BDB2472 [H2220]

זְרוֺעַ, זְרֹעַ noun feminineExod 6:6 and (rare) masculineIsa 51:5, compare below arm, shoulder, strength (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian (Tel el Amarna102, 1. 12, etc.) zurû, compare JastrJBL xi, 1892, 123; Arabic ; Aramaic דְּרָעָא, ; Ethiopic ) — absolute זְרוֺעַ Exod 6:6 +, זְרֹעַ Deut 7:19 +; construct זְרוֺעַ Ps 10:15 +, זְרֹעַ Ps 89:11 +; suffix זְרוֺעִי Jer 27:5; Ps 89:2, זְרֹעִי Isa 51:5; Isa 63:5 זְרוֺעֲךָ Ps 71:18 +, זְרֹעֲךָ 1Sam 3:31 +, etc.; plural זְרֹעִים Dan 11:31 construct זְרֹעֵי Gen 49:24 suffix זְרֹעַי Isa 51:5, זְרֹעָיו 2Kgs 9:24 elsewhere feminine form, construct זְרוֺעוֺת Ps 37:17, זְרֹעוֺת Job 22:9 + 6 t., זְרֹעֹת Deut 33:27 suffix זְרוֺעֹתָ֑י Ps 18:35, זְרֹעֹתָ֑י 2Sam 22:35, etc. (In absolute and construct singular more often plene, in plural and with suffix more often defect. In three instances where ׳ז is masculine it means a political or military force Dan 11:15; Dan 11:22; Dan 11:31). —

1. arm,
\ \ a. literally, of a man Judg 15:14; Judg 16:12; 2Sam 1:10; Isa 9:19; Isa 17:5 (probably accusative instrumental), Deut 33:20; Zech 11:17 (twice in verse); Song 8:6; (strike out Co); כֹּחוֺ ׳ז Isa 44:12 (of a smith, forging); חֲשׂוּפָה ׳ז Ezek 4:7 (of prophet); in figure of ׳י teaching Ephraim to walk Hos 11:3 זְרֹעֵי יָדָיו Gen 49:24 arms of his hands, i.e. arms that by their strength enable him (Joseph) to draw the bow; וַיַּךְ אֶתיְֿהוֺרָם בֵּין זְרֹעָיו 2Kgs 9:24, i.e. his arms seen from behind, his shoulders.
\ \ b. arm as seat of (human) strength Ps 18:35 = 2Sam 22:35 לֹאעֹז ׳ז Job 26:2, ׳כּוֺחַ הַזּ Dan 11:6 compare vDan 11:6 לֹא עֹז ׳ז Job 26:2 ׳חִוַּקְתִּי ז Hos 7:15 compare Ezek 30:24; Ezek 30:25 also with שׁבר Ps 10:15; Ps 37:17; Jer 48:25 (|| קֶרֶן), Ezek 30:21; Ezek 30:22; Ezek 30:24 compare vEzek 30:25 רָמָה תִּשָּׁבֵר ׳ז Job 38:15. — On Mal 2:3 compare VB. Especially
\ \ c. Yahweh's arm as instrument of deliverance and judgment (often Deuteronomy, Jeremiah, Isa2, Psalms): — נְטוּיָה ׳ז Deut 4:34; Deut 5:15; Deut 26:8; Ezek 20:33; Ezek 20:34; Ps 136:12, compare Deut 7:19; Deut 11:2; 1Kgs 8:42 = 2Chr 6:32 (all || יָד חֲזָקָה), Deut 9:29; 2Kgs 17:36 (of creation) Jer 27:5; Jer 32:17 (all || כֹּחַ גָּדוֺל); נְטוּיָה ׳בִּז Exod 6:6 (P, or D's revision; no ||); חֲזָקָה ׳זְ Jer 21:5 (|| יָד נְטוּיָה); גְּדֹל זרועך Exod 15:16 (song), ׳גֹּדֶל ז Ps 79:11 זְרוֺעִי תְאַמְּצֶנּוּ Ps 89:22 (|| יָדִי); ׳בִּזְ Ps 77:16 ׳ז Ps 44:4 (|| יְמִינְךָ), קָדְשׁוֺ ׳ז Ps 98:1 (|| יְמִינוֺ), compare Isa 52:10 עֻוָּךָ ׳ז Ps 89:11 compare Isa 62:8 (|| יְמִינוֺ); ׳לִבְּשִׁיעֹֿז זְרוֺעַ י Isa 51:9 ׳לְךָ ז עִםגְּֿבוּרָ֑ה Ps 89:14 תִּפְאַרְתּוֺ ׳ז Isa 63:12 as support of weak Isa 40:11 (figurative of shepherd), compare זְרֹעֹת עוֺלָם Deut 33:27 נַחַת זְרוֺעוֺ יַרְאֶה Isa 30:30 (of lightning stroke, || השׁמיע הוֺד קולו of thunder); also אִםוְֿרוֺעַ כָּאֵל לָךְ Job 40:9.Hence,
2. arm, as symbol of strength:
\ \ a. human 1Sam 2:31 (twice in verse) (ᵐ5 read זַרְעֲךָ and זֶרַע, but see Klo Dr), Ezek 22:6; Ezek 31:17 וַתְּאַמֵּץ זְרוֺעתֶיהָ Prov 31:17 בָּשָׂר ׳ז 2Chr 32:8 שָׁם בָּשָׂר זְרֹעוֺ Jer 17:5 (|| יִבְטַח בָּאָדָם); compare Ps 44:4 (|| חַרְבָּם); אישׁ זרוע Job 22:8 זְרֹעוֺת יְתֹמִים Job 22:9 (i.e. strength, resources); הָיוּ זרוע לִבְּנֵילֿוֺט Ps 83:9 רַבִּים ׳ז Job 35:9 זְרֹעַ גְּדוֺלָה Ezek 17:9 (for pulling up a tree, in metaphor).
\ \ b. = divine strength Ps 71:18 (|| גְּבוּרָה), זְרֹעוֺ משְׁלָה לוֺ Isa 40:10 (|| חָזָק); זְרֹעַי עַמִּים יִשְׁפֹּ֑טוּ Isa 51:5 [Str thinks masculine to avoid verbal ending נָה, compare Isa 49:11]; and help Isa 33:2 (|| יְשׁוּעָה) compare Isa 59:16; Isa 63:5 see also Isa 53:1.

3. Plural forces, political and military, with יִעֲמֹ֑דוּ Dan 11:15; Dan 11:31 vDan 11:22 (see Bev).

4. Shoulder of animal sacrificed, belonging to priest Num 6:19 (P) Deut 18:3.


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in https://marvel.bible by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer