text error Dr); suffix לִדְתִּי 1Kgs 3:18, etc.; Participle active יֹלֵד Prov 17:21; Jer 30:6, etc.; feminine יוֺלֵדָה Hos 13:13 + 12 t.; יֹלֶ֫דֶת Gen 17:19 + 4 t.; יֹלַדְתְּ Gen 16:11 + 2 t. (i. 404 f.; perhaps יֹלֶדֶת intended by Kt, compare Sta§ 213 b); suffix Prov 23:25 יוֺלַדְתּוֺ Prov 17:25 etc.; plural יֹלְדוֺת Jer 16:3 Passive participle יָלוּד 1Kgs 3:26; 1Kgs 3:27 construct יְלוּד Job 14:1 + 2 t.; plural יְלוּדִים 1Chr 14:4
1. bear, bring froth:
\ \ a. (a mother a child,) so commonly, approximately 208 t.; followed by accusative Gen 3:16; Gen 4:1 & constantly; accusative omitted Gen 6:2 etc. = be delivered of a child, 1Kgs 3:17; 1Kgs 3:18; 2Kgs 19:3 = Isa 37:3 (in proverb with negative, i.e. human power exhausted); of animals Gen 30:39; Gen 31:8 (twice in verse); Jer 14:5; Jer 17:11 (bird laying eggs, or hatching out young), Ezek 31:6; Job 39:1; Job 39:2 but also of whole process of labour (compare חול) וַתְּקַשׁ בְּלִדְתָּהּ Gen 35:16 compare vGen 35:17, Gen 38:27; Gen 38:28, compare 1Sam 14:19; Jer 31:18; Mic 5:2 (of a man, as preposterous, Jer 30:6, compare Moses as mother of Israel Num 11:12).
\ \ b. hence in simile of distress Mic 4:9; Mic 4:10; Isa 13:8; Isa 21:3; Isa 42:14; Jer 6:24; Jer 13:21; Jer 22:23; Jer 30:6; Jer 49:24; Jer 50:43; Ps 48:7, compare Hos 13:13 ילד עלבֿרכים (StaZAW 1886, 143 ff.) Gen 30:3; Gen 50:23 (compare Job 3:12).
\ \ c. figurative of wicked וְהָרָה עָמָל וְיָלַד שָׁ֑קֶר Ps 7:15 compare Job 15:35 also Isa 33:11 of Israelites, bringing froth wind (of vain efforts for deliverance) Isa 26:18 כְּפֹר שָׁמַיִם מִי יְלָדוֺ Job 38:29 of Tyre as mother of her inhabitants Isa 23:4 of Jerusalem Isa 51:18; Isa 54:1; Isa 66:7; Isa 66:8; Ezek 16:20 Israel bearing disloyal children Hos 5:7 Jerusalem and Samaria, as Oholibah and Oholah Ezek 23:37 of Babylon Jer 50:12 of a day, as producing events לֹאתֵֿדַע מַה יֵּ֫לֶד יוֺם Prov 27:1 perhaps of God (figurative of rock צוּר), as mother of Israel bringing forth with labour Deut 32:18 yet see
2. 2. less often beget:
\ \ a. literal, approximately 22 t., always with accusative; in Hexateuch a mark of J; Gen 4:18 (3 t. in verse); Gen 10:8; Gen 10:13; Gen 10:15; Gen 10:24 (twice in verse); Gen 10:26 = 1Chr 1:10; 1Chr 1:11; 1Chr 1:13; 1Chr 1:18 (twice in verse); 1Chr 1:20, Gen 22:23; Gen 25:3 (Deut 32:18 & Num 11:12 E are dubious; P uses Hiph`il), elsewhere Prov 17:21; Prov 23:23; Prov 23:24; Dan 11:6.
\ \ b. beget, figurative Ps 2:7 of ׳י's formally installing king into theocratic rights.
3. Zech 13:3 (twice in verse), of both parents (literally); Passive participle 3 t. = child 1Kgs 3:26; 1Kgs 3:27 where mother is named, 1Chr 14:4 where father named. Niph`al Perfect נוֺלַד 1Chr 2:3 + 6 t. + הנּוֺלַדֿ Gen 21:3 according to points, but read Participle (see Di); נוּ֯לְּדוּ Gen 3:5; Gen 20:8 (compare Ol§ 70, 2, R. 5); Imperfect יִוָּלֵד Gen 17:17 + 4 t.; יִוָּ֑לֶד Isa 66:8 וַיִּוָּלֵד Gen 4:18 + 2 t., etc.; Infinitive הִוָּ֑לֶד Gen 21:5 הִוָָּֽלְדוֺ Eccl 7:1 הִוָּ˜לְדָהּ Hos 2:5 Participle נוֺלָד 1Kgs 13:2 + 3 t. (Gen 21:3 see above); נוֺלָדִים Gen 48:5; 1Chr 7:21be born: of human beings, followed by לְ (born to such and such a man), Gen 4:18; Gen 10:1; Gen 17:17; Gen 21:3; Gen 21:5; Gen 46:20; Gen 48:5; Num 26:60; Deut 23:9; 2Sam 3:2 (Qr), 2Sam 5:13; 2Sam 14:27; 1Chr 2:3; 1Chr 2:9; 1Chr 3:1; 1Chr 3:4; 1Chr 3:5; 1Chr 20:6; 1Chr 20:8; 1Chr 22:9; 1Chr 26:6; Job 1:2 compare 1Kgs 13:2 without לְ, Job 3:3; Job 38:21; Ps 78:6; 1Chr 7:21; Eccl 7:1 (טוֺב שֵׁם מִשֶּׁמֶן טוֺב וְיוֺם הַמָּוֶת מִיּוֺם הִוָָּֽלְ˜דוֺ׃); metaphor of Israel (under figure of unfaithful wife) Hos 2:5 of nation, גּוֺי, Isa 66:8 people, עַם, Ps 22:32 of animals Lev 22:27; Deut 15:19 Participle כָּלנָֿשִׁים וְהַנּוֺלָד מֵהֶם Ezra 10:3 with predicate or appositive on which emphasis rests, רָ֑שׁ ׳נ Eccl 4:14 he was born poor; אֹהֵב הָרֵ֑ע וְאָח לְצָרָה יִוָּלֵד Prov 17:17 עַיִר פרא אדם יִוָּלֵד Job 11:12; Job 15:7. Pi`el Infinitive יַלֶּדְכֶן Exod 1:16 Participle absolute מְיַלֶּדֶת Gen 35:17 + 2 t.; plural absolute מְיִלְּדוֺת Exod 1:15 + 5 t. in Exod 1cause (or help) to bring forth, namely, assist or tend as midwife Exod 1:16 followed by accusative; elsewhere only Participle feminine as substantive = midwife; Gen 35:17 (E), Gen 38:28 (J), Exod 1:15; Exod 1:17; Exod 1:18; Exod 1:19 (twice in verse); Exod 1:20; Exod 1:21 (E). Pu`al Perfect יֻלַּד Gen 4:26 + 13 t.; יוּלַּד Judg 18:29 יֻלָּד֨ Gen 41:50 יוּלָּ֑ד Job 5:7 יֻלְּדוּ Gen 6:1 + 4 t. + 2Sam 3:2 Kt (Qr וַיִּוָָּֽלְדוּ); יֻלָּ֑דוּ Ps 90:2, etc.; Participle (? compare i. 433; Ges«GKC:52»§ 52, 2, R. 6) הַיוּלָּד Judg 13:8 (ii. p. 244 passive Qal); i. q. Niph`al be born, followed by לְ of father Gen 4:26; Gen 6:1; Gen 10:21; Gen 10:25; Gen 24:15 (all J), Gen 41:50 (E), Gen 35:26; Gen 36:5; Gen 46:22; Gen 46:27 (all P), Judg 18:29; 2Sam 3:2; 2Sam 3:5; 2Sam 21:20; 2Sam 21:22; 1Chr 1:19; Jer 20:15 followed by לְ before grandmother's name Ruth 4:17 compare לָ֫נוּ Isa 9:5 followed by לְ of purpose, destiny, אדם לעמל יוּלָּד֑ Job 5:7 יֻלְּדוּ עַלבִּֿרְכֵי יוֺסֵף Gen 50:23 (E; ׳בִּימֵי יו, cit. Di) denoting recognition of children as his; no preposition Jer 20:14; Jer 22:26, compare Judg 13:8 (see above); figurative of foreigners incorporated in spiritual Zion Ps 87:4; Ps 87:5; Ps 87:6 of production of mountains Ps 90:2. Hiph`il Perfect הוֺלִיד Gen 11:27 +; הוֺלִד Num 26:58 הֹלִיד 1Chr 2:36 +; suffix וְהוֺלִידָהּ consecutive Isa 55:10 הוֺלַדְ֫תָּ Gen 48:6, etc.; Imperfect יוֺלִיד Gen 17:20; Eccl 6:3 וַיּ֫וֺלֶד Gen 5:3 +; 2 masculine singular תּוֺלִיד Deut 4:25 + 4 t.; אוֺלִיד Isa 66:9 Imperative הוֺלִי֫דוּ Jer 29:6 Infinitive absolute הוֺלֵיד Isa 59:4 construct suffix הוֺלִידוֺ Gen 5:4 + 16 t.; Participle מוֺלִיד Isa 66:9 מוֺלִדִים Jer 16:3
1. beget (a father a child) Gen 5:3; Gen 5:4 (twice in verse) + 56 t. in Genesis; Lev 25:45; Num 26:29; Num 26:58 (all these P, see below Qal) + Deut 4:25; Deut 28:41 (see Di), 1Chr 2:10 (twice in verse); 1Chr 2:11 (twice in verse) + 84 t. Chronicles; Ruth 4:18 + 8 t., Judg 11:1; 2Kgs 20:18 = Isa 39:7; Jer 29:6; Ezek 18:10; Ezek 18:14; Ezek 47:22; Eccl 5:13; Eccl 6:3, compare Isa 45:10 also Jer 16:3 אֲבוֺתָם הַמּוֺלִדִים אוֺתָם, compare frequently Assyr. abu banu§a, e.g. VR Jer 1:8 figurative of producing dewdrops Job 38:28 of causing the earth to bear grain Isa 55:10, causing Zion to bring forth Isa 66:9.
2. bear, only figurative Isa 59:4 (|| הָרוֺ), of wicked, bringing forth iniquity (this favoured by context others, beget). Hoph`al Infinitive חֻלֶּ֫דֶת Gen 40:20; Ezek 16:5 הוּלֶּ֫דֶת Ezek 16:4 (Co as foregoing); only אֶתֿ ׳יוֺם ה Gen 40:20; Ezek 16:4; Ezek 16:5 day of one's being born = birthday. Hithpa`el Imperfect וַיִּתְיִלְּדוּ Num 1:18 denominative from תולדת declared their pedigree (see Di).


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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