BDB3012 [H2658]

I. חָפַר verb dig, search for (Arabic id.; Aramaic חֲפַר, , id.; Late Hebrew חֵפֶר act of digging) —

Qal Perfect ׳ח Job 39:29 וְחָפַרְתָּ֫ Job 11:18 וְחָפַרְתָּ֫ה Deut 23:14 חָפַרְתִּי Gen 21:30 חָֽפְרוּ Gen 26:18 + 2 t.; חָפָ֑רוּ Gen 26:32 חֲפָרוּהָ Num 21:18 Imperfect וַיַּחְפֹּר Gen 26:18; Gen 26:22 וַיַּחְפְּרֵהוּ Ps 7:16 וָאֶחְפֹּר Jer 13:7 יַחְפְּרוּ Job Job 39:21 (but read יַחְפֹּר so ᵐ5 ᵑ9 ᵑ6 Di) Deut 1:22 וַיַּחְפְּרוּ Gen 26:19 + 2 t.; וַיַּחְפְּרֻהוּ Job 3:21 Infinitive construct לַחְפֹּר Josh 2:2; Josh 2:3 + Isa 2:20 (compare below); Participle חֹפֵר Eccl 10:8
1. dig:
\ \ a. a well, with accusative בְּאֵר Gen 21:30 (E), Gen 26:15; Gen 26:18 (twice in verse); Gen 26:19; Gen 26:21; Gen 26:22; Gen 26:32 (J), Num 21:18 (E); compare Exod 7:24 (E); dig (a hole, implied as object) Deut 23:14 a pit, with hostile purpose, as snare or trap, figurative of malicious plan, with accusative בּוֺר Ps 7:16 (|| כָּרָה); so with accusative גומץ Eccl 10:8, compare [שַׁחַת] לְנַפְשִׁי ׳ח Ps 35:7 of horse, dig, i.e. paw the ground, יַחְפֹּר בָּעֵמֶק Job 39:21 (so read, see above) he paweth in the valley (compare Arabic hoof).
\ \ b. dig for something hidden, with accusative Job 3:21 (figurative of longing for death), Jer 13:7 (no object expressed)
2. search, search out, explore, with accusative הָאָרֶץ Josh 2:3 (twice in verse) (JE), Deut 1:22 of eagle, search for food, with accusative אֹכֶל ׳ח Job 39:29, with especially reference to keen vision (|| מֵרָחוֺק עֵינָיו יַבִּיטוּ); so = search or look carefully about before going to rest Job 11:18 (no object). — לַחְפֹּר Isa 2:20 see חֲפַרְפָּרָה below

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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